Reasons past accidents and disasters
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Reasons past accidents and disasters

Reasons past accidents and disasters

Statistics of the latest aircraft crashes and depresses. Behind the sensational death of a Malaysian Boeing near Donetsk, two more major plane crashes went unnoticed. 23 On July, a Trans Asia Airways ATR72-500 aircraft, a GE222 flight operating a local flight in Taiwan, Kaohsiung-Makung, hit a typhoon and crashed. The human crew 4 and passenger 54 died. The next day, July 24, hitting a hurricane, breaks the MD-83 of the Algerian lines. Flight AH5017, Ouagadougou-Algeria falls in the Gosi desert, Mali. 6 crew members and 110 passengers died. And on July 8, a Vietnamese military helicopter crashes, killing 16 people.

The sad statistics for only one summer month:

Just think, 453 people have been killed in such a short time!

So what to do?

Do not fly at all?

Let's try to understand the causes of air crashes in general terms. The plane, unlike the other, of any type of transport carries a very large number of people in one flight. And of course the accident of such a large vehicle is associated with a large number of victims. Although according to statistics, air transport is the safest mode of transport. And the chance to die in an accident on an airplane is 0,000001%! And do you feel safe leaving the house in the morning and taking public transport? After all, only in Russia, for 2012 a year, 27953 (!) People died on the roads. This is about 2300 people per month!

But the crash attracted the attention of simultaneous deaths of large numbers of people. And thanks in part to the media.

So what are the causes of recent accidents and disasters?

Causes of accidents and disasters of recent 2

first, That it is necessary to note, of course, the human factor. About 70% of incidents in the world practice occur through the fault of people. This of course, pilots' mistakes. Physiological, psychological state, constant stress state. All this leads to a small mistake, which, in turn, leads to a chain of fatal events, spontaneously developing. Incorrectly made decision in a complex situation, poor preparation for this type of aircraft, neglect of instructions, and rules of piloting. Here is an incomplete list of pilots' mistakes. Many forget the simple truth that all instructions and instructions and recommendations in aviation are written in blood. And they are not accepted for the sake of an official-tyrant. Most often, a combination of many factors leads to tragedy. Unfamiliar terrain, bad weather, a small experience of extreme situations, loss of concentration.

But the human factor should be attributed, and works other services, air traffic controllers, aircraft.

In aviation there are no trifles, and badly closed door, or Underturned nut can lead to disaster.

Terrorism can also be attributed to the human factor. After all, the cause of the tragedy became a man.

Second factor, which accounts for the remaining 30% of accidents - equipment failure. This is all kinds of damage, purely technical nature, not related to negligence of staff. Any technology has the ability to break down, everybody knows. But when and why ...? This can be attributed to all sorts of problems with the fuel. Hardware problems. All, probably, well remember the famous landing of Tu-154, in an abandoned military airfield. The plane is completely denied piloting instruments due to problems with the power returns.

And no one has yet canceled the “90 seconds” rule. These are the first 90 seconds of takeoff and climb. Landing is also one of the most difficult parts of the flight. No wonder, often, the passengers clap commander, after a neat and soft landing.

All plane crashes have long been divided into major categories. But not for nothing, each of them is investigated by a special, intergovernmental, aviation group. Indeed, in each of the tragedies there is a detail that has become fatal. Which led to the chain, the snowball of uncontrollable events. Each disaster, properly studied, paradoxically, increases the level of safety in the world.

third factor in aircraft accidents, and can be considered as the element of natural disasters. Typhoons, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions. Good memorable example of the eruption of the Icelandic volcano, which paralyzed for a long time missions in this part of the world.

Causes of accidents and disasters of recent 3

There are unsolved incidents. But in most cases, the exact cause of the tragedy cannot be established because of the crash of the plane into the oceans. Or the so-called "disappearance" of the aircraft. As in the case of the Malaysian Airlines board, the MH370 flew to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur. He disappeared from the 8 radar screen this March. Onboard the Boeing 777-200ER there were 12 crew members and 227 passengers. The plane is considered to be missing, and all the people on board are dead.

In conclusion, we give an expert opinion in the field of air crashes specialist, founder B3A site (BUREAU OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT ARCHIVES)

- "Civil aviation today is very safe. But we should understand that the risk of collapse of the non-zero and will remain the same in the future ... "

About frequent plane crash:

- "To be honest, it's just a rough patch. Ordinary Incidents occur every 2-3 days, but such a big disaster, fortunately a rarity. "

About the belief that the plane will not fall:

- "This can not say no. When you get in your car, you do not know, she gets into an accident or not. It should be a bit fatalistic. "

Fly, you soft landings!

Valery Smirnov specifically for Avia.pro

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