A special kind of attack aircraft
A special kind of attack aircraft

Assault Aviation



A special kind of attack aircraft, there is only a part of the Italian Air Force and the US; in other countries, the problem of attack aircraft assigned to the fighter, bomber and reconnaissance aircraft even.

It must be emphasized that, despite the absence of a specific type of attack aircraft, the use of assault action has paid off in the last war, but because they find wide application in the future.

Appointment attack aircraft: a) attack on the airfields and enemy ground troops with machine-gun, cannon fire and bombs; b) bombardment facilities operational, tactical logistics, defensive structures in fortified areas, railway stations, roads and trains on them, as well as military ships and vessels of all types.


Attack aircraft, depending on the situation with the act of shaving, small and medium height both in horizontal flight and dive. Select the height and method of attack in each case will depend on the quality of the material of the aircraft and weapons, anti-aircraft and fighter to counter the enemy, attacked the nature and objectives of the terrain and weather conditions.

Assault aviation

Auxiliary aircraft are included in the Air Force, the more varied than is economically stronger than the state and a large role for the BBC in a future war.


The most common types of aircraft:

  • a) transport - for different purposes (for transportation of troops, military goods, sanitary evacuation); in peacetime has a permanent staff and part of the states with large and "turbulent" colonial possessions, which often erupt uprising and is a never-ending "small war" (Italy, USA, England, France); .The war in the air forks can be replenished in a short time due to the civil aviation, so that the latest development in time of peace is of great importance;

  • b) Operating representing small flying workshops;

  • c) fotosemochnaya (US);

  • d) communications;

  • d) sanitary.

The main purpose of attack aircraft is to perform combat missions with strafing and low and medium altitudes, and with extensive use of attack dive.

Assault Aviation finds its major application in cases where the required surprise attack and hit accuracy. The objects of its actions are the living forces of the enemy, means struggle, and objects that have military or political and economic importance.

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By all means attack aircraft are the bombs of various types and calibers, chemical warfare agents, cannon and machine-gun fire. In most cases, attack aviation apply massive action. The peculiarity of its action consists in combat missions mainly on very low altitudes.

Assault Aviation Command is in the hands of a powerful, highly mobile and maneuverable combat means for the application of sensitive air strikes.

Attack aircraft working both independently and in cooperation with the ground forces vehicles with other types of Air Force, helping them according to the situation and the nature of the tasks.

  • a) prevent the haul and the approach of the enemy to the field of battle and destroy them in military and army rear;

  • b) directly support the troops attack the enemy in different periods of the battle;

  • c) to break the connection and control of the enemy by destroying the headquarters, centers of wire communication and radio stations;

  • d) to combat air and sea (river) assault, destroying their s initial position, in a way, during the landing, and during activities in our territory;

  • e) disrupt the enemy's rear, stopping rail traffic, destroying the way of road transport, destroy supplies in warehouses, plants and so on. n .;

  • e) destroy enemy aircraft at its airfields, destroying depots and air bases;

  • g) participate in repelling attacks major enemy bomber connections.


Action Zone attack aircraft

Assault Aviation applied directly over the battlefield and in the rear of the enemy.


Subordination attack aircraft

Assault aviation is a means of commanding the armies and fronts, to which it is subordinated through chiefs (the Air Force.) Such subordination makes it possible to use it most fully and expediently, massing in the most important directions.

To enhance the impact or increase the resistance of ground connections infantry (cavalry motomehvoysk) past supported the assault aircraft, which operates in the tactical interaction with them directly over the battlefield, while remaining subordinate to the army command and performing the tasks of commanders to maintain the connection within the prescribed Aramaic command standards departures.

In rare cases, temporary reassignment parts commanders of attack aircraft, but not below the corps commanders.

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Objects attack attack aircraft

When the assault aviation operational objectives, targets its actions are:

  • 1) railways, railways - Stretches (destruction of individual sections), railway bridges (destruction), armor, military and freight trains (the device crashes), railway junctions, line stations, supplies, salaries (disruption of railway traffic, (obstacle haul reserves and means of struggle, as well as evacuation);

  • 2) Force the enemy - base, airfields and material part of them;

  • 3) industrial enterprises, military warehouses and other facilities with military or politico-economic significance (mines, oil fields, power plants, elektromagistrali etc.);

  • 4) emplacements ground-based air defenses, covering troops, airfields, railway junctions and important logistical facilities;

  • 5) engineering structures on the rear operating abroad;

  • 6) -like sea landings during the approach and landing at;

  • 7) air assault during their landings;

  • 8) enemy operational reserves suitable to the front.

When the assault aviation tasks in cooperation with the ground forces the objects of its actions are:


In an offensive battle:

  • a) defensive zone opponent, which attack aviation owes a series of successive attacks inhibit the production of defensive works during the approach of his troops;

  • b) front line of defense that it suppresses, increasing their exposure to artillery attacks in the preparation of his infantry;

  • c) artillery, tanks, reserves and isolated pockets of resistance, the actions of which it inhibits, destroys and upset during an attack by infantry and the front edge of the battle in the depth of the enemy's defensive zone, and when you enter into battle tank reserves Combined Arms Senior Chief;

  • d) a rear defensive zone opponent - after breaking the main defensive zone of the enemy, the enemy interdiction exercises and strengthen it;

  • d) headquarters, communication lines and radio, where it contributes to the destruction of disorder control of the enemy;

  • e) the way supply and evacuation, the rear institutions, transports and dumps in the fight, disrupting and destroying the rear of the enemy's military assets.


During a meeting engagement:

  • a) columns of the enemy on the march, especially his artillery and tanks during their counter-attacking approach independently and in cooperation with their tanks;

  • b) the enemy artillery during its deployment and firing positions;

  • c) the enemy tanks on the waiting position;

  • d) flanking columns of the enemy during the fight;

  • d) headquarters and the rear of the enemy.

  • In a defensive battle:

  • a) columns of the enemy at the approach of scoring, band;

  • b) certain groups of the enemy during the production of their counterattacks before the front edge;

  • c) the main enemy force in the area of ​​concentration (mainly tanks and artillery) during the production of artillery counter;

  • g) level of an enemy breakthrough at the beginning of their counter - angering them by cutting off the trains included in the breakthrough;

  • d) enemy tanks after breaking through their anti-defense zone.


When the persecution:

  • a) suitable enemy reserves;

  • b) extending columns of troops (especially artillery and tanks); and transports;

  • c) bridges, crossings and gorge on the escape routes in the rear;

  • g) concentrations of troops (on vacation, at the crossings and gorges);

  • d) to prepare lines of defense.


When you exit the battlefield:

  • a) the most nasedat troops of the enemy group (especially tanks) that prevent separation;

  • b) the enemy forces that threaten output ka escape routes;

  • c) the enemy artillery;

  • d) airborne assault.


Fighting attack aircraft against moving targets and carrying out surprise attacks require the most detailed and accurate intelligence. In doing so, they must give their full assistance to all razdelyvatelnye funds available to the Combined Arms Command headquarters.

When the actions of attack aircraft to dress up the number of aircraft, construction, construction of the combat mission and the choice ofweapons determined by the nature of the object. Attack of some objects require small number of aircraft, but the effect of these airplanes should be systematically repeated, sometimes even within a few days (the destruction of railroad hauls); Some objects (infantry, cavalry, mechanized parts, airports with aircraft) require one, but powerful attack massive attack aircraft with appropriate means of destruction.

From weapons attack aircraft in their attacks apply:

  • a) fragmentation bomb, explosive, chemical and incendiary;

  • b) underwing and nadkrylnye machine gun batteries;

  • c) the front machine guns;

  • d) turret machine guns;

  • d) various smoke devices.


The imperialist countries pay great attention to the use of persistent and non-persistent agents, but still the main means of destruction are the bomb shrapnel to defeat live targets and fragmentation, high explosive and incendiary to destroy the material part and fixed objects.

Selection and calculation of weapons (aircraft and bombs) zavisyat- on the size and nature of the target (length and width) and available bombs (type and size).

Machine-gun fire as compared with fragmentation bombs less effective.

Trains and trains especially advantageous to attack in the recesses, on bridges and rounded where the device crashes facilitated specifications. Calculation on the train, in motion: a link to the crash, the squadron for the collapse and destruction of human composition.

When attacking airfields and air bases of the enemy to destroy materiel (aircraft) the choice of weapons depends on the time of day (night machine gun fire is less suitable). The density of the lesion should be a big bomb to pieces, and the devastating effect of the blast wave, even in indirect contact firmly blocked all the space allocated to aircraft.

When attacking the airfield in order to damage the airfield, high-explosive bombs are used, with the calculation of the destruction of an area of ​​a certain size in order to prevent organized mass combat flights. Such an attack pursues the task of temporarily neutralizing aviation stationed at this aerodrome and is usually timed to the time when it is particularly advisable for the troops or the air force to turn off the enemy's air defense, at least for 2-8 hours. For the damage of the airfield "size 600 X 600 / and one squadron in 10-12 aircraft, dropping each 500-600 kg of explosive (10 or 12 bombs in 50 kg) is enough. The duration of the inactivity of the aerodrome is increased by the use of chemical bombs that hamper the reconstruction work. The very infection of the airfield with poisonous substances does not prevent the aircraft from flying off the aerodrome when using gas masks and technical equipment.

When exposed to the enemy's defenses during the approach of his troops and artillery preparation before the start of the offensive requires a number of successive attacks on individual sites of defense. The attack is carried out by small units: the firing of machine guns and bombarding the area of ​​small shrapnel 6oivii6aMiH.

For smoke-screens are used smoke bombs and smoke-generating devices. Smoke, curtains placed to mask its troops, navy ships and fixed objects from both the ground and from the air attacks. Smokecurtains can also be used to blind the enemy and attacked samomaskirovki. The possibility of setting both vertical and horizontal smoke screens.


Military aviation