torpedo-boat
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torpedo-boat

torpedo-boat

A torpedo bomber is a type of aircraft, the purpose of which is to destroy sea ships with torpedoes, to provide landing of naval forces, to support ground forces that conduct operations in coastal regions. The first torpedo bombers appeared in the Navy of some countries during the First World War.

This type of aircraft manufactures aircraft dropping bombs and mines and torpedo sighting. The use of mines and torpedoes allows you to hit the most vulnerable part of the underwater marine ships.

Torpedo bombers

  • Tu-14.
  • Tu-16T.
  • Tu-2T.
  • IL-4T, DB-3TP.
  • IL-28T.
  • IL-2T. The documentation that confirms the existence of such a modification, no, although produced many model aircraft and the torpedo used in games on the PC.
  • Nakajima B5N.
  • Grumman TBF Avenger.
  • Fairey Swordfish.

Combat use

World War I

In 1915, the seaplane operated by Lt. Arthur Longmore successfully dropped the 356-mm torpedo. This experience was the basis for the creation of a torpedo bomber Short-184. In August, 1915, under the control of Lieutenant G.K. Edmons, attacked and sank the real target - Turkish maritime transport plying Xeros Bay. The following successful application dates back to August 17 of the same year.

The Second World War

The main tactic that was used during the Second World - a low-altitude torpedo, where the plane spent to decrease the height of 30-100 m overthrown torpedo at a distance from the target of several hundred meters.

Spring 1944, the Soviet Army began to practice the method Skip bombing. He lay in the fact that the bomb after the rebound from the drop of the water surface and hits the target. In addition to the low-altitude torpedo used as parashyutiruemye torpedo.

With large distances torpedo was not conducted because the pointing accuracy was far from ideal. Due to the fact that this aircraft had to fly up to the target ship at close range and still maintain a steady course, they were very vulnerable to anti-aircraft artillery fire. According to statistics, the losses were the largest torpedo in relation to the perfect sorties - Plane 4 departure. The number of sorties for other types of combat aircraft: attack aircraft - 11, bombers - 48, fighters - 62.
Sometimes the crews of sea torpedo "Boston A-20» and DB-3F called suicide. Although this statement can not be considered objective, personnel losses are explained by poor training of pilots and unsuitability technology to conduct torpedo attacks.

The German version of the torpedo bomber Focke-Wulf 190 fitted with special sighting mechanism Tiefsturzanlage 2A, which was intended for the impact dropping bombotorped Tues. They could carry out successful attacks sights at a more acute angle and pikirovochnym to greater heights than aviatorpedami LT.

After the end of World War II torpedo supplanted the usual high-rise and then not used after the invention of anti-aircraft missiles. At this time, released the following modifications torpedo bombers Tu-14T, Tu-16T, IL-28T.

Contemporaneity

At the present time, naval aviation use missiles and torpedoes with helicopters and airplanes anti aviation.

The APR-2 anti-submarine missile is equipped with a powerful warhead, after landing it travels underwater at a depth of up to 150 m, determining the location of the target in a passive mode (the rocket is equipped with a sonar homing system). If the target cannot be found, the process is transferred to the active mode, and the direction finding and detection system functions well when the engine is running. The launch of the rocket can be made from any helicopters and anti-submarine aircraft.

Classification of aircraft:


А

Administrative plane

Б

Bomber

В
Military transport aircraft

Air carrier

Г
The hybrid airship
Seaplane

Hypersonic aircraft

Д

twin-boom aircraft

И
Fighter

Fighter-bomber

К
counterinsurgency aircraft

Kosmoplan

Л

Flying Submarine

О

The orbital plane

П
Passenger plane
dive-bomber

Generation jet fighter

Р
missile carrier
rocketglider
Reactive plane

Regional aircraft

С
VTOL
Aircraft maintenance
The aircraft short takeoff and landing
Aircraft reconnaissance
Supersonic aircraft
High-speed bomber

Strategic bomber

Т
torpedo-boat

Transport aircraft

У
narrow-body aircraft
Training and combat aircraft

Training aircraft

Ш
wide-body aircraft
attack plane
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upstairs