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AQM-91 Compass Arrow
AQM-91 Compass Arrow

AQM-91 Compass Arrow

AQM-91 Compass Arrow is a high-altitude reconnaissance insignificant UAV, which was developed by engineers of the American company Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical. AQM-91 or Firefly Model 154 is considered the first representative of the second generation of UAVs. Initially, it was designed as reconnaissance high-altitude unobtrusive drone. It reached heights of 24400 m with a range of 3700 km. To increase the navigation characteristics on the UAV, an inertial navigation system and an onboard computer were installed. The fleet consists of 28 units AQM-91. Basically, they were used to fly over the Chinese border, so at the beginning of the 70-ies, after political rapprochement between China and the US, reconnaissance flights over the Chinese territory ceased, and the demand for scouts in the Compass Arrow dropped to zero.

UAV developed by Ryan, and the first flight Compass Arrow made in 1970 year. Unmanned vehicles designed for normal aerodynamic configuration with a low wing swept. The composition of the tail - the horizontal stabilizer with inclined to the longitudinal axis of the fuselage with two keels and rudders, which are mounted on the ending. Semi-monocoque fuselage, and above it is the engine manufacturing General Electric J97-GE-3. The design of unmanned combines the many technologies "stealth".

AQM-91 Compass Arrow. Characteristics:

Modification AQM-91
Wingspan, m 14.50
Length m 10.40
Weight, kg 2381
engine's type 1 turbojets General Electric J97-GE-3
Thrust, kgf 1 x
Maximum speed km / h 890
Flight distance, km 3700
Practical ceiling, m 24400


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