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Messershmitt BF 109 - Luftwaffe fighter aircraft.
Military aviation
Messershmitt BF 109 - Luftwaffe fighter aircraft.

Messershmitt BF 109. Photo. Characteristics. Video.



During the German company in the East, Messershmitt BF 109 was the main fighter aircraft of the Luftwaffe. Despite their small number, they have achieved considerable success in the fighting in the air.

With 1941 years during the Balkan company, the main fighter of the German Air Force was Messershmitt BF 109E. But by the time the attack on the Soviet Union in the Luftwaffe dominated BF 109F, although their number was only 609 machines, plus 57 fighter - bombers.


Messershmitt BF 109 photo

Messershmitt BF 109 - fighter of the Luftwaffe. 232

On the northern and central direction of the front, we had two air armies, who were armed only fighter BF 109E, and the southern sector, 4-five parts of a fleet of fighter planes and BF 109E 109F. This aircraft, by the end of the first day of the invasion, was virtually destroyed by the Red Army 1200 aviation aircraft, both on the ground and in the air.
The main aircraft were Soviet aircraft and 153 and 16. Although they were more manoeuvrable German fighters, but inferior to them in speed and rate of climb. Luftwaffe had air superiority from the very beginning of the war, with virtually no reserves, relying on the quality of the material and the skill of the pilots.

But over time, the number of combat-ready machines began to decline. The situation has worsened due to the transfer from Moscow to the Mediterranean beachhead one Air Force, which consisted of some of the best fighter groups. The German pilots still had the advantage in the number of combat vehicles, but the German industry could not meet the demand of the Luftwaffe fighter command.


Messershmitt BF 109 photo museum

Messershmitt BF 109 - fighter of the Luftwaffe. exhibit

In 1942, the German air units began to move to the fighters BF 109G. This machine had a more powerful engine and developed a great rate, although it has decreased maneuverability. This aircraft appeared in time, as the aircraft entered service with the Soviet aircraft Yak-1And at the end of the year 1942 - Yak-7 and Yak-9.

The appearance of James changed the situation in the air. German aces still dominated in the air, but the scale of superiority began to lean in favor of the Soviet Air Force, as the growing quantitative and qualitative component of the fighter aircraft of the Soviet Union.


Messershmitt BF 109 model

Messershmitt BF 109 - fighter of the Luftwaffe. scheme


Polish PZL against Messershittov

When the Russian Federation Air Force entered into a fight against IGIL and terrorists in Syria, everyone is impressed by the success of our aviation. Point missile-bomb strikes. Video filming provided by the Russian command. Reports on the destroyed bases of militants, bombed caravans with oil, warehouses with weapons and ammunition. The attack from the ships of the Caspian flotilla, long-range aviation, really surprised the whole world. Everyone realized that the Russian armed forces had, in fact, gained in combat power in the last decade. They show excellent combat skills, and excellent possession of weapons and equipment.

All this is true, but considering that in the Syrian war, our videoconferencing using new equipment and weapons, our success is quite natural. Despite the fact that the Tu-95 is not a new aircraft, but because of avionics, weapons control systems, navigation systems are quite on the level 21 century.

A bit of history

In the history of the world wars, for me, it seems more impressive successes, when clearly weaker army, successfully opposed a stronger and more powerful enemies. When the outdated technology, with an old weapon war against well-equipped and trained enemy.

From very recent (by historical standards, of course) of the past, a very impressive look of the battle against the Polish pilots aces Goering with extensive combat experience, and flying on today's powerful machines.

The outbreak of war

Judge for yourself: in August 31 near the border of Poland and nearby airfields were 1-th Air Fleet General Aviation Kesselring and 4-second WF General Aviation Lёra.

A total of about 1800 combat aircraft, of which only fighter Bf-109 different modifications - 197 pieces. The heavy fighter escort Bf-110 95 pieces. And they flew experienced pilots known squadrons such as the famous "Condor Legion" and Jagdgeschwader 54 «Grunherz».

They were equipped with modern fighter Bf-109E, it is only at the beginning of the year 39 arrived in the squadron. Many pilots had experience fighting in Spain and in the "Battle of Britain".


What could oppose the Polish Air Force Luftwaffe.

At the beginning of the war, the Poles possessed 44 142 bombers and fighters. The main fighters were PZL P.7a and PZL P.11. This strut verhneplany with small motors, issued in the early 30-ies.

Imagine these aircraft against Messerschmitts 109-x and 110-x. No need to be a great technician to understand how the machine issued in the early 30-ies, obsolete to 1939 year. And what was the fight to them against the Germans? Speed ​​PZL was at the height of the maximum 390 km \ hour. Do Me-109 573 km \ hour. Although both were armed with about the same weapons, the advantage of a single battle, was certainly on the side of 109-th.

And, nevertheless, they are not only the Polish pilots were flying, and knocked famous aces of the Luftwaffe. The first strike took over the Polish Fighter Brigade. Its two divisions consisted of two squadrons. 111-I, 112-I, 113-123 squadron I had 29 PZL P.11c, P.15a - 15 pieces. There were 10 PZL P.7a exhausted cadets flight schools. Three old connected aircraft were not in the bill.

The first fight took a team at full strength in the morning 6.45, 1 September. After rising to intercept waves of bombers He-111, they engaged in battle with Me-110 cover.


In the first fight was hit P.11c Polushinskogo lieutenant, but the plane was shot down by the Poles Grabmana Major, he was wounded. Later in the day, the team re-entered into an unequal battle with an escort bombers - Me-109.

1 September. German losses. Me 2-109 lieutenant had been shot down and Borowski podhorunzhim Radomski (113 Squadron). Me 2-109 111 squadron downed pilots. Sidorovich squadron commander brought down "Messer", but he was shot down. Lieutenant Colonel Paul rammed a German, he was saved by parachute.

Fighting on such a technically and morally outdated technology, the Polish pilots were not afraid to engage in the Mother of the German pilots flying at high-end appliances.

5 September. 112 squadron pilots downed pilots famous "Condor Legion" Hammesa Major and Lieutenant Berentsa. It was a fighter escort of Me-110. Victory achieved Stzhembosh lieutenant and lieutenant Tsebzhinsky.

Of course, the Polish aircraft carrying countless heavy losses in the battles of September. But not talking about it, and how even the obsolete weapons in the hands of experienced, skilled and brave fighters, it can be very effective even against modern technology.


Messershmitt BF 109 characteristics

Bf 109B-1
Crew, people
Year of construction
Aircraft Length m
Wingspan, m
Wing area, m2
Takeoff weight
Power point
Power, hp
The maximum speed, km / h near the ground
The maximum speed, km / h at an altitude of 4000 m
Rate of climb, m / s
Practical ceiling, m
Flight distance, km
Armed with machine guns MG-17 7,92-mm



Fighters BF 109 participated in all the battles with the Soviet aircraft. They are the latest in a group of JG-3 Luftwaffe aircraft came out of "boiler" at Stalingrad. At the end of the year 1943, in the Kuban, in air battles was attended by about 220 fighters Messershmitt BF 109. They were almost all available aircraft of this type.
But, nevertheless, that the German Luftwaffe in the Kuban were defeated by the first aircraft of the Soviet Union, which resulted in the further course of the war.


Messershmitt BF 109 video


Military aviation