What is the speed of the aircraft at take-off
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What is the speed of the aircraft at take-off

What is the speed of the aircraft at take-off

Phase takeoff is the most complicated and long time process of all aerial vehicles that exist. The process of take-off starts immediately from the moment of the runway the aircraft motion, after which the aircraft were scattered and produces the gap between the web. All of this ends up in height to the transition to flight.

Due to the large number of types of aircraft and their flight characteristics of the aircraft at take-off speeds are significantly different. Logically, easy walking airplane with one engine off will produce much faster and at a lower rate than the huge passenger liner, in addition, they require a different length of the run.

Types of aircraft take-off:

  • One of the most common types of take-off is off the machine with the brakes. With this type of aircraft stands on the brakes, and then accelerates to the desired mode. Field set the desired engine speed released the brakes and start the run.
  • Just make a short stop off the ship on the runway, and the brakes are not used, and the machine dials the desired engine speed directly at the run. Using this method of taking off, the band needed for the run to greater length.
  • Apply rise during acceleration aircraft engines still in the process of taxiing on the runway. This plane does not make a stop and starts to peel off the runway immediately. This engine acceleration option is needed on the ground with a heavy workload, which significantly reduces the time to take off and release strips.

  • There are ups aircraft with special equipment. This method is typically used for military aircraft taking off from the decks of aircraft carriers, which have a sufficiently short runway. When using this ejection system, the system jumps to hold or wheels. Sometimes ups with carriers to establish additional strike aircraft rocket engines that run on solid fuel and give the extra traction.
  • In recent years, military aircraft can have a vertical take-off that eliminates the speed of the aircraft at take-off. At the same time they can be used even on small helipad. The disadvantage of this machine is that the huge amount of

  • Fuel consumption at the takeoff.
  • Due to the existence of the seaplanes take off as possible and with waters of different water bodies.

The speed of the aircraft at take-off is a very important factor for reliable and safe flight. First of all, it should be noted that during takeoff engines are gaining huge momentum to provide the necessary traction. That's the take-off mode is the most complex and difficult for the power plant, which is why in these conditions most often broken engines. Is not it strange that the biggest crash of all time aircraft occurred precisely during takeoff.

Due to all this, each aircraft has specifically prescribed guidelines and rules for take-off unit. Such guidelines may be either common to all aircraft, as well as more specialized for each type of liner. They spelled out the separation speed, maximum take-off weight, noise, and many other factors.

At take-off the aircraft necessary to calculate indicators such as (V1). This indicator shows what stage the run is still possible to produce aircraft stop within the runway. He expects the co-pilot or navigator, taking into account the huge number of factors such as strip the coating type, its slope, climatic conditions, aircraft load and so on.. Sometimes it happens that during takeoff may refuse the engine after passing through the point (V1), in this case, need to continue to rise in the working engines, then make a circle and go to the land.

Yet how to answer the question, what is the speed of the aircraft at take-off, it is impossible, since each machine is different, even the same class of the speed at which it can produce a separation from the runway. Everyone understands that the small sports aircraft will be taking off at a much lower rate of speed than an enormous airliner.

The speed of the take-off of passenger aircraft:

  • Yak 40 - 180 km / h.
  • Tu 154M - 210 km / h.
  • Boeing 737 - 220 km / h.
  • IL 96 - 250 km / h.
  • Airbus A380 - 268 km / h.
  • Boeing 747 - 270 km / h.

These breakout performance for these liners are approximate, because a huge number of factors can affect the take-off speed.

Factors that affect the speed of the aircraft at take-off:

  • The most important factor is the wind direction and strength during takeoff. Headwind helps make aircraft separation is much faster because it gives extra lift.
  • The second important factor is the weather conditions, namely humidity and the presence of precipitation, making it difficult to overclock the machine.
  • The last is the human factor, namely the decision of the pilots of the aircraft at a rate to produce the rise.

All of the above and determines what the speed of the aircraft during takeoff will be for different models of airliners.

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