McDonnell Douglas MD-11
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McDonnell Douglas MD-11

McDonnell Douglas MD-11. Photo. Video. Characteristics. Reviews.

McDonnell Douglas MD11 (McDonnell Douglas MD11) - wide-body jet aircraft far b medium-haul flights.

Aerodynamic configuration is a turbofan trёhmotorny nizkoplan with the location of two engines under the wings and one rear of the fuselage, empennage and odnokilevym with swept wings.

McDonnell Douglas MD11 in fact, is heavily modified, slightly elongated version McDonnellDouglas DC10 with more powerful engines.

Work on the project of the aircraft began 30.12.1986, when the airline company British Caledonian has ordered three aircraft of this type. MD11 was the result of two years of research ways to improve the model, then in production, DC10. The aircraft made its first take-off of the year 10.01.1990, in November of the same year he passed the certification, and the first commercial copy of the Finnair transferred 07.12.1990 aviation company.

McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Salon

McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Salon

The main differences of this aircraft from the DC10 are in the fuselage, increased by the 5,71 meter, the presence of winglets (tips) at the ends of the wings, and the upgraded tail unit. In addition, MD11 equipped the newest cabin on two pilots with an upgraded control system EFIS, displaying all flight information on 6 monitors, also reworked the passenger compartment and installed new engines. MD11 was produced in four versions:

MD11ER (MD11ER) - aircraft with a large radius of the flight,

MD11F (MD11F) - cargo version,

MD11С (MD-11C) is a cargo-passenger version: part of the cabin was allocated for the cargo, and part was occupied by passenger seats.

MD11SF (MD11CF) —is easily transformed into cargo or passenger, depending on the requirements of a particular flight.

McDonnell Douglas also planned several more exotic projects for this aircraft, for example with a longer fuselage length for an even larger number of passengers or cargo. Even offered to install additional seats on the lower deck and special windows, and use this new salon to view the panorama during the flight, but all such options have not found any response from the buyers. McDonnell Douglas in 1996 year wanted to begin work on the project MDXX aircraft, which would have a modified design of the wing. We planned to create two variants of such an aircraft: the first one having a body from the standard MD11 and capable of flying a distance of 15565 kilometers, and the second, with a large fuselage, capable of placing up to 375 people. But this project has not been implemented.

McDonnell Douglas MD-11 interior scheme

McDonnell Douglas MD-11 interior scheme

After the merger of Boeing and McDonnell Douglas in November 1997, the latter announced that MD11 will continue to remain on the industrial line as a predominantly cargo plane. However, Boeing in June 1998 changed its mind. The reason for this, he called the fact that the aircraft is not sufficiently demanded in the saturated market of commercial aircraft. As a result, its production turned. The latest MD11 released 22.02.2001 and transferred to the aviation company Lufthansa Cargo. Total manufactured 200 aircraft.

MD11 congestion on one of the most "heavy" vehicles. ACN Aircraft (ICAO standard setting, which reflects the relative impact of the aircraft on the runway airfield pavement) in the range of up to 56 114 that requires great strength of the concrete runway foundation.

Features McDonnell Douglas MD-11:

Length: 61,21m.

Height: 17,6m.

Wingspan: 51,66m.

Cruising speed: 876km / h (12600m height).

Range of flight:

MD11F: 7242km.

MD11C: 12392km.

MD11ER 13408km.

Maximum speed: 945km / h.

Number of seats: 298 - 323-410mest.

Crew: 2cheloveka.

Engines (3 instance): PrattandWhitney PW4460 (thrust 60000lb) or PrattandWhitney PW4462 (thrust 62000lb) or GeneralElectric CF680C2D1F (thrust 6150lb).

Maximum takeoff weight:

MD11: 273314kg.

MD11F: 280000kg.

MD11S: 280000kg.

MD11CF: 283965kg.

MD11ER: 286000kg.

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