Cessna 208 Caravan
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Cessna 208 Caravan

Cessna 208 Caravan. Photo. Video. Driving salon. Characteristics. Reviews.

The Cessna 208 Caravan 208 Cessna (Cessna 208ACaravan, 208BGrand Caravan, CaravanAmphibian) is a lightweight, general-purpose American turboprop single-engine aircraft with a landing gear that is not retractable. It is produced by Cessna in various versions from 1984 (passenger, passenger, amphibian, cargo,). Used on short-haul aircraft.

The crew of the aircraft includes a pilot (in the performance of commercial flights using instrument flight rules - two pilots), the base model carries nine passengers (up to thirteen passengers plus one pilot with permission FAA).

Design

The design of a turboprop aircraft for general aviation use began in the 1980 year. A prototype of Cessna 208 Caravan took off 08.08.1982, then for two years, work on certification and testing. The first aircraft launched into the series appeared in 1984, at the same time the Federal Aviation Administration issued a flight suitability certificate for the aircraft.

Cessna 208 Caravan 321

Back in 1983, during the process of working on the aircraft, an order was received for a cargo version from a major airline carrier, Federal Express. The variation called “Cargomaster” was developed on the basis of Cessna208, the customer was supplied with 40 devices. Cooperation continued: a second order was received from Federal Express. An expanded aircraft, the Super Cargomaster, was designed, its 03.03.1986 flight tests began. We received a certificate of airworthiness in 1988 year, under contracts we supplied 260 aircraft. This aircraft was produced in a passenger version of the 1990, a variation called the Grand Caravan.

Production

By the end of 1989, customers delivered more than 370 Cessna208 aircraft. The turn of a thousand devices overcame 1998. More than sixty percent of this number sold to other countries.

The aircraft can operate in various conditions of use, in different climatic zones. Variations are made on different chassis, which are equipped with a Cessna208 airframe. In addition to the ordinary chassis of the wheels, there are converted versions for snow conditions on skis, an option with large tires for non-equipped airfields and an option with floats for the amphibian CaravanAmphibian.

Cessna 208 Caravan Salon

Cessna 208 Caravan Salon

The fuselage can be equipped with a cargo compartment or passenger seats. The passenger seats are arranged in four rows of three or two. Such a modification allows, if necessary, to take on board up to thirteen passengers. The ratio between the number of passengers and the number of cargo can be different: you can remove any number of seats, freeing for cargo and luggage space or leaving a free space. The use of podnishchevym cargo holdings significantly increases the aircraft's capabilities. With the help of them, you can make a large cargo capacity, or put additional seats for passengers by moving the passengers' luggage from the passenger compartment to these compartments.

The work on flight safety, compliance with modern requirements and pilot convenience does not stop: 28.04.2008 Cessna announced that Garmin G1000 navigation system will be installed in the cockpit. It has computerized graphic displays as default equipment on all modern Caravan aircraft.

variations

In addition to the two tasks assigned to the project - transportation of goods and passengers, military variations of the aircraft were also made.

Transportation of passengers

1984 Cessna208. Caravan I. Basic Initial Version

1986 Cessna208. GrandCaravan. A longer version with a capacity of up to thirteen passengers

1990 Cessna208B. GrandCaravan. A longer version with a capacity of up to thirteen passengers. Later, we began to put a more powerful engine PT6A114A

1997 Cessna 208675. Installed more than thirteen

1997 CaravanAmphibian. Replaced wheel chassis on the floats (consisting of floats there are also wheels)

1997 SoloyPathfinder21. Soloy sets on the plane two motors PT6D114A, which rotate a propeller.

2013 Cessna208B. GrandCaravanEX. Install a more powerful motor PT6A140.

Transportation of goods

1984 Cessna208A. Cargomaster. Added all-weather airborne equipment fuselage windowless ventral container.

1998 Cessna208B SuperCargomaster. Compared to the Cessna208A Cargomaster, the fuselage is longer by 1.2 meters.

Sandartnogo scheme salon

Cessna 208 Caravan scheme salon

The main operators:

Kazakhstan

Sky Service.

Russia

PANH;

Ak Bars Aero.

Colombia

Patagonia Airlines.

Brazil

SETELinhas Aéreas.

Paraguay

ConcretMix SA

Panama

Aeroperlas; Air Panama.

France

Air Caraïbes; Finist'air.

Chile

Aerocivil (regulator).

USA

Castle Aviation; Federal Express; Kenmore Air; Mokulele Airlines; NewMexico Airlines; PacificWings Airlines; PriorityAir Charter.

Characteristics of the aircraft Cessna Caravan:

Length: 12,67m.

Height: 4,52m.

Empty weight: 2050kg.

Wingspan: 15,88m.

Wing area: 25,96 sq. M.

Maximum speed: 352km / h..

Cruising speed: 341km / h..

Ceiling: 4200m.

Range with maximum load: 1200km.

Engines: 1hTVD PrattWhitney Canada PT6A114A.

Link: 1h503KVt.

Crew: 1-2cheloveka.

Number of seats: 9-13mest.

Cargo capacity in the cargo version: 1315kg.

Weight Fuel 1009t.

Maximum takeoff weight: 3969t.

the run length: 585m.

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