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OAO Nizhny Novgorod Aircraft Plant Sokol

OAO Nizhny Novgorod Aircraft Plant Sokol


Aircraft building plant "Sokol" - Aircraft organization based in Nizhny Novgorod.

Is rayonoobrazuyuschim now Nizhny Novgorod (about it formed the Moscow region of Nizhny Novgorod). Quite a large stake in the company "Falcon", namely 38 percent owned open akuionernomu Company "United Aircraft Corporation".

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In 1929 year Kanavino and Sormovo, along with other settlements (Burnakovka, Karpovka, Molitovka, Kostarikha, etc.) were included in the Nizhny Novgorod. Zarechny district of Nizhny Novgorod, in the period of "industrialization", became a platform for construction of new and expansion of existing plants.

21.10.1929, the Council of Labor and Defense of the USSR adopted a decree on the construction of an aircraft factory number 21 in Nizhny Novgorod. At the time he was supposed to be not only the "... significant of all existing in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics aircraft factories, but also one of the largest aircraft manufacturing plants, even among overseas."

The new aircraft plant was built in the western part of the city, in the interfluve of the rivers Levinka and Beryozovka, in the wasteland, surrounded by numerous forests and swamps, between Sormovo and Kostarikha, not far from the villages of Ratmanikha, Knyazhikha and Gornushkino. Unlike the car factory located seven kilometers south of Gorky, launched at the same time with resonance and pomp, the enterprise was immediately classified. The newspapers did not write anything about the construction. The factory buildings were hidden by dense thickets and were not visible either from the Moscow Highway or from the Gorky-Moscow railway, by which foreigners could move.

Because of confidentiality apparently there was no indication on the true purpose of the plant under construction. The workers, who had just arrived reported that the plant will produce special products, and those who knew what was happening, signed a nondisclosure agreement. Aircraft Factory was not subordinate to the local party and government organs, so the mention about it almost never found in the archives of any executive committee or the Gorky Regional CPSU (b).

Falcon Works

Construction of the plant was officially launched under the leadership of 02.05.1930 years. Muratova AM 04.05.1930, commenced the foundation of the main industrial body in a festive atmosphere. Program approved construction of the camp at the same time with the construction of the plant. In view of the introduction to the work of "C-30» - State mobilization plan, all construction work that required tremendous efforts have been boosted by the maximum. By 01.07.1931 the company was to be in force. The problem was eventually resolved.

In accordance with the planned schedule of construction priorities were construction procurement and training workshops, vtoroocherednymi - construction of assembly plants, airport facilities, auxiliary and service buildings. Experience of construction of the plant № 21 in the future was also used in the construction and other aviation plants. The plant was designed for the main issue in peace time about two thousand aircraft. In the beginning it was supposed to produce and-3 (single-seat fighter), P-5 (reconnaissance aircraft and K-5 (passenger aircraft).

Aviation plant No. 21 officially launched its work 01.02.1932, although many objects and buildings at that time were not yet completed. The first stage consisted of six shops (woodworking, tool, copper-dural, mechanical, metalwork and repair) and dryers for aviation wood. The construction of the plant, built in the haste of the five-year plans, was often not marked with high quality. For example, 21.02.1934 happened an emergency: the roof of the shop for woodworking collapsed, all the premises were filled with debris in an area over 4 thousand square meters, two people were killed, and ten were injured.

Falcon products plant

Twenty-nine-year-old young specialist Miroshnikov Eugene was appointed the first director of the plant. The design bureau of the plant was organized on the basis of specially formed 07.03.1931 Moscow branch of the design and drawing department of the plant No. 21. In the future, he was replenished by graduates of the Nizhny Novgorod technical college of the air civilian fleet. The drafting and design department, whose employees were actively trained and practiced in the Moscow design bureaus and in Moscow aviation plants, moved (in April 1932, after the launch of the enterprise) to Nizhny Novgorod. In 1933, for the foreign specialists working under the contract, and focusing on the Nizhny Novgorod aircraft plant, the "Intourist" hotel was built on Teatralnaya Square in the center of the city.

A former city airport was used as a factory airfield. It was located north of the Moscow highway. In the interests of confidentiality it strictly instructed to call "Training Osoaviahima airfield." It was built flight test station for domestic service airport ,.

Falcon main building

1932-1945 years

The first aircraft, the launch of which was launched at the 21 plant, is the I-5 fighter bomber. The first aircraft was assembled at the plant in August 1932. 661 I-5 was produced in 1932 - the first half of 1934 year, twenty more fighters were executed in a two-seat training version. The plant faced significant problems in the process of production improvement: the discrepancy between the planned tasks for the present production facilities, the low level of quality of raw materials and components, the shortage of labor and its low qualification. In view of all of the above, the level of aircraft quality was far from ideal. The total production of aviation plants of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1933 reached a record amount in 4116 of various types of aircraft, mostly biplanes U-2 and R-5. At the same time, the percentage of the aircraft factory No. 21 was only eight percent, that is, 312 aircraft ..

Enterprises in 1936, the new name was given in honor of Sergo Ordzhonikidze - "Sergo Ordzhonikidze Factory."

By order of the People's Commissar of Heavy Industry Ordzhonikidze Sergo from 23.03.1936, the aircraft factory manager 21 was informed that he will soon have to organize the production of another fighter-I-16: "In the second half of 1934, a very important task is assigned to the aircraft factory No. 21 by the government decision: Operation of the plant, organizing mass production of more complex aircraft. "The production of the I-16 (high-speed fighter) began in 1934. The first prototypes I-16 tested in action Chkalov Valery, Hero of the Soviet Union and the main pilot of the plant with 1934 for 1938 years.

1945-1992 years

The plant v1948-1949 years produced the first jet fighter La serial-15, created by OKB-301 led Lavochkin SA (built 189 copies).
The plant in 1949, began close cooperation with OKB-155 led Mikoyan AI NAZ "Sokol" to this day is known as a manufacturer of MiGs.
The plant with 1949 1952 year on manufactured MiG-15bis (built 1784 instance) and its reconnaissance MiG-15Rbis variation (built 364 instance).
Plant with 1952 1954 year for releases MiG-17, and since 1955 1957 of the year - the first serial Soviet supersonic MiG-19 ,.
Serial production MiG-21 It was launched in 1959 year. He became the most popular supersonic fighter in the history of world aviation.
Production interceptor MiG-25 It was established by a 1969 1985 years. At the same time it is also the first in the history of aviation-welded aircraft.
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