Rocket X-29L
Military aviation
Rocket X-29L used in Syria on Russian bombers

The Defense Ministry told of rockets that are used in Syria on Russian bombers



Grouping strike aircraft of the Russian Federation carries out air strikes on the positions of Syrian fighters controlled by a high-precision missiles X-29L. This newly spokesman aerospace forces, Colonel I. Klimov.


In particular, he said that the missile X-29L has a laser seeker. After the start-up missiles "air-surface" to highlight the purpose of the pilot can defeat special laser sight, and he continue to carry out the maneuver in an airplane.

Kh-29L 2

Launch X-25 (NATO classification AS-10 Karen) was put into service in the early 80-ies. The design was very successful, and in the course of serial production has remained almost unchanged. Over time, the missile was equipped with all the newer, improved homing (GOS).

Depending on the modification of the missile systems equipped with:

  • Semi-active laser seeker (base).
  • Active radar homing (A-25 MA).
  • The advanced laser-guided (X-25 ml).
  • Passive radar (X-25 MP).
  • TV guidance system (A-25 M, MTV).
  • Thermal GOS (A-25 ICC).

Such a large number of options for missile guidance systems X-25, allows you to quickly vary its types, depending on the specific tasks.

Modifications of the missiles have high-explosive fragmentation warhead (warhead) mass of 86-136 kg. Modification of the rocket with the index "MP", has increased the range of start-up, compared with the previous versions (40 10 km km against the previous versions).

The missile has hit a target accuracy of plus or minus 2 meters. Also, it can cause increased fragmentation factors and explosive action.

X 29L set bombers Su-34 и Su-24. The weight of one of a half-ton rocket.


According to information published by the Lebanese newspaper Al Akhbar, after Russian airstrikes on the Syrian city of Raqqa, declared by the Islamic State as its capital, militants began to evacuate their families to the city of Mosul, located in Iraq and also under their control. Leaving no room for repeated air attacks, the terrorists moved into residential areas, leaving their headquarters. Also, the radicals reduced the number of patrols in the captured city.

Kh-29L 34343

After three days, since the beginning of the Syrian operation successfully attacked the Russian aviation group 50 objects IG. This was announced a day earlier, Colonel-General A. Kartapolov.

The Russian Aerospace Forces with 30.09 in Syria are conducting a military operation against ISIS terrorists. The Russian Air Force acts on the basis of an order from President Putin, who agreed to help the Syrian leader Bashar Assad. 

Kh-29L 2323

In the cockpit, on the TV screen, the image appears immediately after the capture of the target seeker. Highlighting goal is automatic.

The missile was tested in a number of military conflicts, which have proved effective as a means to fight against the hardened facilities.

During the fighting in Afghanistan, precision, modernized Kh-29, fell at the entrance of the caves, breaks through the concrete-strengthening, destroying warehouses, bases and firing points.

During the Iran-Iraq war, Iraqi MiG-23BN and Mirage F-1, used rocket cracking runways opponent. And as for the destruction of bridges, oil terminals and other strategic infrastructure.

The main disadvantage of a high-precision missiles X-29, is the difficulty in capturing the target warhead in poor visibility conditions. Small radius of action, which is why the plane has to go to the zone of the effective action of the enemy air defense systems. Clouds, smoke, fumes greatly reduces the quality of the GOS.

Despite all these shortcomings missile X-29 and its modifications considered the most successful development of the Soviet period. And today, as we see in the news, in good weather conditions, successfully applied in Syria. The accuracy of hitting the target of 1-2 meters.

Since the beginning of 90-ies in Russia were the development of a new missile of this class. In 2007 year's air show MAKS was presented showpiece missiles.

In 2012, the missile X-38 put into service.

The main difference from X and X-25-29, up greatly increased the resources assigned to the rocket. Increased uptime of equipment operating time. Increased summer. Number withstand takeoffs and landings with the carrier. Significantly increased service life of missiles. Now it is 10 years.

On a family of missiles X-38 may establish different homing warhead and that greatly expand its scope, and makes it almost universal for the class. If the suspension under rocket attack helicopters, it is equipped with an accelerator that allows you to dial the required starting speed.

Added letter codes to launch major titles mean modifications installed homing.

  • MAE is - active radar homing
  • MFE - thermal GOS
  • MBE - laser seeker
  • FEM - a satellite navigation system GLONASS

The first three modifications of the Kh-38 equipped with a high-explosive charge or penetrating charge.

Increased 40 km distance to a possible missile launch, it allows you to make a start without going into the core actions of enemy air defenses. What makes the X-38 more secure in terms of combat use.

Selecting different GOS, it allows you to quickly complete strike group aircraft most suitable types of missiles, depending on the tasks.

X-29 (HC index BBC - 9-A-721, classification DoD NATO AS-14 Kedge (Rus. Stop anchor)) - Soviet / Russian aircraft precision missile of class "air-surface" short range. Designed to destroy fortified targets, such as reinforced concrete structures, bridges, concrete runway strip posadochye, ships with a displacement of up to 10 000 tonnes and submarines on the surface.

In the development took part in several Soviet experimental design bureau - the NGO "Lightning" and the NGO "Vympel". Adopting in 1980 year. Currently, it produced and modernized corporation "Tactical Missiles".


Characteristics of the Kh-29L

  • factory index: product 64
  • year of entry into service: 1980
  • GOS: semi-active laser 24N1
  • Engine: single-mode solid propellant

Combat performance    

  • minimum launch range, km: 2
  • the maximum launch range, km: 8-10
  • The circular error probable, m: 3,5-4
  • medium speed, km / h: 600-1250
  • the minimum height of the application, km: 0,2
  • the maximum height of the application, km: 5
  • the maximum flight speed, m / s: 720
  • average flight speed, m / s: 250-350

Weight and size characteristics    

  • length mm: 3900
  • Diameter, mm: 380
  • wingspan, mm: 1100
  • rudders swing, mm: 750
  • starting weight, kg: 660
  • type of warhead: high-explosive penetrating, explosive permeation
  • Warhead weight, kg: 317
  • BB weight kg: 116
  • the size of the shipping container, m: 4,5 0,9 X X 0,86
  • the weight of the starting container, kg: 1000


  • ejection device: AKU-58, AKU-58-1, AKU-58AE
  • Media: Su-17, Su-24, Su-25, Su-27, Su-34, Su-27M, Su-37, Su-35S, Su-39, MiG-27, MiG-29, MiG-31BM, MiG-35, Mirage F-1

Economic indicators    

  • unit cost: $ 6500 

Not an article, but some kind of porridge. All in a heap. We started with the fact that the Russian Aerospace Forces in Syria are using the X-29L. Then they suddenly jumped to a description of the X-25 and its modifications, then jumped to the X-38 ... And in the article there is not even a single photo of the X-29L, only the X-29T has 2 photos. The article resembles a letter from Uncle Fyodor to his parents from the "Prostokvashino" m / f, where everyone and everybody put their hand (paw) to writing, and each about his own ...


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