Training aircraft
other
Training aircraft

Training aircraft

Training aircraft - LA, the purpose of which is to implement the training and training of flight personnel. The basic requirements in the form of simplicity of control and reliability are set for training aircraft. Usually they are equipped with dual controls. That is, both the trainee and the instructor gain access to the aircraft control posts (steering control pedals, steering wheel or control stick) and the engine (engine control lever / pitch-gas knob on the helicopter).

Often educational model of lethal devices, converted by the above-mentioned requirements, launched in serial production.

History

Airmen studying the art of piloting the aircraft on their own up to 1910 years. Then 2 training systems have been developed.

On one of them, the system of Blériot:

  • trained independently pursued taxiing aircraft-simulator without the ability to fly in the air;
  • podlety perform yourself on a plane with a reduced lifting force;
  • carried out flights on the full plane.

However, more widespread received alternative training system whereby on the aircraft was given a separate place for flight training instructor. For example, it was used as a training aircraft "Farman-4", which was equipped with two seats, arranged in a pattern "tandem".

The front seat was reserved for the pilot, where there were all controls. But the control stick of the aircraft in this model was shifted to the right so that the person sitting behind could freely reach it. Nevertheless, only the member of the crew sitting in front had access to the rudder pedals. On the first training departures, the instructor took the front seat, and the trainee was seated on the back seat. At the same time, the student was holding onto the control stick that his teacher was wielding. Then they swapped places, the trainee performed several rulezek to master the skills of steering a rudder, and then in the next training departures he independently controlled the aircraft. The instructor could help his ward with the control knob (but not the pedals).

Classification of aircraft:


А

Administrative plane

Б

Bomber

В
Military transport aircraft

Air carrier

Г
The hybrid airship
Seaplane

Hypersonic aircraft

Д

twin-boom aircraft

И
Fighter

Fighter-bomber

К
counterinsurgency aircraft

Kosmoplan

Л

Flying Submarine

О

The orbital plane

П
Passenger plane
dive-bomber

Generation jet fighter

Р
missile carrier
rocketglider
Reactive plane

Regional aircraft

С
VTOL
Aircraft maintenance
The aircraft short takeoff and landing
Aircraft reconnaissance
Supersonic aircraft
High-speed bomber

Strategic bomber

Т
torpedo-boat

Transport aircraft

У
narrow-body aircraft
Training and combat aircraft

Training aircraft

Ш
wide-body aircraft
attack plane
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upstairs