Antonov An-2
Antonov An-2. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

Antonov An-2. A photo. Video. Driving compartment. Characteristics. Reviews.

Antonov An-2 a multipurpose biplane with a small distance off and landing, designed primarily for use as a light transport aircraft, as well as its application in agriculture.

The idea of ​​developing an aircraft capable of taking off and landing in hard-to-reach and sparsely populated areas of the USSR was put forward as early as 1940 by Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov.

An 2 photo

Antonov An-2 helm

However, the Antonov project in February 1941 of the year was rejected due to the low speed of the proposed aircraft. But 16 January 1946 of the year, nevertheless, permission was given to build a low-speed biplane, O. K. Antonov, and, first of all, to raise the national economy in the post-war years. Already 6 of March of the same year a decision was made to create a design team, OKB-153, for the construction of a single-engine, cargo-carrying biplane with a small run-up length. It was supposed to release two versions of the aircraft.

The first version of the ball should be intended for military transport purposes and have an engine-ASH-62IR, and the second version with the engine of the AS-21, was intended for agricultural purposes. In July 1947, the first model of the aircraft was built, which received the designation CX-1. The first flight of an airplane with an installed ASH-62IR engine designed by Shevtsov was made by test pilot PN Volodin, 31 August 1947. Flights with this engine were made before 10 September 1947 year, after which, the model of the aircraft was installed engine АШ-21. After all the factory tests, 4 October 1947 year, the aircraft was transferred to the state commission, for conducting state tests.

In the 1948 year, after conducting all the tests, the An-2 aircraft entered flight operation. And initially began to be used in the processing of rural fields.

The code word NATO air ships (NATO reporting names), An-2 aircraft received the designation «Colt», which translated means "colt". The people, the aircraft received the name of "maize", as used in large quantities during the sowing of corn fields in times of Khrushchev in the Soviet Union.

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Antonov An-2 2 Salon

Originally developed as an aircraft for agricultural work, An-2 became very fast multi-purpose aircraft - ranging from piloting skills training to military applications in passenger traffic on domestic routes.

Biplane An-2 has the following modifications:

An-2SKH - for farm work

An-2F - for aerial photography

An-2T - transport version

An-2TD - amphibious transport modification

An-2TP - freight passenger version

A 2PP - fire option, with water floats

An-2В - version with floats for landing on the water surface.

There have also been released, such as the modification of the An-3, with an engine HPT-20, the water version of the An-4 with float landing gear and weather reconnaissance An-6.

In addition to the USSR and then Russia and Ukraine, the aircraft was manufactured in Poland and China.

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en 2 Salon

Moreover, if in Poland and Russia the production of these aircraft is suspended, then China continues to manufacture them. On Chinese models, the HS-5 engine, an analogue of the ASH-62IR engine, is installed. Chinese An-2, received the designation Shijiazhuang Y-5. In total, China produces up to 20 of these machines per year. In Ukraine, the release of An-2 has resumed to date, but only in a modernized version. In the 2013 year at the state enterprise "Antonov" in Kiev, the testing of the modernized version of An-2-100 was started. The MC-14 turboprop engine developed by the Ukrainian company is installed on this version of the aircraft. PJSC "Motor Sich".

Due to the fact that this An-2 biplane is easy to operate, economical, able to take off from unprepared ground airfields and has a short run and run length, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation decided in 2012 to conduct a deep modernization in 2015 to a thousand An-2 aircraft. This upgrade includes the replacement of engines, increased flight range and the installation of modern aeronautical equipment.

To date, it produced more than 18 thousand aircraft An-2, various modifications.

Technical characteristics of the AN-2:

  • First flight: August 31 1947 years

  • Years of mass production: c 1947 until now.

  • Length: 12,70 m.

  • Height (land): 4,13 m.

  • Empty weight: 3400 - 3700 kg.

  • Total wing area: 71,52 sq.m.

  • Top wing span: 18,17 m.

  • Lower wing span: 14,20 m.

  • Cruising speed: 180-190 km / h..

  • Stall speed:. 60 km / h.

  • Maximum speed: 255 km / h..

  • Ceiling: 4500 m.

  • Flight range: 990 km.

  • Length of takeoff: 150 - 235 m.

  • Run length: 140 - 225 m.

  • Engines: 1 piston engine AL-62IR

  • Crew: 2 person

  • Number of seats: 12 places

An 2 video

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He flew AN-2, cool samolet.Samoe importantly, despite to.chto pornevoy AL-62 in the cabin a little drendit on it as a biplane, virtually no stalling threshold, as monoplane.Da and speed of his takeoff-about 65 km / ch.da and mechanization is very steep for a biplane, not only the flaps and slats, but also on each trimmery.Ne biplane is meet !!! Da.Antonov created a masterpiece of small aircraft, durable and nadezhnyy.a most importantly, simple in circulation!!!

I flew confirm. then flew on different types of memory was this.

Cool samaleck. He studied in Chita, DOSAAF, skipped with a parachute, in the distant 1988 year. The truth all shakes, such impression, in a basin on sleepers drag, in the rest all norms.