Plane crash of Tu-154B in Tbilisi airport. 1992
Plane crash of Tu-154B in Tbilisi airport. 1992

Plane crash of the Tu-154B Tbilisi Department of Air Transport Georgia in Tbilisi airport

  • Date plane crash: 20.07.1992, the

  • Country of the crash: Georgia

  • Location of the crash: Tbilisi Airport

  • aircraft Brand: Tu-154B

  • Registration of aircraft: 4L85222 steel construction

  • Name of air carrier: Transair Georgia

Chronology of events:

On board the aircraft loaded approximately 20 tons of tea. Loading was carried out uncontrollably. The investigation established that the total overload of the aircraft in relation to documented was 6,4 tons, while the crew was informed about it only in part: approximately 3 tons of cargo was placed in bypass crew. The actual takeoff weight in this case more than 2 tonne was more than is physically possible for a safe takeoff. Centering limit exceeded.

In the second stage of the 31R run, when the calculated speed was reached, the crew reached a pitch angle of 6 ... 7 degrees, which corresponded to the angle of attack that was necessary to detach the aircraft with normal take-off weight. The crew raised the front support of the chassis, but it was not possible to tear off the plane from the ground. Running through the entire lane, the plane descended to the ground and after 490 m of movement along the ground crashed into the building of the course radio beacon. Because of the collision, the plane began to roll over and collapse. After 190 m the plane crashed into the slope of the ravine and collapsed completely. In view of the jet fuel explosion, there was an intense fire.

Plane crash of Tu-154B in Tbilisi airport. 1992

Data on victims:

  • Total on board were people 24: 8 16 crew members and passengers. Total killed 24 people: crew 8, 16 passengers.

Details of the crash:

  • Phase of flight: take-off

Data on the plane:

  • aircraft Brand: Tu-154B

  • Aircraft ID: 4L85222

  • The country in which the registered aircraft: Georgia

  • Date of manufacture of the aircraft: 1977

  • Serial number of the aircraft :: 77A222

Flight data:

  • Tour type: Truck

  • Aviation Company: Transair Georgia

  • The country, which was registered aviation company: Georgia

  • Flying from: Tbilisi

  • Flying in: Mineralnye Vody

  • Original item: Tbilisi

  • A final point: Mineralnye Vody


The main reasons for avtokatsirofa are: violation by the crew of restrictions on commercial permissible centering and loading of aircraft, flight on an overloaded aircraft and with improper alignment, lack of control over the performance and quality of work, improper coordination of actions between a commercial warehouse and SOP, violation of a commercial warehouse "Instructions "Personnel in terms of complete mandatory weighing of cargo, the absence of the alignment of Tu-154 alignment charts in Tbilisi airport. There are no alignment charts for the cargo configuration of the Tu-154 aircraft at the Tbilisi airport at all, although flights with cargo on these aircraft are executed systematically. The presence of a favorable wind during take-off promoted the roll-out, the non-use for the take-off of the entire length of the band and the possibility of stopping take-off.

Additional information:

Information about the crew:

  • KBC Mkrtich Hovhannisyan

  • copilot Tail Constantine

  • navigator Yuri Nedospasov

  • Flight Engineer Yuri Tuaev

  • inspection, the commander Fyodor Paraskevi