The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.
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The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.

The helicopter HAL Dhruv. Specifications. A photo.

HAL Dhruv - Indian multi-purpose helicopter, developed by aircraft manufacturer «Hindustan Aeronautics Limited» in 1992 year.

HAL Dhruv photo

The development of the multi-purpose helicopter HAL Dhruv was launched by aircraft manufacturers from the Indian company Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in 1984. Initially, the designers spent a very long time preparing the project, trying to create a high-quality, low-cost and modern design that allows the helicopter to be used in the civil aviation sector, for which it was originally planned, and in the military sphere. Due to the qualitative approach, the helicopter acquired a good aerodynamic component of its shape, and therefore turned out to be very maneuverable and at the same time very high-speed, which provides the aircraft of this class with all the necessary flight performance.

The first flight model helicopter HAL Dhruv took place in 1992 year, and despite the fact that all the technical tests, flight and aircraft have been carried out successfully, and the helicopter went into production, the helicopter was actually introduced to the general public only in the year 2002.

Photo HAL Dhruv

Initially, the helicopter HAL Dhruv was very much interested in the military command of the Armed Forces of India, which ordered the development of four military versions of this aircraft from the aircraft manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. In fact, on military use, the helicopter HAL Dhruv can be used to perform a variety of tasks, including reconnaissance, electronic warfare, as well as transporting people and cargo. In addition, the helicopter HAL Dhruv can also be positioned as an independent combat unit, in particular, the armament of a similar version of the aircraft consists of:

  • 8 antitank guided missiles;
  • Kit rockets;
  • Kit missiles to combat air targets;
  • 2 antisubmarine torpedoes;
  • Kit anti-ship missiles;
  • Deep-set charges.

On its board, a HAL Dhruv helicopter, depending on the modification used, can carry up to 16 people, including two crew members and 14 passengers (military personnel). If necessary, the aircraft can also carry out transportation on its board of various cargoes, the only condition for which is compliance with the dimensions and not exceeding the maximum take-off weight by the established technical regulations.

The powerplant of the HAL Dhruv helicopter consists of two Turbomeca TM 333-2B2 gas turbine aircraft engines, each of which can develop its own thrust in the HP 1000, however, Shakti aircraft engines can also be used to develop total thrust in the 2800 hp. Depending on the aircraft engines used, the helicopter can reach speeds of up to 290 km / h, while the maximum distance that this aircraft can fly is 830 kilometers (distillation range).

Helicopter HAL Dhruv

Production of the Indian multi-purpose helicopter HAL Dhruv produced in the following versions:

  • HAL Dhruv Mk.1 - Basic military production version of the helicopter;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.2 - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv Mk.2;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.3 - Modification of aircraft engines equipped brand Shakti, used to conduct electronic warfare;
  • HAL Dhruv Mk.4 - Combat version of the aircraft;
  • HAL Dhruv C - Civil 12-seater helicopter;
  • Hal Dhruv CFW - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv C;
  • HAL Dhruv CS - Improved analogue version of HAL Dhruv C;
  • HAL Garuda Vasudha - A special variant of the civilian helicopter.

Specifications HAL Dhruv.

  • Crew: 2 people (depending on version);
  • Capacity: 14 people (depending on version);
  • helicopter length: 15,87 m (depending on version).
  • The height of the helicopter: 4,98 m (depending on version).
  • The diameter of the rotor: 13,2 m (depending on version).
  • Weight of empty helicopter: 2500 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 5500 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 260 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 290 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 830 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 6100 m .;
  • Powerplant: 2 x Turbomeca TM 333-2B2 (depending on version);
  • Power: 2 x 1000 hp (Depending on version).

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