Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow
Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow


Aero CF-105 Arrow - This interceptor has design features a delta wing and intended to destroy the Soviet strategic bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons on board.

The fighter was armed missiles AIM-104 Falcon.

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow

The plane was designed and built by Avro Canada in 1953 year, but in 1958, after re-election of the Government of Canada, was adopted a program of reducing cash allocated to defense, the program was terminated.

After. World War II in the USSR were established strategic bombers with long-range, and the Government of Canada has decided to develop a high-speed fighter is able to exercise control of the airspace in the northern hemisphere.

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow

In 1945, AV Roe-Canada Limited was established to maintain aircraft ... And in 1946, the development and design of the first Canadian fighter for the Royal Canadian Air Force Avro-100, an all-weather interceptor, was started. The long way of designing was completed in 1953 with the creation of a prototype. Canadian engineers solved a number of problems, including overcoming the sound barrier. The innovative project included the use of the deltoid wing. This shape of the wing gave advantages - a sliding wing using the possibilities to achieve supersonic speed. Also there was an opportunity by placing in the cavities of the wings of additional fuel, to increase the flight range. Increased the possibility of a higher altitude setting. The disadvantages include increasing the resistance of the air flow at low speeds and altitudes, as well as increased resistance in maneuvering.

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow

For interceptor such shortcomings did not matter as the main flight mode runs at high altitudes and speeds.

Further aircraft design development led to the creation of two modifications: C-104 with one engine and C-104 / 2 equipped with two engines.

Disputes about the layout of the aircraft between the designers allowed to develop uniform requirements:

  • · Crew - 2 pilots;

  • · Power plant - two engines;

  • Flight range 556 km and 370 km in target interception mode;

  • · The ability to take off and land on a runway with a length of 1830 m;

  • · Cruising speed 1.5 Maxa;

  • Lifting ceiling - 21000 m.

To assemble the first aircraft began in the year 1955, the prototype was given the code name RL-201. During test flights reached broad speed 1600 km / h and reached the height of lifting 15000 meters.

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow Museum

In carrying out missions revealed shortcomings mode control system of the engine.

Since 1953, some officials of the Ministry of Defence of Canada began to make proposals reduction program development project to create a Canadian fighter interceptor in 1957, after the re-election of the Liberal government on the replacement of the representatives of the progressive-conservative bloc, the government adopted a decision on the reduction of aircraft programs.

Aero Canada CF-105 Arrow tattoo

In August 1957, the Canadian government signed the NORAD agreement with the United States, on which the two governments have been obliged to carry out the automation of air defense systems. Under the agreement in Canada were placed missiles with nuclear warheads, which allowed the United States to move the location of the missile defense troops farther north border. Government of Canada to save money was forced to reduce defense spending and close the program of construction of interceptor.

Aero CF-105 Arrow characteristics:

Modification   CF-105 Mk.I   CF-105 Mk.II
Wingspan, m   15.24   15.24
Aircraft Length m   23.71   26.07
Height, m   6.25   6.4
Wing area, m2   113.82   113.82
Weight, kg    
  empty   22215   20385
  normal takeoff   25821   28281
  maximum take-off   31077   31187
engine's type   2 turbojet engine Pratt Whitney J75-P-5   2 TRD Orenda PS-13 Iroquois
Thrust, kN    
  unforced   2 x 7485   2 x 9000
  forced   2 x 10886   X 2 13600
Maximum speed km / h   1600   2500 (M = 2.35)
Practical range, km   2400  
Combat range, km     925
Practical ceiling, m   16165   17842
Crew   2   2
Armament:   Ur air-to-air   Ur air-to-air