Aircraft bombs
Military aviation
Aviation bomb. Kinds. Characteristics.

Aviation bomb. Kinds. Characteristics.

Aviation bomb or Aerial bombsOne of the types of aircraft munitions, dumped from an airplane or other aircraft and separated from holders under the influence of gravity or a low rate of forced separation.

Currently used bombs, depending on their purpose are of various sizes and equipment, and their weight ranges from 0,5 to 2 000 kg, length of 10 cm to 4,5 m, a diameter of 5 to 60 see. The most common bombs weighing about 10, 50 , 100, 250, 500, 900 and 1 000 kg.

Bombs of World War II

Bombs of World War II

Aerial bombs have forms: a cigar or torpedo-shaped, pear-shaped or drop-shaped. Making bombs of various shapes caused by the need to reduce the impact force of air resistance (EASY-streamlined) and the most efficient is the main mass of the explosive charge.

Stability bombs in flight is achieved by means of a stabilizer which causes aerial bomb fly head part (nose) in the direction of movement.

Depending on the properties of the goals and objectives are different bombs:

  • a) for the destruction of railway junctions and stations, bridges, factories, warehouses, seaports, shipyards, and in some cases shelters and trenches, high-explosive bombs with a large destructive effect are necessary.
  • b) to defeat the manpower of troops on the march, on rest and in battle, not covered by the crews of ships "and the airfields are most appropriate to use fragmentation bombs, giving
  • a large number of fragments of slaughter; In addition to these bombs can be used chemical bombs;
  • c) incendiary bombs of small calibers, from 1 to 10 kg, are used to create fires in populated areas, at industrial enterprises, factories and in forests.
  • (most thermite, enabling the temperature to 3 000 ° C, water quenching the burning thermite results not given);
  • d) lighting bombs are used for illumination of the area during night operations for reconnaissance, photography and bombing, as well as for forced landing outside the airfield;
  • e) smoke bombs are needed to make it difficult for the enemy to observe the actions of land and naval forces;
  • e) armored-piercing or deep-seated aerial bombs and torpedoes are necessary for actions on ships and submarines;
  • g) propaganda bombs are needed to scatter literature;
  • h) to check the preparatory work before the bombardment, without the expenditure of combat bombs when shooting, special sighting bombs of low weight are needed, but with the same properties in flight as the combat bombs.

Aviation bomb

Aviation bomb

Action bombs at various targets

To secure the bomb on the plane are the bomb racks.

Recent divided into two basic types:

  • a) the outer-suspension bombs under the fuselage or under the wings,
  • b) internal - for the suspension of bombs inside the aircraft or in special boxes streamlined, strengthened by an airplane.

Aviation bomb

Aviation bomb

Dropping-gear - A device for actuating the lock mechanism bomb racks in the bombing. Depending on the tactical requirements bombardment bomb racks should allow a single, volley and serial dropping bombs with any interval of time between the fall of the bombs in the series.

Bombsight serve to determine with precision the moment of a possible drop bombs.

Military aviation

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