Tu-130 (DP)
Tu-130 (DP)

Tu-130 (DP)

Tupolev in 1957 was actively interested in beginning the development of unmanned machines. Designers do research and further development of the aircraft gliding impact of long-range, which received the original designation of "DP". When creating planned to make the last stage of the rocket impact type, which can be controlled. We decided to use the launch vehicle Installation of ballistic missiles mid-action, namely the P or P-12-5, as designers Tupolev developed my own.

To create the project, designers were able to calculate the main indicators. The launch of the rocket to an altitude of 80 or even 100 kilometers was carried out by powerful missile carriers. After reaching the required height, disconnection was carried out, while the installation was turned at an angle of 90 degrees. After disconnection, one-time guidance was conducted to the desired target, after which the aircraft flew to the indicated target along the planning flight path. Machine Tu-130 (DP), passing through the layers of the atmosphere, could go to the specified target from a distance of 4 thousand kilometers and accelerate to the speed of M-10. Further, the flight correction was carried out by a control system of an autonomous type. As for the Tu-130 (DP) itself, it did not have its own power plant, the system was powered by the air power system and chemical sources that produced current.

Also on board there was a cooling system that did not allow overheating thermonuclear charge, were taken into account housing problems that might arise as a result of the kinetic heating during the flight. Before hitting the target machine enters into a dive, and produces an explosion at a given height from the ground. It should be noted that the advantages in the control and guidance to the target in this device was significantly greater than that of strategic missiles.

Development of the project was active for two years, have been involved in this and other research offices. It is possible to use in the design of new materials that could meet the rather complex operating conditions at hypersonic speeds.

Initially, it was made several test models to refine and study quality system, bringing to the required parameters. At this stage, the Design Bureau and assigned the designation Tu-130 (DP). Experienced a series of machines was made up of five drones who practiced and tested.

The first full-scale glider was ready in 1960 year, after which they switched to equipping with equipment and made docking with the launch vehicle. Also, the nose was subjected to refinement, since it was she who was subjected to the greatest heating during the flight. Nevertheless, despite the success in developing the Tu-130 (DP) unmanned vehicle, all work on the project was discontinued under the decree of the USSR ministers. Some parts of the apparatus were transferred to the Chelomey Design Bureau, and some were simply disposed of. Nevertheless, the operating time for the project was used in the manufacture of such a machine, which was designated as the 136 "Zvezda" rocket.

Tu-130 (DP). Characteristics:

Modification AP
Wingspan, m 2.80
Aircraft Length m 8.80
Height, m 2.20
Wing area, m2  
Weight, kg 2050
The maximum speed M 10
Flight distance, km 4000


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