Plane crash IL-78 in Eritrea. 1998
Plane crash IL-78 in Eritrea. 1998

Plane crash IL-78 airlines UCA in Eritrea

  • Date of the crash: 17.07.1998, the

  • The time of the crash: 04: 15

  • Country plane crash: Eritrea

  • Place the crash: Near Asmara

  • Aircraft type: IL-78

  • Join the aircraft: URUCI

  • Name of air carrier: Ukraine Aviation Transport Company

Chronology of events:

The crew made an instrumental approach to the Asmara aerodrome and reduced according to VOR / DME / ILS instrumental approach scheme to the 07 band at night in difficult weather conditions (cloudiness). He then proceeded to perform a visual landing approach to the 25 band. For 16 seconds from the first collision on the surface, the commander reported that he was watching the band. The Air Traffic Control Service advised the pilot to include the landing lights that designate the aircraft. The aircraft soon after this collided with a stony hillside slope at an altitude of 2405 m (exceeding 72 m in relation to the end of the 25 strip) and collapsed.

Data on victims:

  • Total on board were people 10: 9 1 crew members and passengers. Total killed 10 people: crew 9, 1 passengers.

Details of the crash:

  • Phase of flight: the approach

  • Identified causes of the crash: crew error, error ATC

Data on the plane:

  • aircraft Brand: Il-78

  • ID of the aircraft: UR-UCI

  • Country where registered aircraft: Ukraine

  • Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 1988

  • Serial number of the aircraft: 0083481440

Flight data:

  • Tour type: Truck

  • Aviation company: Ukraine Aviation Transport Company

  • The country in which the company was registered aircraft: Ukraine

  • Flying from: Burgas

  • Flying in: Asmara

  • Original item: Burgas

  • A final point: Asmara

The details:

Description of the identified causes AP

The Commission found out that the 25 strip should not in fact be used to perform aircraft landings, including visual ones. The crew, when they made the wrong decision to perform a visual approach to the Asmar aerodrome, which was initiated by the dispatcher's information about the working band, then, in an unfavorable environment, did not attempt to go to the second round to go to the alternate aerodrome or re-call, and Continued approach to land. With the descent and approach, there was an insufficient level of interaction in the crew, which was expressed, in particular, that there was no clear decision on the approach scheme, which forced the crew to act in time deficit conditions. A significant excess of the take-off mass of the aircraft, the actual value of which the crew probably did not know, caused the fact that it was able to withstand speeds lower than those recommended for the actual landing mass, did not prevent a dangerous drop in the aircraft when the turn was executed in these conditions (the parameters of the outer Environment and configuration of the aircraft).