ADM-160 UAV MALD - developed in the USA by Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical jammer. Miniature Air-Launched Decoy (MALD) is a small-sized jammer launched from an airplane that was developed as part of the MALD program as an experienced demonstrator of promising DARPA technologies. The main objective of the program was to create a small, inexpensive one-time jammer that would be used to reduce the loss of aircraft and help achieve air superiority. The UAV was misleading the enemy’s air and ground defense systems. The cost of the cost of producing one copy should not exceed 30000 US dollars. In parallel, this project was the brainchild of another program - SENGAP (Small Engine Advanced Program), which developed small-sized promising engines. As a result of this program, a miniature jet engine with 22,7 kgf - TJ-50 engine was designed and built. It was integrated with the removable part of the engine compartment. The studies were carried out tests to check the different modes of the engine, depending on the heights. The design of the MALD was carried out strictly according to the requirements of the Air Force Command for unmanned vehicles of jammers. DARPA, jointly with the Center for Aviation Systems of the Air Force, announced a competition for the design of the best project of a small, low-cost jammer. The competition was won by Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical, which in 1999, signed a contract to develop a UAV. The lead time is 27 months.

TRA has begun work on a new drone with other companies:

  1. Sunstrand Corporation - turbojet six-inch engines.

  2. Northrop Grumman - installation of electronic equipment.

  3. General Dynamics Electronics - software for routing flights.

  4. Lockheed Martin - the integration with the aircraft carrier.

The main objectives of the program ACTD: engineering, design, construction and testing of unmanned, analysis of production planning, the concept of tactical and operational applications. Air Force Systems Center for extensive testing was 32 unit ADM-160 MALD.

The main task of the UAV was the activation of enemy air defense systems that were given to its location. As a result, the detected air defense would be amazed at the high-speed missiles antiradar HARM. Also, the actions of the UAV was to make enemy air defenses to produce ammunition and thereby emptied. Such imitation demonstrated high demand, as greatly reduces the loss of Allied aircraft during the direct attack of enemy air defenses.

Application is as follows: the UAV is launched from an aircraft carrier directly to the entrance of the zone of enemy air defenses. Then make automated drones flying without feedback from the carrier aircraft and the NSO. As the carrier used F-16, but in the future was planned to re-equipped A / F-18, B-1B, JSF, F-15, F-22.

When transporting wing UAV poluutopalo in the fuselage, which together with the tail made from composite materials. The tail section was mounted engine and air intake located below the fuselage.

Applied technologies in commercial unmanned ADM-160:

  1. Avionics and electrical subsystem (I / O modules, protsessorCOTS, IMU, a receiver GPS, standard PC / 104, modular open architecture).

  2. Planer (automotive manufacturing technology, wings, fuselage, tail surfaces).

  3. The power plant (commercial suppliers of components, simple design with a small number of modular units).

  4. The payload (plastic parts are made by injection molding, automated assembly).

MALD first flew 09.01.1999 years. Starting committed to the F-16s Edwards Air Force Base in California at the height of 6100 850 m at a speed of km / h. The main objectives of which pursued the Air Force command is to test unmanned safe disconnection from the aircraft carrier, the engine is started at an altitude of more than 6 0.75 km at a speed of meters.

Analysts believe that the system is able to fully meet the tactical characteristics of the Navy and the US Air Force radar trap and reduce the loss of the aircraft in carrying out airstrikes on targets with powerful air defense systems. At the moment, the question of adopting this system is considered the command of the US Air Force. If the decision is positive, the producer will need to create a more compact units 1500 suppliers interference.

If you make some research and upgrade the aircraft carrier, there will be new ways to use the UAV ADM-160 MALD:

  1. The suppression of air defense.

  2. Budget defense system to protect the facilities from cruise missiles.

  3. Autonomous cheap offensive system.

  4. Neutralization of control and communication systems.

  5. Disposable cheap air target.

  6. Getting intelligence.

  7. The vehicle for the delivery of electronic intelligence devices.

ADM-160 MALD. Characteristics:

Modification ADM-160
Wingspan, m 0.65
Length m 2.31
Wing area, m2 1.30
Weight, kg
empty 36.5
takeoff 45.8
engine's type 1 TRD TJ-50
Thrust, kgf X 1 22.75
Maximum speed km / h 900
Flight distance, km more 450
The flight duration, min 20

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