Airbus A320
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Airbus A320

Airbus A320. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

The A320 development program was launched in March of 1984. The first flight of the A320 airliner made in 22 February 1987 year. It used CFM International CFM56-5A1 engines. After passing the flight tests, 26 February 1988 of the year was obtained a certificate of JAA (Joint Aviation Authorities) and the plane began to enroll in «Air France». And the first US customer was the airlineNorthwest Airlines.

The initial version, A320-100, was built in small quantities, but then an improved version of A320-200 was released. Improvements mainly related to the increase in the volume of fuel tanks. The final certification of the A320-200 passed in November 1988 of the year. Since then, A320-200 has grown into a whole family of medium-haul airliners, the consortium “Airbus SAS”, on the basis of which the following models are produced: A318, A319 and A321.

Airbus A320 photo

Airbus A320 photo

In the draft of the aircraft was made a lot of technical innovations. A320 became the first passenger airliner on which the Electro-Distance Control System (Fly-by-Wire) was installed. The advantage of this system is that a computer with a given program controls many of the parameters of the aircraft, for example, it does not allow exceeding by angle of attack or overload. The EFIS digital avionics company “Thomson CSF” is installed in the ship. A320 also uses a relatively high percentage of composite materials compared to previous models.

A320-200 driven by two turbojets CFMI CFM56-5B or IAE V2500 with a thrust of up to 113 120 kN kN each.

Aircraft models have different versions of installed engines. From the kind of engine depends on the serial number of the modification. For example: on A320-211 used CFM56-5A1 motors and A320-231 model comes with engines IAE V2500-A1, etc.

Airbus a320 Salon

Airbus A320 3

Compared to other aircraft in its class, the A320 has a wider cabin, significant cargo space with large doors to facilitate loading and unloading. And the low cost of operation and maintenance is an attractive factor for low-cost airlines. For example, the American low-cost airline "JetBlue Airways Corporation"Located in New York, acquired for its fleet of vehicles 233. Other low-cost carriers with A320 significant orders are the British "EasyJet Company Limited"And Malaysian"Air Asia.


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Airbus a320 interior scheme

Airbus a320 interior scheme

Today, Airbus SAS is developing an improved A320 model. The new version of A320 is called A320neo. The New Engine Option is the last step in upgrading A320. The Neo modernization program included such improvements as: weight reduction, a new, modern salon with an expanded luggage compartment. The new airframe will be made with the use of new composite materials. And thanks to the installation of new economical engines CFM International LEAP-X and P & W PW1000G, it is planned to reduce fuel consumption by 10-15 percent.

Compared to previous A320 models, the new A320neo will produce less noise and lower emissions. The wing will also undergo modifications, in particular, the wing tips, which now will have the shape of a shark fin, so-called “sharklets”, according to the standard. Such a wing modification reduces fuel consumption by 2-3 percent. Thanks to innovations, it will be possible to increase the range of flights by 950 km and increase the carrying capacity.

Product specifications Airbus A320:

  • Years of production: 1987 g - nowadays
  • Empty weight: 42100 kg
  • Length: 37,57 m
  • Height: 11 m
  • sweep wings: 31,4 m
  • Wing area: 122,6 m2
  • The diameter of the fuselage: 3,95 m
  • Cruising speed: 845 km / h (0,78 mach, 511 mph)
  • Maximum speed: 871 km / h (Mach 0,82, 537 miles / hour)
  • Range of flight: 6300 km.
  • Ceiling: 11800 m.
  • The length of the run: 2090 m.
  • path length: 1530 m.
  • The width of the passenger compartment: 3,7 m
  • Number of passengers: 140 -180 places
  • Crew: 2 person

Airbus A320 video

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The first time I'll fly in life, not a magician to wait for August, And I liked Xnumx beauties and hope my family will like it.

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