Airbus A320
Airbus A320

Airbus A320. A photo. Video. Interior layout. Characteristics. Reviews.


The A320 development program was launched in March 1984. The A320 airliner made its first flight on February 22, 1987. It used CFM International CFM56-5A1 engines. After passing the flight tests, on February 26, 1988, the JAA (Joint Aviation Authorities) certificate was received and the aircraft began to enter Air France. And the first customer from the USA was the airline “Northwest Airlines».

The original version, the A320-100, was built in small numbers, but then an improved version of the A320-200 was released. The improvements were mainly related to the increase in the volume of the fuel tanks. The final certification of the A320-200 took place in November 1988. Since then, the A320-200 has grown into a whole family of medium-haul airliners, the Airbus SAS consortium, and the following models have been released on its basis: A318, A319 and A321.

Airbus A320 photo

Airbus A320 photo


Many technical innovations were introduced into the aircraft design. The A320 was the first passenger airliner to be equipped with a Fly-by-Wire control system. The advantage of this system is that a computer with a given program controls many parameters of the aircraft, for example, it does not allow overshoot in angle of attack or overload. The airliner has EFIS digital avionics from Thomson CSF. The A320 also uses a relatively high percentage of composites compared to previous models.

A320-200 driven by two turbojets CFMI CFM56-5B or IAE V2500 with a thrust of up to 113 120 kN kN each.

Aircraft models have different versions of installed engines. From the kind of engine depends on the serial number of the modification. For example: on A320-211 used CFM56-5A1 motors and A320-231 model comes with engines IAE V2500-A1, etc.


Airbus a320 Salon

Airbus A320 3


Compared to other aircraft in its class, the A320 has a wider cabin, generous cargo space with large doors to facilitate loading and unloading. And low operating and maintenance costs are an attractive factor for low-cost airlines. For example, the American low-cost airline “JetBlue Airways Corporation"Located in New York, acquired for its fleet of vehicles 233. Other low-cost carriers with A320 significant orders are the British "EasyJet Company Limited"And Malaysian"Air Asia».

Most of the aircraft cabin space Airbus A320 - Aeroflot

Most of the aircraft cabin space Airbus A320 - S7 Airlines

The best seats on the Airbus A320 - Ural Airlines

Wizz AirThe best seats on the Airbus A320 - Wizz Air



Airbus a320 interior scheme

Airbus a320 interior scheme


Today the Airbus SAS company is developing an improved A320 model. The new version of the A320 was named A320neo. The New Engine Option is the final step in the A320 upgrade. The Neo modernization program includes such improvements as: weight reduction, a new, modern interior with an extended luggage compartment. The new glider will be made using new composite materials. And thanks to the installation of new economical engines CFM International LEAP-X and P&W PW1000G, it is planned to reduce fuel consumption by 10-15 percent.

Compared to the previous A320 models, the new A320neo will produce lower noise levels and lower emissions. The wing of the aircraft will also undergo modifications, in particular the wingtips, which will now have the shape of a shark fin by the standard, the so-called "sharklets". This wing modification reduces fuel consumption by 2-3 percent. Thanks to the innovations, it will be possible to increase the flight range by 950 km and increase the carrying capacity.


Product specifications Airbus A320:


  • Years of production: 1987 g - nowadays
  • Empty weight: 42100 kg
  • Length: 37,57 m
  • Height:  11 m
  • sweep wings:  31,4 m
  • Wing area: 122,6 m2
  • The diameter of the fuselage: 3,95 m
  • Cruising speed:  845 km / h (0,78 mach, 511 mph)
  • Maximum speed: 871 km / h (Mach 0,82, 537 miles / hour)
  • Range of flight: 6300 km.
  • Ceiling:  11800 m.
  • The length of the run: 2090 m.
  • path length: 1530 m.
  • The width of the passenger compartment: 3,7 m
  • Number of passengers: 140 -180 places
  • Crew: 2 person


Airbus A320 video

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The first time I'll fly in life, not a magician to wait for August, And I liked Xnumx beauties and hope my family will like it.


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