The aircraft Tupolev ANT-20. A photo. History. Characteristics.


ANT-20 - many-soviet, propaganda, vosmimotorny plane to land chassis. Built on the Voronezh aircraft factory.

History of the ANT-20

In October 1932, in the group of journalists and writers headed by M. Koltsov, on the day of the 40th anniversary of M. Gorky's literary activity, the idea of ​​creating an agitmobile was born, which will be named after the talented writer Maxim Gorky. The All-Union Committee was engaged in collecting money for the construction. And in the shortest time possible to collect about 6 million rubles. The committee organized the Technical Council, which was chaired by Kharlamov, the head of TsAGI. It was he who had the honor to work out the face of the future aircraft and draw up technical requirements taking into account the designations of the ANT-20 aircraft.


The following institutes took part in the work of the Technical Council: TsIAM, TsAGI, the printing industry, the Photo and Film Institute, the Air Force Research Institute and individual designers and engineers. V.N. Belyaev was responsible for strength calculations, B.M. Kondorsky, A.A. Arkhangelsky, V.M. Petlyakov - general views, B.A. Saukke - Chief Engineer, A.A. Yengibaryan, E.I. Pogossky - equipment, N.S. Nekrasov and others. A.N. Tupolev. To control the construction and transfer orders for various equipment, a Construction Commission was formed, headed by A.N. Goryanov. On March 10, 1933, this commission signed an agreement with TsAGI for the construction of the AN-20 "Maxim Gorky".

AN Tupolev to 1931 has successfully launched a bomber TB-3 mass production, engaged in the subsequent development of superheavy giants. Exclusive project was developed passenger bomber TB-4, which was named ANT-20.


In 1933 year we reviewed the preliminary design of the ANT-20, which provides for the possibility of using an aircraft as a transport, passenger, agitation, bomber. He could act as a mobile headquarters for the political structures of power and the higher military.

ANT-20 differs from ANT-16 (TB-4) only in size and carrying capacity. He had to carry a large load on 1,5 and be used from small airfields. At its take-off, the take-off length should be 300-400 m. As a result, a new wing was created, which had an elongation and an area different from the TB-4 wing. Almost the entire surface was corrugated. As for the power plant, it consisted of 8 engines M-34FRN (each according to 900 hp). Wooden screws with a diameter of 4 m. Initially, it was planned to install 6 engines, but their power was not enough. The flight and navigation equipment provided operation at any time of the day, including allowing landing on unprepared terrain. The means of agitation on board include a loudspeaker radio installation, radio transmitters, a photographic laboratory, a cinema installation, a library, a printing house and others.

On ANT-20 the nation's first system was used AC power Hz 50, 120 B. Onboard power represented by two petrol engines and four generators.

In 1934 year on the plane were set world records 2: 10 thousand raised loads. And 15 thousand. Kg to a height of 5 thousand. Meters.


18 May 1935 at the central airfield of Russia was a demonstration flight, after which the ANT-20 was to be transferred to the agitation squadron them. Gorky. It involved two aircraft: the fighter I-5, a double R-5. On the fighter Blagin began performing complex tricks near the ANT-20. Trying to execute a dead loop around the giant, the plane hovered at the top and collapsed directly onto ANT-20. A few seconds later there was a terrible sound, and the plane dropped to the village of Sokol. The death toll is 49 people, among them Blagin, 37 passengers are workers of TsAGI, as well as their relatives (6 children) and 11 crew members.

ANT-20 characteristics:

Modification   ANT-20bis
Wingspan, m   63.00
Aircraft Length m   34.10
Height, m   12.80
Wing area, m2   486.00
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   31200
  maximum take-off   44000
  Fuel   5830
engine's type   6 PD M-34FRNV
Power, hp   6 x 1000 (1200)
Maximum speed km / h   235
Cruising speed, km / h   206
Practical range, km   1300
Practical ceiling, m   5500
Crew   5
Payload:   up to xnumx passengers



"Maxim Gorky", or ANT-20, I was impressed by its size, because it was the largest plane at the time. Also, I noticed that it has 8 engines, and this is very good because it gives him the opportunity to fly 275 km / h. I think he was so big because that could carry human 72. Just think of this number. In 1934 year it was a lot.
I was very struck by the fact that the plane was flying at such a writer is Antoine de Saint-Exupery. I knew he was a pilot, but did not know that he did it on an airplane flight.
Also, I was interested in the fact that the aircraft was flying over Red Square.
But most of all I was shocked by the disaster, which is connected precisely with the ANT-20. I feel sorry for the people who broke into this plane. In fact, Blagin should not have to make such figures, it's aerobatics, and thus a great danger. That's a result of this his plane became uncontrollable and crashed on the ANT-20, which led to a fatal accident.
The plane was very nice and I like it, but like many others he served not long, about a year.

Hello. At many forums I read about this plane. Really a giant. For 35-th year is the largest airplane. It's a pity that he did not fly for long, but I hate the other. I met on a single site a stupid note about Blagin's allegedly found letter (a pilot accompanying I-5, which was the reason for the fall of Maxim Gorky). Not even a letter, but a suicide note. I do not exactly remember, but it was about "bad" Soviet government, bureaucrats and thieves. No, I basically agree, but if we consider it logically, then this is not possible. There are questions: why did Blagin loop around the MK? Why did not I hit the tail right away? Why kutil and bends showed ?? If anyone is interested in this topic, moulter in the depths of Ineta and bring your arguments about this.


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