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OAO Nizhny Novgorod Aircraft Plant Sokol

OAO Nizhny Novgorod Aircraft Plant Sokol

Aircraft building plant "Sokol" - Aircraft organization based in Nizhny Novgorod.

Is rayonoobrazuyuschim now Nizhny Novgorod (about it formed the Moscow region of Nizhny Novgorod). Quite a large stake in the company "Falcon", namely 38 percent owned open akuionernomu Company "United Aircraft Corporation".

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In the 1929 year, Kanavino and Sormovo along with other settlements (Burnakovka, Karpovka, Molitovka, Kostariha, and others) became part of Nizhny Novgorod. Zarechny district of Nizhny Novgorod, in the period of "industrialization", became a platform for building new and expanding existing plants.

21.10.1929 of the Year The Council of Defense and Labor of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics adopted a decree on the construction of an aircraft factory number 21 in Nizhny Novgorod. At that time, it was supposed to be not only the “... most important of all aircraft factories existing in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, but also one of the largest aircraft-building factories even among foreign ones”.

A new aircraft factory was built in the western part of the city, between the rivers Levinka and Berezovka, in the wasteland, surrounded by numerous forests and swamps, between Sormovo and Kostarikha, near the villages of Ratmanikha, Knyazhiha and Gornushkino. Unlike the one located seven kilometers south of the Gorky Automobile Plant, which was launched at the same time with resonance and fanfare, the enterprise was immediately classified. Nothing wrote newspapers about construction. The factory buildings were hidden by dense thickets and were not visible either from the Moscow Highway or the Gorky-Moscow railway, along which foreigners could move.

Because of confidentiality apparently there was no indication on the true purpose of the plant under construction. The workers, who had just arrived reported that the plant will produce special products, and those who knew what was happening, signed a nondisclosure agreement. Aircraft Factory was not subordinate to the local party and government organs, so the mention about it almost never found in the archives of any executive committee or the Gorky Regional CPSU (b).

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Construction of the plant officially began on 02.05.1930, under the direction of. Muratova A.M. 04.05.1930, the foundation of the main industrial building was launched in a solemn atmosphere. The construction program of the working village was approved at the same time as the construction of the plant. In view of the introduction of C-30 into the work of the State Mobilization Plan, all construction work requiring tremendous efforts was extremely accelerated. To 01.07.1931, the enterprise was supposed to become operational. The task was finally solved.

In accordance with the construction schedule, the priority tasks were the construction of harvesting and preparatory workshops, the secondary priority was the construction of assembly workshops, airfield facilities, auxiliary and service buildings. The experience of building plant number 21 in the future was also used in the construction of other aircraft factories. The plant was designed for the main release in peacetime, about two thousand aircraft. At the very beginning it was supposed to produce an I-3 (single-seat fighter), a P-5 (reconnaissance aircraft, and a K-5 (passenger aircraft).

Aviation Plant No. 21 officially began its work 01.02.1932, although many objects and buildings at that time were not yet completed. The first phase included six workshops (woodworking, tool, copper-dural, mechanical, metalwork and repair) and dryers for aviation wood. The constructions of a factory erected in the rush of five-year plans were often not marked by high quality. For example, an 21.02.1934 emergency occurred: the roof of a woodworking workshop collapsed, all rooms were filled up with debris over an area over 4 thousand square meters, two people were killed, ten were injured.

Falcon products plant

Twenty-nine-year-old young specialist Miroshnikov Eugene was appointed the first director of the plant. The design bureau of the plant was organized on the basis of a specially formed 07.03.1931 of the Moscow branch of the design and drawing department of the plant No. 21. In the future, it was replenished with graduates of the Nizhny Novgorod Technical School of the civil air fleet. The drawing and design department, whose employees actively practiced and practiced in Moscow design offices and at Moscow aircraft factories, moved (in April 1932 of the year, after the launch of the enterprise) to Nizhny Novgorod. In 1933, for foreign specialists working under a contract and oriented towards the Nizhny Novgorod Aviation Plant, the Intourist Hotel was built on Teatralnaya Square in the city center.

A former city airport was used as a factory airfield. It was located north of the Moscow highway. In the interests of confidentiality it strictly instructed to call "Training Osoaviahima airfield." It was built flight test station for domestic service airport ,.

Falcon main building

1932-1945 years

The first aircraft, the launch of which was launched at the 21 plant, is the biplane fighter I-5. The first aircraft was assembled at the factory in August 1932. The 661 I-5 aircraft was produced in 1932 - the first half of 1934 of the year, another twenty fighters were made in a double-seat training version. The plant in the process of improving production faced significant problems: the discrepancy between the planned tasks and the present production capabilities, the low level of quality of raw materials and components, the shortage of labor and its low qualification. In view of all of the above, the quality level of the aircraft was far from ideal. The total production of aircraft factories of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1933 reached a record amount in 4116 of various types of aircraft, most of them were the U-2 and P-5 biplanes. The percentage of the aircraft factory number 21 was only eight percent, that is, 312 aircraft ..

In 1936, the company was given a new name in honor of Ordzhonikidze Sergo - “Ordzhonikidze Sergo Plant”.

By order of the People’s Commissar of Heavy Industry Ordzhonikidze Sergo from 23.03.1936, the head of the aircraft factory No. 21 was notified that he would soon have to organize the production of another fighter - I-16: “ the activities of the plant, organizing the mass production of more complex aircraft. ”Production of the 1934 (high-speed fighter) began in the 21 year. The first prototypes of the I-16 were tested in action by Valery Chkalov, Hero of the Soviet Union and the chief pilot of the plant from 1934 to 16.

1945-1992 years

At the 1948 — 1949 plant, the first jet La-15 serial fighter produced by OKB-301 under the guidance of S. Lavochkin (built 189 copies) was produced.
The plant in 1949 started close cooperation with OKB-155 under the leadership of Mikoyan A.I. NAZ “Falcon” is still known today as a manufacturer of MiGs.
At the factory from the year 1949 1952 produced fighter MiG-15bis (built 1784 instance) and its reconnaissance version MiG-15Рbis (built 364 instance).
The plant from 1952 to 1954 produced the MiG-17 fighter a year, and from 1955 to 1957 the first supersonic serial Soviet fighter MiG-19 produced the year.
Serial production MiG-21 It was launched in 1959 year. He became the most popular supersonic fighter in the history of world aviation.
Production interceptor MiG-25 was adjusted from 1969 to 1985 years. At the same time, it is also the first all-welded aircraft in the history of aviation.
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