Avro 685 York. Specifications. A photo.
Avro 685 York. Specifications. A photo.

Avro 685 York. Specifications. A photo.


Avro 685 York - British multi-purpose civilian airliner designed in 1942, the aircraft manufacturer «Avro Aircraft».


Photo Avro 685 York


Design of aircraft Avro 685 York began leading British aviarazrabotchikami of the company «Avro Aircraft» at the end of 30-ies of the last century. The military model bomber was used as the basis of the company's aircraft manufacturers «Avro Aircraft» Avro 683 LancasterWhich is structurally almost unchanged, except for a number of improvements, allowing the aircraft to operate as a civil version of the aircraft, however, in technical terms, the aircraft became more efficient and reliable.

Initially the aircraft Avro 685 York positioned solely as a civilian passenger aircraft, but, due to the design in the future aircraft Avro 685 York was also applied adaptation and as a transport aircraft a means to carry on his board a variety of loads, including also very large.

The aircraft model Avro 685 York has a fairly high efficiency, particularly expressed by this and a large number of people taken on board, and very reasonable cruising speed flight and greater distance his route, is about 4350 km.


Aircraft Avro 685 York


The first flight of the aircraft Divide Avro 685 York took place in 1942 year, however, the air vehicle was in need of some technical optimization to increase the flight and operational characteristics, and therefore the actual production of these aircraft began only in 1943 year. Release of aircraft Avro 685 York lasted for three years - up to 1946 years, and, during this time the British aircraft manufacturers was established 258 aircraft, which indicates a very high popularity among their airlines.

can be accommodated on board the aircraft, depending on the interior layout to 56 people (not including 5 crew) that in view of the start of production, as well as the period of operation is very effective. If necessary, the aircraft Avro 685 York could also be involved, and for the transportation of bulky goods, provided that the maximum regulated weight lifting aircraft, component 31115 kg, will not be exceeded.

The aircraft is equipped with Avro 685 York power plant consisting of four piston engines of the brand Rolls-Royce Merlin 24, each of which has its own traction in 1610 hp, which allows the aircraft to have a high weight lifting and perform flights at a cruising speed of 480 km \ h.


Specifications Avro 685 York.


  • Crew: 5 people;
  • Passenger: 56 people;
  • aircraft Length: 23,93 m .;
  • Wingspan: 31,08 m .;
  • Plane Height: 5,44 m .;
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 16070 kg .;
  • Payload: 12000 kg .;
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 31115 kg .;
  • Cruising speed: 480 km \ h .;
  • Maximum flight speed: 505 km \ h .;
  • Maximum flight distance: 4350 km .;
  • Maximum flight height: 7000 m .;
  • aircraft engine type: a piston;
  • Powerplant: 4 x Rolls-Royce Merlin 24;
  • Power: 4 x 1610 hp


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