Sinai war
Military aviation
Sinai War. The war in the Sinai Peninsula.

Sinai war.

By 60-th years of the last century, the Arab world was divided into two opposing sides. The reason was their attitude towards Israel. On the side of Egypt were Iraq and Syria, longtime adversaries of Israel, and confronted them, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. But while preparing the first, Israel had started their pre-emptive strike.

On the morning of June 5, the 1967 of the year, the 40 aircraft of Israel’s aircraft made an ordinary training flight over the Mediterranean, but were seen by Egyptian radars. But the fighters of Egypt were not raised into the air. But after about 15 minutes of flight, ten groups of four Israeli Air Force Mirage and Super Mirage airplanes struck targets at nine airfields in Egypt. Having bombed, the group of aircraft went away, but it was replaced by another one.

"Super Mirage"

Mirage Sinai War
So during 3 hours, about 300 Egyptian aircraft were destroyed. These were mainly Soviet-made airplanes: MiG-17,19,21, Su-7,IL-28 and Tu-16. The main blow was aimed at Israelis Squadron Tu-16, as these machines can carry cruise missiles. Two squadrons of Tu-16 Israelis failed to destroy.

Tu-16

Sinai war the 16
Within a few hours Lebanon, Iraq, Syria and Jordan entered the war. Jordanian aircraft began to bomb Israeli airfields, and its artillery operated on other runways - the landing strip of the Israeli Air Force.

Switching to the Jordanian Air Force, Israel destroyed 17 from the 18 Hunter aircraft, comprising all of the Jordanian air forces. Syria, the Israeli air force attacked in the daytime, immediately after the attacks on Jordan. The Syrian bases Seikale, Dumeirah, Damascus, Marge Riala were attacked. During the same day, the Israelis attacked the Egyptian radar stations in Sinai, and along the Suez Canal, as well as at airfields in Cairo, Luxor and Helwan.

The war in the Sinai Peninsula.

The army of Egypt was heavily dependent on its aircraft, and having lost the third part of the Air Force on the first day, on the orders of Field Marshal Amer retreated into the country. Seeing this, the Israelis launched a tank attack on the Egyptian army, seizing key Mitla and Giddi mountain passes leading to western Sinai. Also were surrounded by Egyptian troops in the east of the country.

The command of the army of Egypt decided to throw into battle the last MiG-21But almost all of them were destroyed.

MiG-21


In the north, battles were fought first by aviation. The Iraqi Air Force X-NUMX attacked the industrial areas of Netanya, but was shot down. But the Israeli Air Force suffered losses in 16 aircraft, in heavy combat with Iraqi Hunter aircraft.

Over the next four days, several clashes occurred between the opposing sides' aircraft. Jordanian pilots shot down an Israeli 3 aircraft.

But by June 8, the fighting in Sinai ceased, as the Egyptian aircraft could no longer withstand Israeli aviation, and the UN decision stopped the June 9 military operations. But Israel continued its attacks on the Golan Heights, and stopped them, destroying the planned targets.

Israel won the war and secured the region. They destroyed Egyptian 286, Syrian 54, Jordanian 22, Iraqi 20 and 1 Lebanese aircraft, while losing their 45 to 60, as well as 30 pilots. But the conflict between Arabs and Jews was not settled, and this war showed a balance of power in this region.

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