NAMC YS-11
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NAMC YS-11

NAMC YS-11. A photo. Video. Characteristics. Reviews.

NAMC YS11 -turbovoptovaya Japanese airliner for lines of medium and small length. Nihon Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation was produced and developed by a consortium. The first analog flight was made in 1962 year. Serial production was carried out in 1962 — 1974, produced by the 182 aircraft.

The Ministry of International Industry and Trade of Japan in the late 1950-x wrote the requirements for the design of the aircraft to replace on the domestic air lines Douglas DC-3. The consortium for the production and design of this aircraft includes enterprises Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Shin Meiwa, Fuji Heavy Industries, Japan Aircraft Industry Company and Showa Aircraft Industry Company; The consortium formed in 1959 was named NAMC.

This multipurpose aircraft began to develop Japanese aircraft manufacturers in 1954 year and eight-year period of design has undergone many different changes, including how to design and technically. Initially it was assumed that the airplane will have exclusively the character of a passenger aircraft, but, in the course of drafting, it was decided to provide also the possibility of transport on this plane and all kinds of goods, which in the long run, and will make this a very popular aircraft.

The first flight of this aircraft was carried out in August 1962, however, not meeting all the expectations of the leadership of the aircraft company, as well as representatives of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, on whose initialization the development of this project began, the aircraft was sent for additional refinement, where he was still in for three years, and only in 1965, the aircraft was able to perform its first commercial flight, from which began the history of operation of the aircraft.

NAMC YS-11 photo

The NAMC YS-11 aircraft is equipped with two Rolls-Royce Dart Mk.542-10K turboprop aircraft engines, each capable of developing thrust in the 3030 hp, which provides the aircraft with a high payload, as well as a sufficiently high cruising speed, which is dependent from modification, about 454 km \ h. The maximum flight range of the NAMC YS-11 cargo airliner is also quite acceptable, being on the order of 2200 kilometers, which made it possible to use it on regional airlines of medium length.

Cabin NAMC YS-11

Depending on the modification, as well as the layout of the cabin, the aircraft NAMC YS-11 can accommodate up to 64 passengers, and if the plane was supposed to operate as a vehicle, the on board could accommodate up to 8900 kilogram payload that it is also quite satisfactory.

The aircraft NAMC YS-11 8 produced in basic versions:

  • NAMC YS-11 - the primary prototype of the aircraft used in the test flight in the 1962 year;
  • NAMC YS-11-100 - Basic production version of the airplane;
  • NAMC YS-11A-200 - modification with increased maximum take-off weight;
  • NAMC YS-11A-300 - Utility version of the aircraft, divided into the passenger compartment and cargo hold;
  • NAMC YS-11A-400 - A modified transport version of the aircraft;
  • NAMC YS-11A-500 - modification of the 1970 of the year, which is a passenger version with an increased maximum take-off weight;
  • NAMC YS-11A-600 - passenger-and-freight modification of the NAMC YS-11A-500 version;
  • NAMC YS-11E - special modification with improved power installation.

Today turboprop airliners are in limited use, however, continue to provide the performance of all tasks assigned to them, regardless of whether the carrying freight, or just transporting passengers.

Exploitation

The aircraft was operated extensively on domestic and imported lines of Japanese abroad. Bred in Japan to 2006 of operation.

It is noteworthy that a pair of YS-11A put for export. This YS11A was built in 1968 year for ALA Argentine aviation company. In it, it was used under the registration number LV-JII, until it was sold in 1981 to the airline Mid Pacific Air from the USA, which used the aircraft until 1988 in Hawaii.

NAMC YS-11 plane

Greek "Olympic Airlines" was the only operator YS11 in Europe, although its aircraft soon went to the Greek Air Force.

Based on the YS-11A with extended takeoff weight models designed cargo, including YS11A200 "Combi", which is capable of carrying or cargo, or passengers. Cargo version is 400-Series, cargo - 600-Series with much greater take-off weight. All YS11A, -400, -300, -600, -500 planes were on the port side cargo door in the converted cargo planes and some others.

YS-11 used not only civilian airline - a large number of aircraft bought the Japan Self-Defense Forces.

JA8611 was the first of the NAMC YS11. He took off 30.08.1962. The initial version of the developer has not met expectations, primarily due to low power Rolls-Royce Dart engines.

The second analogue YS11, it is similar in appearance to the British Hawker Siddeley HS748. aircraft service in the regional aircraft Japanese company has received a long - last plane written off in the year 2006.

Sales in the US market initially went badly - only Hawaiian Airlines leased three aircraft. "

"Piedmont Airlines", American Airlines acquired 22 instance, but in the mid-80's they were replaced by DHC8.

The main customers of YS11 in Japan are aviation companies JDA, "Toa" and "All Nippon". The airline "Toa Domestic Airlines", formed by the merger of JDA and "Toa", was renamed "Japan Air Systems" and used aircraft up to 2000-x.

YS-11A-400 - modified specially transport-military aircraft. Under the code YS-11C, it was delivered to the transport aviation wing of the Japanese Air Force. The squadron of the Air Force, which was stationed in Iruma, received an 3 of the YS11, which were then changed into EW training aircraft and were given the name YS11E. Six more copies of the aircraft with the name YS-11T were used by the Japanese Navy self-defense as training for the training of crews of anti-submarine aircraft P-2J Neptune. And not all airplanes are written off, no less than 13 airplanes are being exploited to this day. The Greek Air Force used the same aircraft for calibration work.

Specifications NAMC YS-11.

  • Crew: 2 person;
  • Passenger: 64 people (depending on version);
  • aircraft Length: 26,3 m .;
  • Wingspan: 32 m .;
  • Plane Height: 9 m .;
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 14600 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Payload: 8900 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 23500 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 454 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 525 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 2200 km .;
  • Maximum flight height: 6982 m .;
  • aircraft engine Type: Turboprop;
  • Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Dart Mk.542-10K (depending on version);
  • Power: 2 × 3030 hp (Depending on version).

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