Fighter-bomber
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Fighter-bomber

The fighter-bomber - a tactical frontline fighter, able to attack the surface and ground targets. The aircraft (LA), which combined quality and fighter bomber. All major types can be used as the type of "surface-to-air" weapons missiles and bombs. The main difference from the ground attack is the ability to maneuver in the use of offensive air combat.

As a rule, bombers and ground attack aircraft attacking ground targets are covered by fighter jets. Fighter-bombers can operate without any cover, because they have excellent maneuverability and armament for suppressing enemy interceptors and ground-based air defense. However, to achieve the maximum effect of destroying land or sea targets, it is best to use compounds from attack planes and bombers. At the same time, massive strikes are ineffective against single mobile targets (tanks, trucks and transport vehicles). With this role, the fighter-bomber does a good job. There is one more disadvantage of a fighter-bomber - unlike a conventional standard bomber, he can not carry the same amount of ammunition.

Piston fighter-bombers

The first fighter bomber units were built in the era of the screw piston engines, the most famous of which left a significant mark in the history of aviation:

  1. Spitfire.
  2. Messerschmitt Bf.110 and Me.210.
  3. De Havilland Mosquito.
  4. Bristol Blenheim.

To this list could be added the Soviet Yak-9, but mostly it was operated as a fighter. According to the initial thoughts of designers piston fighter-bombers were to be used as a versatile aircraft that can destroy enemy ground and air. In contrast to the practice of the theory it was more deplorable. As the British and German aircraft copes with the enemy transport planes, bombers and mobile ground targets, but much inferior to single-engine fighters.

In addition, they lost bombers storming and abilities in the destruction or damage of great fortified ground targets - factories, bridges, large-scale combat and transport vehicles. However, fighter-bombers have been a great addition to bombing connections. They were used as an escort fighters.

Reactive types of fighter-bombers

The first supersonic aircraft capable of effectively attacking ground targets and conducting an air battle were considered 3-generation fighters: Su-17M, MiG-27, MiG-23B, MiG-23 BN, Mirage F-1, American F-4. But the tasks of using fighter-bombers in combat operations are determined by the delivered doctrine in specific air forces. American F-105 during the Vietnam War were exploited only as attacking ground targets. Thus in air battles, as a rule, gained a victory. Therefore, in comparison with piston types, the reactive ones are more maneuverable and are often used as conventional fighters. Directly, a fighter-bomber can perfectly perform the task of intercepting and destroying an air target (helicopter, airplane) and ground. In addition, a similar type of aircraft can produce point strikes against ground targets or pursue mobile ground forces.

Differences from the multipurpose fighter

Until recently, there was no such thing as a "multi-role fighter", but due to the growing opportunities of new technology such a thing has the right to be. The difference between the fighter-bomber and a multi-purpose fighter rather small. Sometimes one type of aircraft can be classified in one way or another.

Contingent differences are as follows:

  1. Fighter-Bomber - this is the best version of the Sukhoi, which, if necessary, or change the military situation can join the battle as a fighter.
  2. Multi-purpose fighter is considered universal. It is designed for superiority in the air, and with a similar change in the combat situation can be applied to air strikes against ground targets.

Typically, multi-role fighter aircraft called Air Force 5-generation, leading to confusion in the classification. Examples: 7B Su-Su-17, 27-MIG, MIG-15, COKO J-22 Opao, F-15E Strike Eagle, SEPECAT Jaguar, Panavia Tornado.

Classification of aircraft:


А

Administrative plane

Б

Bomber

В
Military transport aircraft

Air carrier

Г
The hybrid airship
Seaplane

Hypersonic aircraft

Д

twin-boom aircraft

И
Fighter

Fighter-bomber

К
counterinsurgency aircraft

Kosmoplan

Л

Flying Submarine

О

The orbital plane

П
Passenger plane
dive-bomber

Generation jet fighter

Р
missile carrier
rocketglider
Reactive plane

Regional aircraft

С
VTOL
Aircraft maintenance
The aircraft short takeoff and landing
Aircraft reconnaissance
Supersonic aircraft
High-speed bomber

Strategic bomber

Т
torpedo-boat

Transport aircraft

У
narrow-body aircraft
Training and combat aircraft

Training aircraft

Ш
wide-body aircraft
attack plane
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upstairs