Causes of the crash in Kazan
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Causes of the crash in Kazan

Plane crash Boeing 737-500 airlines Tatarstan in Kazan airport

24.12.2015: International Aviation Committee (IAC) in the investigation of the crash of Boeing 737-500, which took place in Kazan in November 2013 years and claimed the lives of 50 people revealed systemic weaknesses in the work of crews, airlines and aviation authorities at all levels, according to the final report of the organization published on its website.

"The cause of the crash Boeing 737-500 VQ-BBN were systemic weaknesses in the identification of hazards and control the level of risk, as well as non-functional safety management system in the airline and lack of control over the level of training of crew members from the aviation authorities of all levels (Tatar MTU BT , Federal Air Transport Agency), which has led to the admission to the flight crew unprepared ", - the report says.

November 17 2013 years. Boeing 737 the airline "Tatarstan" made the usual flight from Moscow to Kazan. In slang for pilots, this is the so-called “short” flight. In the air, the plane was supposed to be just 1 hour 20 minutes. At the helm - crew commander Rustem Salikhov. Next to him is the co-pilot - Victor Gutsul. Onboard there was a passenger 44. Among them is the son of the President of Tatarstan Irek Minnikhanov. Also this flight was headed by the head of the FSB in the republic, Alexander Antonov. The wife and daughter of the famous sports commentator Roman Skvortsov flew also on this plane.

The plane made a standard approach. He flew at a speed of 250 km / h. Before the strip, he had about 500 m. At this moment Rustem Salimov said at the ground of an extraordinary situation, and decided to go to the second round. However, to make this maneuver the crew did not succeed. After about a minute the plane swooping angle 70 degrees, hit the ground near the runway. A strong explosion was heard for several kilometers.

After the crash, the fire started. Emergency services worked until the morning. When the fire was extinguished, a group of investigators set to work. Before them was a terrible picture. The plane crashed into the ground with such force that no one could survive. Even from a multi-ton machine, practically nothing was left. Luggage, chairs, pieces of the fuselage - everything was literally crumbled. In this disaster, 50 people died. 44 passenger and 6 crew members.

Causes of the crash in Kazan

People who came to the airport to meet their relatives, friends or colleagues simply froze in horror. No one understood how this could happen.

Witness: Every last hoped for the wrong passenger lists and that their relatives were not on board.

Grief in the republic united all. Since the crash at the Kazan airport, taxi drivers haven’t pulled prices up. On the contrary, they hung signs with the words “To the city for free”, and carried people free of charge. In all mosques and churches, services were held in memory of the victims.

The primary task of the investigators who are investigating the crash is to find the so-called "black boxes". This parametric and voice recorders. They register all the parameters of the flight of the aircraft, as well as negotiations in the cockpit. Parametric recorder found almost immediately, but it was badly damaged. Despite this, he was sent to Moscow for decoding. This important matter was engaging the Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC).

Causes of the crash in Kazan

While the transcript was in progress, investigators studied the records of the airport security cameras. But only the last seconds of the flight are visible on them. On the signal lights and portholes of the Boeing can determine its position. It is oriented vertically, nose to the ground. What triggered it?

In order to get to the truth, experts of the IAC armed themselves with a hammer, chisel and pliers. The protective body of the flight recorder is severely deformed. However, opening the shell, they determined that the device itself is suitable for work. Next was the day of hard work.

November 19 2013, the IAC presented the preliminary result of decoding the parametric recorder. The last minute of the life of the ship and people was recreated according to it. It turned out that the crew, for some reason, could not come in for a landing the first time.

Expert: Kazan International Airport - Airport native of both pilots. To them he was thoroughly known. They came here many times and in different weather conditions. They happened to land the plane and in extreme conditions.

Plane crash in Kazan Photo

plane crash in Kazan Photo

But, at some point, the pilots told the controller that they were going to the second round due to a non-landing configuration.

Expert: When landing configuration provides a certain angle of the slats and flaps. If the pilot reported that he did not have a landing configuration, it means that there was something wrong with the release of mechanization.

However, after investigating this question, the investigators concluded that no failures in work separate units and the aircraft were not. And all mechanization He is working properly. The only reasonable assumption was that during landing ship could carry to the side of the central axis of the runway strong gust of wind. Whatever it was, up to this moment the pilots did everything according to the instructions. The crew disconnected the autopilot and began to approach the second round. The engines were put into a mode close to take-off. The plane began to perk up, or as experts say, "went on to pitch up."

Expert: Due to the action of pitching moment from the thrust, the plane went into the climb, and reached pitch angle in 25 degrees. The climb was too harsh, and the aircraft's speed began to decrease. After that, the crew removed the chassis. No more action, climb, the crew did not take.

Plane crash in Kazan Video

When pilots were inactive, the aircraft in 45 seconds reached an altitude of 700 meters and lost speed at its highest point. Attack angleThat is, the position of the wing to the air flow has become critical. The engine is running, but fly the plane could not. At this point, the pilot tried to align the aircraft that would be the one picked up speed. However, this led to a stall and intensive dive. 20 seconds later, the plane did not just dropped, and flew vertically into the ground with the engine running at a speed of 450 km / h.

In aviation circles, they believe that after the plane went into a dive, the Boeing pilots didn’t have a chance to save the liner.

Judge: There is a point of no return. The plane had lost speed and went into the stall. Bring it to such a low altitude it was impossible.

Causes of the crash in Kazan.

Now, when the experts presented a picture of what happened, they had a question about the qualifications of the pilots. Having investigated their personal affairs, they found out that despite the great experience, commander sat at the helm of not so long ago. Rusetm Salikhov began to develop only in the Boeing 737 2012 year. On that fateful flight first time in its practice, faced with the need to go to the second round. A co-pilot, according to data just two years ago I worked as a flight engineer. It is known that the airline "Tatarstan" had financial difficulties and could not spend much money on the maintenance of the professional level of its pilots. Even in Europe, honestly, because of the financial crisis, companies are trying to minimize the educational training of pilots.

The representative of the trade union of pilots, all airlines are experiencing severe financial pressure. For example, in Germany, pilot training on the simulator before 4 held once a year. However, the reality is reduced to a minimum amount allowed by law.

As for the crashed plane, the first time he took to the skies in the far 1990 year. Before "Tatarstan", he visited the property seven airlines. He flew in France, Uganda, Brazil, Ireland and Bulgaria. Of course, age - not the main thing for the aircraft. The question is, how it operated and repaired in cases of failure. Over the years 23 Boeing crashed into me and repaired much. We know that one day he landed on his belly, and in 2012, during the flight there was a depressurization of the cabin.

In general, statistics is amazing. From 10 to 20, the percent of those killed in air crashes in the world is in Russia. This is despite the fact that passenger traffic in Russia is only 2,8 percent of the world.

The plane crash in Kazan once again pointed to the deplorable state of affairs in Russian civil aviation. In total, 122 air carrier operates in Russia. And it is extremely difficult to control how security measures are implemented in all these companies. It is also worth noting that although the voice recorder from the crashed airliner was found, the MAC has not yet made public its content. What did they say, what did they do, or what did the pilots not do in the last seconds? All the nuances of the collapse of the Boeing 737 airline "Tatarstan" still remain unknown.

  • Date of the crash: 17.11.2013

  • The time of the crash: 19: 24

  • Country air crash: Russia

  • Location of the crash: Kazan Airport

  • Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-500

  • Join the aircraft: VQBBN

  • Aviation company name: Tatarstan

  • Flight: U9363

Chronology of events:

The crew performed a regular passenger flight 363 Domodedovo - Kazan. The attack on this type of the second pilot and the commander were respectively 1943 and 2509 hours (including 528 hours post). Before receiving his pilot certificate, the commander worked as a navigator and co-pilot, as a mechanic.

The weather in Kazan airport for the period from 17.11.2013, 15: 00 (UTC) to 18.11.2013, 15: 00 (UTC) assumed the wind at ground level 9 m / s, 240 °, gusts up to 15 m / s Clear height 210 m scattered solid, 390 m tall cumulonimbus, visibility 10 km, the surface layer of moderate turbulence in the clouds moderate icing at times: light rain, visibility 1200 m, considerable cloudiness height m 120, 300 m significant height cumulonimbus.

Current conditions at Kazan airport at the time of accident: wind 7 m / s, 220 °, gusts 10 m / s, the wind at the height of the circle 16 m / s, 250 °, light rain and snow, visibility 10 km Mostly pannus, stratocumulus, octanes 8, 220 m tall, weak ice in the clouds.

When approaching the aerodrome, the dispatcher informed the crew about the lateral deviation from the axis of the route about 4 km. Requests from the crew for vectoring and offers from the vectorization manager was not. Sunset was performed on the strip 29 (MKp = 292 °), on the ILS (cursor-glide system) in automatic mode. The paired turn 3-4 was executed with a significant "turn". The plane after the exit from the turn turned out to be much more to the right than the course of call. To enter the landing course, the crew took the 250 ° course in the HDG SEL autopilot mode. Upon reaching the equispansed zone, a reduction of about 1000 feet (300 m) above the level of the band in fixed vertical speed mode was performed.

The take-off of the course lighthouse took place at a distance of approximately 2 km from the end of the runway, after which an automatic turn-over to the landing course was performed. In view of the high flight altitude (about 1000 feet), which was maintained by the autopilot in the altitude stabilization mode, there was no capture of the glide path light. After passing the marker lighthouse, the crew, having analyzed the position of the aircraft in relation to the strip as "non-landing", reported this to the dispatcher and started a TOGA Traction Control for a second-round approach. One of the two autopilots that was involved in the approach procedure was automatically deactivated and further flight was made in manual mode. The engines started at the rated mode (~ 83% on N1), which was saved almost to the collision with the ground plane. The crew from the position 30 ° removed the flaps to the position 15 °. Under the influence of the tuning moment, which arose due to the cleaning of the flaps and increased thrust of the engines, the aircraft entered the climb, the pitch angle became approximately 25 °. The instrument speed began to decrease, the stabilizer, apparently, automatically began to shift to the dive mode. The crew cleaned the chassis.

From the beginning of the missed approach to the second round, the crew did not take any active actions with regard to the helm of the aircraft. The total duration of radio communication with the dispatcher from the start of the missed approach was approximately 16 seconds. After dropping the speed from 278 km / h to 231 km / h, the crew at the pitch angle 25 ° began the control with the steering column to reduce the pitch angle, which caused the climb to cease, the descent of the aircraft and the increase in instrument speed. The lowest recorded value of the instrument speed was 117 nodes (217 km / h, the maximum height of 700 m above the level of the strip (in accordance with the approach scheme, when taking a second round, it is necessary to occupy the height of the circle 500 m).

The greatest angles of attack during the flight were no longer operational limitations. The aircraft intensively began to descend from a height of 700 m. The EGPWS signaling (advanced system for warning of proximity to ground) was triggered by PULL UP and SINK RATE. There was not a big deviation of the steering wheel for kabrirovanie, vertical overload went into negative values. The plane with the earth collided with a high speed (more than 450 km / h) and a large negative pitch angle (about 75 °). From the moment of the beginning of the missed approach to the end of the recording, 45 seconds were recorded, the decrease was about 20 seconds.

Then there was a collision with the ground, which took place at night, in 19: 24 local time (15: 24 UTC) strip between 11 / 29 and the main taxiway (approximately 1850 meters from the runway span 29) plane is completely destroyed and burned partially. Killing all aboard.

Power plants have been in the labor movement up to the collision with the ground plane. Single commands that characterized the engine failure, units and systems of the aircraft, have been identified on the basis of the preliminary analysis.

Data on victims:

  • Total on board were people 50: 6 44 crew members and passengers. Total killed 50 people: crew 6, 44 passengers.

Details of the crash:

  • Phase of flight: a missed approach

  • Identified causes of the crash: an investigation

Data on the plane:

  • Type of aircraft: Boeing 737-500

  • Aircraft ID: VQBBN

  • The country in which the registered aircraft: Bermuda

  • Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 18.06.1990

  • The serial number of the aircraft :: 24785 / 1882

  • Hours aircraft: 51547

  • The cycles of use of the aircraft: 36595

  • Engines: 724225 724607

Flight data:

  • Flight: U9363

  • Tour type: Regular passenger

  • Aviation Company: Tatarstan

  • The country, which was registered aviation company: Russia

  • I flew from Moscow (Domodedovo)

  • Flying in: Kazan

  • Original item: Moscow (Domodedovo)

  • A final point: Kazan

Additional information:

Information about the crew:

  • KBC Salikhov Rustem Gabdrahmanovich

  • copilot Victor Nikiforovich Gutsul

  • senior flight attendant Nuria Dafiyatovna Zarifullina

  • Flight Inga Rafailevna Garifullina

  • Flight Stanislavovna Olga Kabanova

  • Flight Damir Fardatovich Khaydarov

Plane Crash

Avia.pro

Truth can not say, but it is a violation of st.29, p.4 Constitution. Our citizens do not have the right to know! The voice recorder will not be published! The reason is clear to all. Diamond Boy "... went on a business trip for his bank ..." it was published in some media. Night with 16 17-e on he spent in Moscow ... club. Recently, the club have covered a lot of things found.
FSB general should follow the guy (uncle served), and he himself in his cockpit door opened - it wanted the child to frolic ... no other reason for the crash.

Absolute truth, we all know what happened. What is the "mu .... to the" son of a senior official just decided to steer! It is easiest to blame everything on the pilots.

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