Aircraft bombs
Military aviation
Aviation bomb. Kinds. Characteristics.

Aviation bomb. Kinds. Characteristics.



Aviation bomb or Aerial bombsOne of the types of aircraft munitions, dumped from an airplane or other aircraft and separated from holders under the influence of gravity or a low rate of forced separation.

Currently used bombs, depending on their purpose are of various sizes and equipment, and their weight ranges from 0,5 to 2 000 kg, length of 10 cm to 4,5 m, a diameter of 5 to 60 see. The most common bombs weighing about 10, 50 , 100, 250, 500, 900 and 1 000 kg.


Bombs of World War II

Bombs of World War II


Aerial bombs have forms: a cigar or torpedo-shaped, pear-shaped or drop-shaped. Making bombs of various shapes caused by the need to reduce the impact force of air resistance (EASY-streamlined) and the most efficient is the main mass of the explosive charge.

Stability bombs in flight is achieved by means of a stabilizer which causes aerial bomb fly head part (nose) in the direction of movement.

Depending on the properties of the goals and objectives are different bombs:

  • a) for the destruction of railway junctions and stations, bridges, factories, warehouses, seaports, shipyards, and in some cases shelters and trenches, high-explosive bombs are needed, which have a large destructive effect.
  • b) to defeat the manpower of troops on the march, on vacation and in battle, not covered by the crews of ships, and at airfields, it is most expedient to use fragmentation bombs, which give
  • a large number of fragments of slaughter; In addition to these bombs can be used chemical bombs;
  • c) small caliber incendiary bombs are used to create fires in settlements, industrial enterprises, factories and forests, from 1 to 10 kg.
  • (most thermite, enabling the temperature to 3 000 ° C, water quenching the burning thermite results not given);
  • d) lighting bombs are used to illuminate the terrain during night operations for reconnaissance, photographing and bombing purposes, as well as during a forced landing outside the airfield;
  • e) smoke bombs are needed to make it difficult for the enemy to observe the actions of ground and sea forces;
  • f) for operations on ships and submarines, armor-piercing or depth-of-depth bombs and torpedoes are required;
  • g) propaganda bombs are needed to scatter literature;
  • h) to check the preparatory work before bombing, without the consumption of combat bombs during sighting, special sighting bombs of low weight are needed, but possessing the same properties in flight as combat bombs.


Aviation bomb

Aviation bomb


Action bombs at various targets

To secure the bomb on the plane are the bomb racks.

Recent divided into two basic types:

  • a) the outer-suspension bombs under the fuselage or under the wings,
  • b) internal - for the suspension of bombs inside the aircraft or in special boxes streamlined, strengthened by an airplane.


Aviation bomb

Aviation bomb


Dropping-gear - A device for actuating the lock mechanism bomb racks in the bombing. Depending on the tactical requirements bombardment bomb racks should allow a single, volley and serial dropping bombs with any interval of time between the fall of the bombs in the series.

Bombsight serve to determine with precision the moment of a possible drop bombs.


Military aviation


Under the caption "aerial bomb" is shown a mine from a mortar ...


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