Hamburg Aviation Plant
Hamburg Aviation Plant

Hamburg Aviation Plant



The plant itself is located on the banks of the river Elbe near Hamburg. In addition to the assembly hangar in the vast territory also has the body design and engineering bureau. Total factory in Hamburg 19 thousand people.

Of the thirty-six airplanes and thirty-three-thirty-four gather in Hamburg, of them 1,8 A380 copies per month. In Hamburg in December 2009 year produced a record number of aircraft - sixty-two.

Angara, where finally collected A380 currently closed to visitors. Passing from one shed to another may view all the main aircraft manufacturing stages: from a structural framework to brilliant glare of the airliner, which may have to inspect the customer.

On the territory of the plant is strictly forbidden to take pictures.

So what is the process of final assembly of the aircraft?

Hamburg Aviation Plant 1


The main part of the cabin is produced in different countries:

Germany Tail - (Hamburg, Bremen);

in Spain - the nose of the "

in Germany and France - the elements directly to the fuselage;

in the UK - the wings.

then Airbus A300, One of the world's largest cargo and cargo aircraft, also known as Beluga, the components of the cockpit are transposed to the Hamburg Aviation Plant. The name Beluga is related to the shape of the hull of the aircraft, very reminiscent of the whale-beluga (not to be confused in any case with the beluga fish!) . In total, five such aircraft are produced in the world, one of them is used in commercial commercial aviation, that is, it is transferred to the foreign market, and four are working to meet the needs of its own production, for Airbus plants. Each working aircraft during the working day makes up to three or five flights between the enterprises of the Airbus corporation. Over the past five years, Boeing has used a similar DreamLifter transport plane, previously they used transportation by rail.

The Airbus A300 «Beluga» without problems put any components of the aircraft type A330, A320, A340.

Loading and unloading of items held in an orderly and smoothly:

Now a little about the activities of individual departments.

Shop number 1.

Is the assembly shop to interconnect parts of the fuselage:

Shop number 2. 

Is the room in which the filling of the electronics compartment and other systems. All operations are performed only manually! There are no robots or conveyors, like automobile factories. In each hangar there are demonstration stands, monitors with short rollers about what is happening here. Everywhere there is an ideal cleanliness and order, impressive cranes, equipment and tractors. Almost everywhere you can come very close and the process is considered in detail. It's one thing to just fly on an airplane, and it's completely different to see such a variety of different hoses, wires, connectors, which almost everywhere pass through the airplane.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 2


Here also hangs a stand, which shows the quality of the assembly made. Each nut or screw is marked with a specialized strip of paint, which allows you to see when adjusting, whether the connection is untwisted. There, in the hanging position, there is a fragment of an electric bundle - it is very carefully assembled and the clamps pull almost a centimeter, which gives a guarantee of resistance to vibrations. Separately, they talk about a huge list of tests and the quality control performed, and which the aircraft passes at each stage of construction. It is the excellent quality of the assembly that is the assurance that the aircraft will serve a successfully operating period, which is at least twenty-five years.


Shop number 3.

Here comes the cockpit and the fuselage with wings joint. The tail in this shop already painted in the colors of the customer, the airline that is still in the early stages of production already used an individual approach, for example, applied decals. And here are the constituent elements of these different shades of green that determine the country of manufacture of a composite element (Spain, Germany, France, England).


Shop number 4.

And finally the last stage directly mounted - installation engines. Engines come from different manufacturers depending on the specific model and the customer's wishes (Snecma CFM, IAE, Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, General Electric).


Shop number 5.

In the last hangar there is a complete painting of all parts of the aircraft, it is closed to the public. On site Nearby are ready for delivery and final inspection by the customer ready planes. It is interesting to note the wide variety of liveries of airlines from around the world.

At the moment, the family of Airbus aircraft, the most popular in the world - it A320. Now they have made almost 4500 copies. At the moment, the entire order is 6700 What kind of crisis for Airbus products in general can be a question ?! :)

An interesting fact is that China has bought more than 1200 A320 type aircraft.

The development and design of A380 took about ten years, as a result of the cost of the program was about 12 billion euros. Airbus argues that in order to return the money spent on the development and construction of A380 necessary to realize 420 aircraft, although other estimates of independent analysts, not working on the Airbus figure could be much higher. In terms of a passenger A380 Fuel consumption 17 percent less than the "Boeing-747". It should be in every plane pave astronomical figure 530 kilometers of wiring: 100 000 separate current-carrying wires and 40 300 connecting them. The cost of the aircraft 430 million. dollars.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 3


The rear and front section of the fuselage sink ro tilting the vessel «Ville de Bordeaux», belonging to the Airbus, Hamburg (North Germany), from where they are sent to the UK. Console wing, made in Bravtine, a town located in North Wales and Filton, a town located in Bristol, then transported by barge to the Mastin which together with the existing sections of the «Ville de Bordeaux» immerses them aboard. Then the ship going down for some more sections in Saint-Nazaire, a town situated in Western France, and after the ship unloads in Bordeaux.

Then the boat takes on board your tail section and the lower part of the fuselage in Cadiz, a town located in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux. From there, the constituent elements A380 transported by barge to Langon, the town is located in the Gironde, and then overland transport to the assembly hall in Toulouse. new barges and canals built to transport the individual elements A380 roads were widened. After all this, the planes are sent to Hamburg, where oboruduyutsyai painted.

A380 able to make non-stop flights on distance to 15 200 kilometers. Pasaazhirovmestimost - 525 people in three classes of cabin, 853 passenger in a single-class configuration. In single-class layout already made two copies of the aircraft.

That's the way going A380 Airbus assembly process.

Overall - this is a stunner: the ability to live to see the process, go through the assembly hangar, where a breathtaking scale by all that is happening.


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