Pantsir-С1 photo
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Armor-С1

Pantsir-С1 (at the development stage it was designated “Tunguska-3, GRAU index - 96K6, according to NATO codification - SA-22 Greyhound, translated from English“ greyhound ”) - Russian self-propelled sea-based and ground-based SPM.

History of creation

The development of mobile air defense systems for the Russian army is a priority task, given the conditions and conditions of the Russian military doctrine. First of all, it concerns the creation of a complex to counter drones, aircraft and ground vehicles.

Pantsir-С1 photo 1

A striking example of this approach was the development of the Pantsir-C1 rocket-gun complex.

Pantsir-S1 photo parade

The development of air defense systems goes along with changes in aviation. Onshore had to respond to the creation of air vehicles of a perfect design, and they started developing means to counter powerful air attacks.

Carapace-C1 rocket shot

Given the improved designs of helicopters and airplanes, the emergence of UAVs carrying ammunition and long-range cruise missiles, in the XXI century, the threat to ground troops from the air has become particularly acute. To cover strategic facilities and ground units, the Russian army will use a variety of mobile air defense systems, a prime example of which is the Pantsir-С1 air defense system. The history of its formation into service consists of several stages, which we describe below.

  • The first stage - 70-s. XX century - the beginning of the development of "Pantsir-C1", the capabilities of which would allow to successfully combine cannon and rocket weapons. For this purpose, ground forces used mobile air defense as anti-aircraft weapons. The stationary systems were armed with rocket weapons, but they could not provide reliable cover for military equipment and personnel on the march. But, thanks to a combination of guns and rockets, it was possible to increase the combat power of the complex and increase the versatility of the system. The complex was named "Tunguska". But, despite the arsenal of weapons from the missiles and the thirty-millimeter cannon of the ZRPK, the Pantsir-S1 could not fire with missiles on the march, but only by visual contact with the enemy, which reduced the detection range and hitting the target.

  • Middle 80's With the advent of cruise missiles, as well as weapons with high-precision electronic stuffing, the Tunguska complex could not provide reliable protection for equipment and troops. In 60% of cases, Tomahawk army missiles struck army units in a theoretical strike simulation. As a result, the characteristics of the Pantsir-С1 air-defense missile system with a low range, height of defeat and target detection needed to be upgraded. The engineering design bureau has begun to improve the system, taking into account the needs of the Soviet army.

  • A new prototype called the "Tunguska-3" appeared in 1994 year. The complex was installed on a wheeled chassis variation of the BAZ or KamAZ to increase mobility and reduce the cost of construction. However, the Ministry of Defense was not interested in this system, since they considered the height of the destruction of the target in 10 km and the range of destruction in 12 km insufficient to launch it into mass production and subsequent adoption. The complex was used only as an exhibition copy at weapons exhibitions, and also as a promising model of military equipment of the future.

  • 2002 year - representatives of the UAE military have expressed interest in technology. But at the same time, they demanded in contact the system refinement. Based on the prisoner contact, the UAE army was supposed to get 50 systems, but allocates funds for upgrading the system. Then all the main units and components of the complex were changed. Deliveries ended in 2009.

  • 2012 Year - The Pantsir-C1 ZRPK was adopted by the Russian army. Signed a contact for the manufacture and supply to the army of 38 systems for the 2016 year.

  • 2016 year - a new modernization "Pantsir-С2" from KB engineering. He was supposed to replace the short-range air defense systems "Tunguska".

Pantsir-S1 shot

The main differences in the characteristics of “Pantsir-С1” from other complexes

The main differences of the Pantsir-1 air defense system are as follows:

  • The combination of gun and rocket weapons. Foreign manufacturers divide the air defense system into anti-aircraft and rocket (first removed from service, as outdated). But modern conflicts in Iraq, Syria and Libya proved the high effectiveness of cannon armaments against light aircrafts - the UAV, it is too expensive and ineffective to shoot drones, and using a queue of several shells allows the complex to massively destroy such targets.
  • Regular light chassis on the basis of the tractor. It provides a high speed of movement on the highway, as well as cross-country patency with the troops on the march.
  • The modular design of the chassis and the complex allows you to install other weapons, retrofit the complex with additional modules. The stock of the system upgrade is quite large.

Armor-С1 Syria dug

Modifications

During the development and operation of the characteristics of the complex "Pantsir" experienced significant changes.

  • 1994 year - the creation and construction of a prototype of the shell 1. The first product was made on the chassis of a regular army of the Urals.
  • 2005 year - after a ten-year break, a prototype of the Pantsir-С1 air defense missile system with the designation ZPRK 96K6, which KamAZ-6560 acted as the chassis, was demonstrated. The serial model had the following characteristics - two guns: the 2А72 and eight 57E6E missiles, as well as an optical weapon control system. The export vehicle was designated E. A characteristic feature is the MAN-SX45 overseas chassis. In the role of the main armament of the air defense missile system is used Zour-9М311, taken from the complex "Tunguska". Pantsir-С1 BM 72 - the complex is made with the BAZ chassis. The system in the Arctic version received the CA index. The DT-30 transporter is used as a chassis. Ammunition consists of eighteen missiles. In fact, Pantsir-SM is a modification of the complex with an improved detection station, as well as target tracking. Detection range - 75 km, and the defeat - to 40 km.

Pantsir-S1 characteristics

"Pantsir-С1" in service

Currently, "Pantsir-C1" is in service with ten countries. The UAE Army has a stock of fifty installations, which were delivered to them as part of the contact, starting from the 2003 year. Algin-38 units “Pantsir-E” has an equally impressive supply of systems (the export set cost 13,5 million dollars).

Pantsir-S1 rocket

As for Russia, fifty sets of different modifications are in service.

Active deliveries to the army of Syria and Iran. The countries of South-East Asia are interested in purchasing the system.

Pantsir-S1 super photo

Application of ZRPK "Pantsir-С1"

The complex received combat use during the conflicts in Syria and Iraq.

Iraq. Used by the Iraqi army. As a result of the attack of the Islamists on the Iraqi military units in 2017, using the UAVs, the C1 armor complex was involved. Of the eight targets, all were hit with cannon armaments; the casualties among the Iraqi military were not.

Armor-С1 23234

Syria (Avibaz Khmeymi). ZRPK used by the Syrian army, the Russian Aerospace Force. The attack on the Syrian airbase in the 2017 year, on which the Russian air force was based, was carried out using UAVs that carried explosives, 80 aerial targets were destroyed by electronic warfare (EW) from 40, and 30 targets were suppressed by the Pantsir-C1 complex using rocket and cannon weapons. The airbase received no damage from the enemy.

Armor-С1 go to beat the enemy

The main tactical and technical characteristics "Pantsir-С1":

  • Ammunition - 12 missiles, 1400 shells.
  • The range of action - 20 km.
  • The mass of the missile warhead - 20 kg.
  • Deployment time - 5 minutes.
  • Crew - 3 person.
  • The number of accompanied targets - 20.
  • The maximum height of destruction of targets - 15 km.
  • Reaction time is 4-6 seconds.
  • Detection range - 36 km.
  • The height of the lesion - 15 km.
  • The minimum height of the lesion - 5 m.
  • Caliber - 30 mm.
  • The range of gun armament - 4 km.
  • The weight of the projectile - 840 grams.
  • 8000 barrel endurance shots.
  • The dispersion area is 2 square meters.
  • The number of antennas - 3.
  • Field of view - 2 mode.
  • Pointing speed - 100 degrees per second.

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