A special kind of attack aircraft
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A special kind of attack aircraft

Assault aviation

A special kind of attack aircraft, there is only a part of the Italian Air Force and the US; in other countries, the problem of attack aircraft assigned to the fighter, bomber and reconnaissance aircraft even.

It must be emphasized that, despite the absence of a specific type of attack aircraft, the use of assault action has paid off in the last war, but because they find wide application in the future.

Appointment attack aircraft: a) attack on the airfields and enemy ground troops with machine-gun, cannon fire and bombs; b) bombardment facilities operational, tactical logistics, defensive structures in fortified areas, railway stations, roads and trains on them, as well as military ships and vessels of all types.

Attack aircraft, depending on the situation with the act of shaving, small and medium height both in horizontal flight and dive. Select the height and method of attack in each case will depend on the quality of the material of the aircraft and weapons, anti-aircraft and fighter to counter the enemy, attacked the nature and objectives of the terrain and weather conditions.

Assault aviation

Auxiliary aircraft are included in the Air Force, the more varied than is economically stronger than the state and a large role for the BBC in a future war.

The most common types of aviation:

  • a) transport - for various purposes (for transportation of troops, military goods, sanitary evacuation); in peacetime, in permanent staffing there are in states with large and “restless” colonial possessions, where uprisings often break out and an ongoing “small war” (Italy, USA, England, France); in time of war this aviation fork can be replenished in a short time at the expense of civil aviation, as a result of which the development of the latter in peacetime is of great importance;

  • b) Operating representing small flying workshops;

  • c) fotosemochnaya (US);

  • d) communications;

  • d) sanitary.

The main purpose of attack aircraft is to perform combat missions with strafing and low and medium altitudes, and with extensive use of attack dive.

Assault Aviation finds its major application in cases where the required surprise attack and hit accuracy. The objects of its actions are the living forces of the enemy, means struggle, and objects that have military or political and economic importance.

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By all means attack aircraft are the bombs of various types and calibers, chemical warfare agents, cannon and machine-gun fire. In most cases, attack aviation apply massive action. The peculiarity of its action consists in combat missions mainly on very low altitudes.

Assault Aviation Command is in the hands of a powerful, highly mobile and maneuverable combat means for the application of sensitive air strikes.

Attack aircraft working both independently and in cooperation with the ground forces vehicles with other types of Air Force, helping them according to the situation and the nature of the tasks.

  • a) prevent the enemy forces from approaching and approaching the battlefield and destroying them in the army and army rear;

  • b) directly support his troops with attacks by the enemy in various periods of combat;

  • c) disrupt the communication and control of the enemy through the destruction of staffs, wire communication centers and radio stations;

  • d) to fight against airborne and sea (river) landings, destroying them from their original position, en route, during landing and during actions on our territory;

  • e) disrupt the work of the enemy's rear, stopping rail transportation, destroying the routes of road transportation, destroying supplies in warehouses, stations, etc .;

  • e) destroy enemy aircraft at its aerodromes, destroy warehouses and air bases;

  • g) participate in the reflection of raids by large enemy bomber formations.

Action Zone attack aircraft

Assault Aviation applied directly over the battlefield and in the rear of the enemy.

Subordination attack aircraft

Assault aircraft is a means of commanding armies and fronts, to which it is subordinated through commanders (Air Force. Such submission allows it to be used most fully and efficiently, massaging in the most important areas.

To enhance the impact or increase the resistance of ground connections infantry (cavalry motomehvoysk) past supported the assault aircraft, which operates in the tactical interaction with them directly over the battlefield, while remaining subordinate to the army command and performing the tasks of commanders to maintain the connection within the prescribed Aramaic command standards departures.

In rare cases, temporary reassignment parts commanders of attack aircraft, but not below the corps commanders.

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Objects attack attack aircraft

When the assault aviation operational objectives, targets its actions are:

  • 1) railways — railroad — spans (destruction of individual sections), railroad bridges (destruction), armored, military and cargo trains (wrecking), railway junctions, line stations, supply stations, salaries (disruption of railway traffic, (obstruction of the supply of reserves and means of struggle, as well as evacuation);

  • 2) Enemy air forces - bases, airfields and the material part of them;

  • 3) industrial enterprises, military warehouses and other objects of military or political-economic importance (mines, oil fields, power plants, electric highways, etc.);

  • 4) firing positions of ground air defense systems covering the troops, airfields, railway junctions and important rear facilities;

  • 5) engineering structures on the rear operational lines;

  • 6) amphibious assault forces - both during the approach and during landing;

  • 7) airborne troops in the period of their landing;

  • 8) enemy's operational reserves, suitable to the front.

When the assault aviation tasks in cooperation with the ground forces the objects of its actions are:

In an offensive battle:

  • a) the enemy’s defensive line, in which the assault aviation is obliged by a series of consecutive attacks to impede the production of defensive works during the approach of its troops;

  • b) the front edge of the enemy defenses, which it suppresses, increasing the impact of its artillery in the process of preparing the attack of its infantry;

  • c) artillery, tanks, reserves and individual centers of resistance of the enemy, whose actions it suppresses, destroys and frustrates during the period of attack by the front-line infantry and combat in the depth of the enemy’s defensive line, as well as when entering the battle armor of the senior general arms;

  • d) the enemy’s rear defensive line — from the moment the enemy’s main defensive line is broken through, prohibiting the enemy from engaging in and strengthening it;

  • e) headquarters, communication lines and radio stations, the destruction of which it contributes to the disorder of the control of the enemy;

  • e) supply and evacuation routes, rear facilities, wagon train and field depots during the whole battle, disrupting the work of the rear and destroying the enemy’s combat equipment.

During a meeting engagement:

  • a) enemy columns on the march, especially his artillery and tanks during their oncoming approach, by attacking independently and in cooperation with their tanks;

  • b) enemy artillery during deployment and in firing positions;

  • c) enemy tanks in waiting positions;

  • d) bypassing enemy columns in the process of combat;

  • d) the headquarters and rear of the enemy.

  • In a defensive battle:

  • a) enemy columns as they approach the defensive, strip;

  • b) certain enemy groups during the production of their counterattacks in front of the leading edge;

  • c) the main grouping of the enemy in the area of ​​concentration (mainly tanks and artillery) during the production of artillery counterpreparation;

  • d) the echelons of development of the enemy's breakthrough at the moment of the beginning of his counterattack — the anger of their cutting off the echelons that entered the breakthrough;

  • e) enemy tanks after breaking through the anti-tank belt of defense.

When the persecution:

  • a) suitable reserves of the enemy;

  • b) departing convoys of troops (especially artillery and tanks); and carts;

  • c) bridges, crossings and gorges on the ways of departure in the rear;

  • d) accumulations of troops (at rest, at ferries and gorges);

  • e) prepared lines of defense.

When you exit the battlefield:

  • a) the groups of enemy troops that are most pressing on their troops (especially tanks), hindering separation;

  • b) enemy troops threatening to exit the withdrawal path;

  • c) enemy artillery;

  • d) enemy airborne troops.

Fighting attack aircraft against moving targets and carrying out surprise attacks require the most detailed and accurate intelligence. In doing so, they must give their full assistance to all razdelyvatelnye funds available to the Combined Arms Command headquarters.

With the actions of ground attack aircraft, the number of aircraft being equipped, build, build the combat flight itself and select weapons determined by the nature of the object. Attack of some objects require small number of aircraft, but the effect of these airplanes should be systematically repeated, sometimes even within a few days (the destruction of railroad hauls); Some objects (infantry, cavalry, mechanized parts, airports with aircraft) require one, but powerful attack massive attack aircraft with appropriate means of destruction.

From weapons attack aircraft in their attacks apply:

  • a) fragmentation, high-explosive, chemical and incendiary bombs;

  • b) underwing and nadkrylnye machine gun batteries;

  • c) the front machine guns;

  • d) turret machine guns;

  • e) various smoke appliances.

The imperialist countries pay great attention to the use of persistent and non-persistent agents, but still the main means of destruction are the bomb shrapnel to defeat live targets and fragmentation, high explosive and incendiary to destroy the material part and fixed objects.

Selection and calculation of weapons (aircraft and bombs) zavisyat- on the size and nature of the target (length and width) and available bombs (type and size).

Machine-gun fire as compared with fragmentation bombs less effective.

Trains and trains especially advantageous to attack in the recesses, on bridges and rounded where the device crashes facilitated specifications. Calculation on the train, in motion: a link to the crash, the squadron for the collapse and destruction of human composition.

When attacking airfields and air bases of the enemy to destroy materiel (aircraft) the choice of weapons depends on the time of day (night machine gun fire is less suitable). The density of the lesion should be a big bomb to pieces, and the devastating effect of the blast wave, even in indirect contact firmly blocked all the space allocated to aircraft.

When attacking the airfield in order to damage the airfield, high-explosive bombs are used, with the calculation of the destruction of an area of ​​a certain size in order to prevent organized mass combat flights. Such an attack pursues the task of temporarily neutralizing aviation stationed at this aerodrome and is usually timed to the time when it is particularly advisable for the troops or the air force to turn off the enemy's air defense, at least for 2-8 hours. For the damage of the airfield "size 600 X 600 / and one squadron in 10-12 aircraft, dropping each 500-600 kg of explosive (10 or 12 bombs in 50 kg) is enough. The duration of the inactivity of the aerodrome is increased by the use of chemical bombs that hamper the reconstruction work. The very infection of the airfield with poisonous substances does not prevent the aircraft from flying off the aerodrome when using gas masks and technical equipment.

When exposed to the enemy's defenses during the approach of his troops and artillery preparation before the start of the offensive requires a number of successive attacks on individual sites of defense. The attack is carried out by small units: the firing of machine guns and bombarding the area of ​​small shrapnel 6oivii6aMiH.

For the production of smoke screens are smoke bombs and smoke-generating devices. Smoke curtains are placed to camouflage their troops, ships of the navy and fixed objects from both the ground and air enemy. Smoke curtains can also be used to blind the enemy and attacked samomaskirovki. The possibility of setting both vertical and horizontal smoke screens.

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