Hamburg Aviation Plant
Hamburg Aviation Plant

Hamburg Aviation Plant

The plant itself is located on the banks of the river Elbe near Hamburg. In addition to the assembly hangar in the vast territory also has the body design and engineering bureau. Total factory in Hamburg 19 thousand people.

Of the thirty-six airplanes and thirty-three-thirty-four gather in Hamburg, of them 1,8 A380 copies per month. In Hamburg in December 2009 year produced a record number of aircraft - sixty-two.

Angara, where finally collected A380 currently closed to visitors. Passing from one shed to another may view all the main aircraft manufacturing stages: from a structural framework to brilliant glare of the airliner, which may have to inspect the customer.

On the territory of the plant is strictly forbidden to take pictures.

So what is the process of final assembly of the aircraft?

Hamburg Aviation Plant 1

The main part of the cabin is produced in different countries:

in Germany, the tail - (Hamburg, Bremen);

in Spain - the nose ”

in Germany and France - elements of the fuselage itself;

in the UK - the wings.

then Airbus A300One of the largest freight and cargo planes in the world, also known as Beluga, the cockpit elements transportable to the Hamburg Aviation Plant. The name Beluga is associated with the hull of the aircraft, very much like a beluga whale (not to be confused with beluga fish!) . In total, five such aircraft were produced, one of them is used in commercial cargo aviation, that is, transferred to the external market, and four are working to meet the needs of its own production, for Airbus plants. Each working plane during the working day makes up to three to five flights between enterprises of the Airbus Corporation. During the past five years, Boeing has been using a similar DreamLifter transport aircraft, previously they used rail transportation.

The Airbus A300 "Beluga" without any problems fit any components from aircraft type A330, A320, A340.

Loading and unloading of items held in an orderly and smoothly:

Now a little about the activities of individual departments.

Shop number 1.

Is the assembly shop to interconnect parts of the fuselage:

Shop number 2.

It is a room in which it is filled with cabin electronics and other systems. All operations are done only manually! There are no robots or conveyors, as in automobile factories. In each hangar there are demonstration stands, monitors with short clips about what is happening here. Everywhere there is perfect cleanliness and order, impressive cranes, equipment and tractors. Almost everywhere you can come very close and consider the process in detail. It's one thing to just fly on an airplane, and it is completely different to see such a variety of different hoses, wires, connectors, which are almost everywhere passing along the plane.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 2

Here is a stand, which shows clearly the quality of the assembly. Each nut or screw is marked with a specialized strip of paint, which allows you to see when adjusting whether the connection has become loose. There is also a fragment of an electrical harness in the hanging position - it is very carefully assembled and clamped down a little more than a centimeter, which guarantees resistance to vibrations. Separately, they talk about the huge list of tests and the quality control carried out, and which the aircraft passes at each stage of construction. It is the excellent build quality that is the assurance that the aircraft will serve the operational period successfully allotted to it, which is often at least twenty-five years.

Shop number 3.

Here comes the cockpit and the fuselage with wings joint. The tail in this shop already painted in the colors of the customer, the airline that is still in the early stages of production already used an individual approach, for example, applied decals. And here are the constituent elements of these different shades of green that determine the country of manufacture of a composite element (Spain, Germany, France, England).

Shop number 4.

And finally, the last stage of direct installation - the installation of engines. The engines come from different manufacturers, depending on the specific model and the wishes of the customer (Snecma CFM, IAE, Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, General Electric).

Shop number 5.

In the last hangar there is a complete painting of all parts of the aircraft, it is closed to the public. On site Nearby are ready for delivery and final inspection by the customer ready planes. It is interesting to note the wide variety of liveries of airlines from around the world.

Currently, the Airbus family of aircraft, the most popular in the world, is А320. Now almost 4500 copies have already been made. At the moment, the entire order is 6700. What kind of crisis for the manufacturer of an Airbus may even be involved ?! :)

An interesting fact is that China has bought more than 1200 A320 type aircraft.

The development and design of A380 took about ten years, as a result of the cost of the program was about 12 billion euros. Airbus argues that in order to return the money spent on the development and construction of A380 necessary to realize 420 aircraft, although other estimates of independent analysts, not working on the Airbus figure could be much higher. In terms of a passenger A380 Fuel consumption 17 percent less than the "Boeing-747". It should be in every plane pave astronomical figure 530 kilometers of wiring: 100 000 separate current-carrying wires and 40 300 connecting them. The cost of the aircraft 430 million. dollars.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 3

The rear and front sections of the fuselage are submerged in a horizontal folding mode onto the Ville de Bordeaux Airbus-owned ship in Hamburg (Northern Germany), from where they are sent to the UK. Wing consoles, produced in Bravtin, a town located in North Wales and Filton, a town located in Bristol, were then delivered by barge to Mastin where, together with the existing sections of the Ville de Bordeaux, they were loaded aboard a ship. Then the ship stopped by for some more sections in Saint-Nazaire, a town located in Western France, and then the ship was unloaded in Bordeaux.

Then the boat takes on board your tail section and the lower part of the fuselage in Cadiz, a town located in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux. From there, the constituent elements A380 transported by barge to Langon, the town is located in the Gironde, and then overland transport to the assembly hall in Toulouse. new barges and canals built to transport the individual elements A380 roads were widened. After all this, the planes are sent to Hamburg, where oboruduyutsyai painted.

A380 able to make non-stop flights on distance to 15 200 kilometers. Pasaazhirovmestimost - 525 people in three classes of cabin, 853 passenger in a single-class configuration. In single-class layout already made two copies of the aircraft.

That's the way going A380 Airbus assembly process.

Overall - this is a stunner: the ability to live to see the process, go through the assembly hangar, where a breathtaking scale by all that is happening.

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