MiG-31 - interceptor

MiG-31. A photo. Characteristics. History.


Fighter-Interceptor belongs to the fourth generation aircraft. The first flight of MiG-31M held December 21 1985 The aircraft has a few modifications, the difference - in the choice of powerplant, armament, avionics. Aircraft design makes it possible to carry out modernization.

The crew consists of two people - a pilot and operator.

Powerplant: two turbojet engine with afterburner turbofan D-30F-6, 9500 kg each thrust without afterburner and 15 500 kg afterburner.


MiG-31 schemeMiG-31 schemeMiG-31 2 scheme


History of creation


Creating a new interceptor, the MiG-31 60 began in the late-ies in the Yakovlev Design Bureau. Mikoyan. Chief Designer at the first stages of the design of the aircraft was AA Chumachenko. Later, he was replaced on the post of GE Lozinski. Having position in the development of the "Buran" Gleb Paton replaced Vasil'chenko Konstantin.


During the development, it was planned to significantly increase the combat capabilities of the aircraft, using the latest electronic equipment, such as a phased passive antenna array. The MiG-31 structure was based on the MiG-25 airplane, but it assumed the capacity of the crew of two people - the navigator and the pilot, the places for which were placed in the fighter in the "tandem" scheme. The first test flight of the new MiG-31 was made by test pilot AV Fedotov 16 September 1975. A full test of the combat and combat capabilities of the fighter began 22.05. 1976 year and ended at the end of 1980


At the armed MiG-31 with Class F-33 6.05.1981 missiles was adopted, the


At the heart of the aircraft fire control system of the MiG-31 is pulse-Doppler radar device with a passive phased array antenna. This aircraft was the first fighter in the world, equipped with PFAR, and remained the only production model with 1981 2000 on till receipt on Rafal weapons. MiG-31 - single interceptor, capable of long-range missile launch by yourself. Also, the fighter is able to capture objects moving at speeds of over 700 km / h.


The chemical composition of the body of the aircraft 50% steel, 33% aluminum alloys and titanium 16%.


Engines MiG-31


The aircraft is equipped with modular engines D-30F6 developed on the basis of civil-D 30, which was completed in the Tu-134 (1967 g) with a nozzle and an afterburner. The afterburner chamber of the engine fuel injection method is used "fire lane". When testing the engines was noticed vibrogorenie inside the afterburner. To resolve this problem, install the fifth joint collector. The engine is made of alloys of nickel, iron and titanium. Dry weight of the engine - 2416 kg.


MiG-31 engine


The onboard radar system MiG-31


The MiG-31 fighter is equipped with electronic warfare devices for infrared and radar ranges. The aircraft is ready to carry out combat missions with the support of an automated ground digital control system (ASU "Rubezh"). The system can perform coordinator support with target guidance and provision of coordinates simultaneously with 4 aircraft, with the distance between fighters can reach up to 200 km. MiG-31 is a one-of-a-kind aircraft that easily intercepts low-flying small-sized cruise missiles. Such abilities make the MiG-31 not an ordinary interceptor, but a permanent combat unit in service in the headquarters of the Air Force and Air Defense.


MiG-31 1 engine


Range of flight


MiG-31 equipped with four missiles and two drop tanks, missiles reset halfway and external fuel tanks at the end of their production, is able to fly away in 3000 3 km per hour 38 minutes.


The duration and range from crop PMK, without external fuel tanks and missiles:

  • not including missiles, 2480 km - distance, 2 44 hours min. - Duration;

  • 4 missiles lowered halfway, 2400 km - distance, 2 35 hours min. - Duration;

  • Rocket 4, 2240 km - distance, 2 26 hours min. - Duration.


MiG-31 photoMiG-31 2 photo




After the release of the first MiG-31 various modifications were made fighter:

  • MiG-31 B - production aircraft equipped podzapravki system in the air, arms became 1990 year;

  • Mig-31 BC - upgraded to MiG-31B, not including post podzapravki in the air;

  • MiG-31BM - upgraded model year 1998, modern fighter aircraft, designed specifically for the Russian Air Force. Before 2020 planned improvement in terms of radar detection range goals before 320 km and simultaneous tracking of up to 10 aircraft;

  • MiG-31D - experimental model can carry anti-satellite missile 79M6 "Contact";

  • MiG-31I - fighter that can launch a small spacecraft;

  • MiG-31M - modernization of aircraft 1993 with enhanced radar, avionics and armament;

  • MiG-31F - universal tactical fighter-interceptor designed to destroy ground targets (radically new equipment);

  • MiG-31 PV - export model MiG-31BM;

  • MiG-31E - export aircraft with lighter avionics;

  • MiG-31DZ - production aircraft, which is equipped with a system podzapravki in flight (different from the MiG-31B home to the refueling boom, and some differences in the structure of the cab);

  • MiG-31BSM - modernized fighter 2014 on the basis of the MiG-31BS podzapravki without rods in the air.


MiG-31 photo front


Operation MiG-31


The first planes were adopted in defense of 1980 1981 And ​​he began their serial production in Gorky. In the first series was released 2 aircraft, in the second - 3, in the third - 6. Meant for all flight tests. The new fighter-interceptors on arms air defense arrived in 1983 of these models were placed on military bases in Pravdinsk and Savaleyske. MiG-31 replace outdated Tu-128 and Su-15.


New interceptors in September 1984 he entered the military base in the Far East - on. Sakhalin ( "Sokol" airport).


Series production of the MiG-31 stopped in 1994 500, the more combat units were produced during this time.


MiG-31 used during the second war in Chechnya over the airspace of the Chechen Republic.

MiG-31 photo rise

Currently being upgraded interceptors MiG-31BM that are in service, the first two came off the assembly line in 2008 In the same year the government ended the flight tests of modernized aircraft. According to the words of the country's leadership of the Armed Forces, 60-31 Moment will be upgraded to version BM, 40 - modifications to the RS and the BS, 150 pieces. write off from service.


In August 2014, after visiting the aircraft building plant in Nizhny Novgorod Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin received a proposal to resume production of the legendary fighter.


Accidents and Disasters MiG-31


  • 20.09.1979, airfield Akhtubinsk - the emergence of a fire engine because of a fuel leak. The plane is completely destroyed. The crew consisting of pilot and navigator ejected.

  • 1984 g, airport "Sokol" (Sakhalin) - two accidents. The first caused the death of the crew, while the second - a successful bailout on the airfield.

  • 20.12. 1988, at the airfield Semipalatinsk - a fire in the left engine and an unsuccessful landing in adverse weather conditions. The death of the entire crew.

  • 26.09.1990, at Monchegorsk - crash after take-off from the loss of the crew.

  • 12.07.1996 g, airport Komsomolsk - during landing with a disabled engine collided with the ground navigation system. The pilot died during ejection.

  • 15.06.1996, at the airfield Komsomol - the death of the pilot due to loss of control over the height.

  • 05.05.2000 city - the collapse of the MiG-31 in the Arkhangelsk region.

  • 01.05.2005 city, Tver region - the MiG-31 came down the runway and burned in a fire. The pilot and navigator survived.

  • 16.02.2007 city, Kazakhstan - wrecked fighter fatal to the crew.

  • 10.03.2010, at the airport Kotlas (Arkhangelsk region.) - During a landing strip on the MiG-31 overturned. Damage is estimated at 86 million. Rubles. The pilot and navigator had numerous injuries.

  • 19.10.2010 city, Perm region - hit the plane in snap state due to technical faults. Wreckage - 60 km north-east of the airfield. The crew ejected safely.

  • 06.09.2011, at airport B. Savino (Perm region) - a disaster within a few minutes after takeoff. The crew managed to save the lives of not.

  • 23.05.2013 city, Karaganda region. - Accident during training flights, the cause of which is considered an engine failure. The crew was able to eject.

  • 14.12.2013, in 26 km from Vladivostok crashed MiG-31D3. There were no victims.

  • 04.09.2014 was - in the course of training did not work the landing gear system. The pilot and navigator were seriously injured, but survived.


MiG-31 cabin

MiG-31 cabin


The performance characteristics of long-interceptor MiG-31:


  • Wingspan, m 13,46

  • Aircraft Length m 22,69

  • Aircraft height, m ​​6,15

  • Wing area, m2 61,60

  • Takeoff weight, maximum: without outboard fuel tanks, kg 41

  • Take-off weight, maximum: with two outboard tanks, kg 45 500

  • Weight is normal takeoff, kg 36 800

  • Empty aircraft weight, kg 21 820

  • Mass of fuel in domestic tanks, kg 15 500

  • Combat load,maximum, kg 3000

  • Speed, maximum, km / h 3000 (2,83M)

  • Speed ​​at low altitude, km / h 1500

  • Cruising speed M = 2,35

  • Practical ceiling, m 20 600

  • Range with external fuel tanks, 3020 km

  • Distillation range with outboard fuel tanks, but unarmed, km 3300

  • Combat range with four P-33 guided missiles (0,85M), km 1200


MiG-31 photo

MiG-31 photo


Armament MiG-31:


  • four missiles P-33;

  • six air bombs KAB-1500

  • eight KAB-500

  • Gun setup with sextuple gun GSH-6-23M (23 mm).

  • You can use other weapons. The combat load is 9000 kg.


Military aviation


Why is the disaster that occurred in 1984 and which took the lives of two wonderful people not indicated, without whom the MiG-31 would never have been!?! These people are the chief pilot of the A. I. Mikoyana A.V. Fedotov (holder of many records and international awards, such as the FAI Gold Medal, honored test pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union) and test navigator V.Zaitsev. It is simply impossible not to mention these people, mentioning this plane, especially if the name of A.V. Fedotov is already mentioned in this article! Also, the article contains a lot of errors or typos, but both are unacceptable for this kind of sites! A solid resource like the name too, but such "punctures"? Also not indicated is the emergency landing of the MiG-31, which was made by the crew of test pilots V. Menitsky (piloted the plane) and V. Ryndin. I draw attention to this incident, because this is the only case of a MiG-31 landing in history, not only on the ground (this is not the main thing!), But also with inoperative engines! There were no more cases that ended well! And here the pilots remained intact (V. Menitsky, after the death of A. Fedotov, became the chief pilot of the OKB) and the plane remained intact, only received minor damage and was quickly restored. It would be necessary not to describe such a unique case. And by the way, one of the illustrations shows the MiG-31M, and the characteristics of the usual 31st. Some flaws, amateurish, no offense of course!

These models were placed on military bases in Pravdinsk and Savaleyske.

Read more on: http://avia.pro/blog/mig-31-istrebitel-perehvatchik
Not Savaleysk and Savasleyka

Designed based on the MiG-25-31 MiG was created for use in fighter aircraft air defense units.
unique SUV (arms control) such as "Barrier" has been specially developed for the new fighter-interceptor. The principle of operation is the simultaneous review of the horizon, accompanied by several purposes and shelling.
Using the automatic information exchange equipment for the first time allowed to coordinate the operation of interceptors in a group flight. Even in the absence of full radar monitoring, the complex based on single or discrete information allowed to accomplish the task. Such actions allowed to increase the radius of the monitored space, to redistribute tasks and targets, to transfer data to other MiG-31 groups. In practice, only the "thirty-first" could fire at once for several purposes, effectively hit objects that are moving at extremely low altitudes, including cruise missiles.
The collapse of the Soviet Union nearly destroyed the MiG-31 program but still upgrading already existing aircraft continued. Changes in the political environment required to accelerate this work. It is also expected to match in terms of the economic feasibility of re-entry and the subsequent completion of additional number of machines with the full-scale resumption of production of the MiG-31BM.

Air defense forces of the country had air defense fighter aircraft.
And not fighter units.
Fighter aircraft had fighter interceptors

Very best, I have always been interested in airplanes, and especially instant-31


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