"Sopwith" "Camel". Photo. Characteristics
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"Sopwith" "Camel". Photo. Characteristics

"Sopwith" "Camel". Photo. Characteristics

United Kingdom

A type: Single single-engine biplane fighter

Crew: one pilot

The most famous British fighter. World War I aircraft "Camel» (Camel - Camel) was also the most successful by the number of victories achieved by its pilots - to destroy aircraft and 1294 3 aircraft carriers. Designed by Herbert Smith plane "Camel" was the first purpose-built fighter with two synchronized machine guns "Vickers".

Bactrian fairing covering the breech guns, really gave the foundation for a unique nickname fighter that just like its predecessor - the plane "Dad" has gone from the informal to the formal name of the nickname. Despite the fact that the plane "Camel" was distinguished in battle fearsome reputation, strict management of the fighter had caused a bad impression not enough trained pilots newcomers. Nevertheless, we built about 5500 aircraft.

The car company "Sopwith" came not only in the Royal Flying Corps on the Western Front, but also in national defense as a night fighter and aviation services the Royal Navy as a special modification 2F1. Six genuine aircraft "Camel" survived to 1990-ies, but flies only one - tail number V6291 (based in the US), though there are many flying replicas.

"Sopwith" "Camel". Photo.

Basic data

Dimensions:

  • Length: 5,72 m
  • Wingspan: 8,53 m
  • Height: 3,59 m

The weight:

  • BLANK: 421 kg
  • Maximum take-off: 659 kg

Aircraft performance characteristics:

  • Maximum speed: 182 km / h
  • Flight duration: 2,5 hours

Power point: "Clerjus" 9V, "Bentley» BR1 or "Ron"

Power: 130 l. from. (96,6 kW)

Date of first flight: 22 декабря 1916 года

The remaining airworthy modifications: F1 «Camel»

On right: The only true flying aircraft "Camel" flew in the UK in 1993-1994 years before was sold to an American collector.

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