BAe 748 (BAE 748)
BAe 748 (BAE 748)

BAe 748 (BAE 748)

Short-haul turboprop aircraft BAe.748, better known as the Hawker Siddeley HS.748 or as Avro 748, is a multi-purpose aircraft, developed by the British Aircraft Company «Avro Aircraft», to replace the American twin-engine piston aircraft Douglas DC-3.

Work on the Avro 748 project began in the 1957 year. As the basis of the aircraft was selected monoplane design with a fuselage of circular cross section, capable of accommodating on average 40-44 passenger seats, and a low wing with two engines. The main requirements for the design of the aircraft were the possibility of its use on unprepared airfields, to be unpretentious and easy to maintain and operate, and also to have a short take-off and landing.

BAe 748 (BAE 748) plane

Officially, the program is the construction of the aircraft, Avro748, began in January 9 1959 years.

As a power plant, the Rolls Royce Dart R.Da.7Mk.514 hp motors with a four-blade propeller were selected. Under the Avro 1740 development program, four aircraft were built. Two of which, for air tests and the other two for ground and static ultimate load tests.

His first flight of the aircraft Avro 748, 24 made June 1960 years. He took off from the airfield of British Woodford (Woodford), located in Cheshire (Cheshire). The first production aircraft Avro 748 Series 1 have been ordered by the airline «Skyways Coach-Air». The first commercial flight airplane Avro 748 April 1 1962 made a year in "London - Paris."

6 On November 1961, the Avro 748 Series 2 was flown, which was equipped with Rolls Royce Dart RDa.7Mk motors. 531, power 2105 hp, and had a large carrying capacity, compared with the previous model. This version also became the basic version for subsequent aircraft of the HS.748 family (Avro 748). She allowed to place in her cabin up to 52 passenger seats.

In 1963, the Avro 748 aircraft was renamed HS.748, due to the fact that Avro was bought out by a larger company Hawker Siddeley Group

BAe 748 (BAE 748) in plane

In June, 1967 was released an improved model of the second series - HS.748 Series 2А, which was equipped with Rolls Royce Dart RDa.7Mk turboprop engines. 532 power 2280 hp, and also had an increased stock of fuel. This version of the aircraft, HS.748, made the first flight of 5 September 1967 of the year.

HS.748 Series 2A enrolled in such airlines as the British "British Airways"African"South African Airways"New Zealand« Mount Cook Airline ». The plane was also raised, and other large and small carriers.

In 1977, work began on the HS.748 Series 2B. This version of the aircraft was equipped with a Rolls Royce Dart RDa.7Mk turboprop engine. 536-2 horsepower 2290 This engine was better adapted to work in high altitude and hot climates, and also had a lower noise level. Beginning with 1 in January 1978, the Hawker Siddeley Group was merged with the British Aerospace consortium. Since then, the name of the aircraft HS.748 Series 2B was changed to BAe.748.

The first production aircraft took to the skies BAe.748 22 1979 year in June. In the US, the aircraft also were called Intercity-748. This version of the aircraft allowed to carry up to 58 people at an average distance of about 2 thousand kilometers, with an average speed 450 kilometers per hour.

In February 1982 year was presented last modification of aircraft BAe. Super 748 with engines Rolls Royce Dart RDa.7Mk.552. In this version has been increased luggage space, improved interior of the passenger compartment, as well as enhanced control and navigation. This turboprop airliner made its first flight in July 30 1984 years.

BAe 748 (BAE 748) seats

Aircraft family BAe.748 (HS.748), produced in various versions - from civilian and transport to the military. Production of aircraft BAe.748 was stopped in May 1988, with the advent of more modern aircraft models. Over the entire production period from 1961 year to 1988 year, about 380 units of BAe.748 aircraft (HS.748) were produced

Technical characteristics of the aircraft BAe 748 (HS.748 Series 2B):

The first flight of the prototype BAe.748 (HS.748 Series 1): 24 1960 June

Production Years: c 1961 1988 year on year

Length: 20,42 m.

Height: 7,57 m.

Empty weight: 12320 kg.

Wing area: 77,00 sq.m.

Wingspan: 31,23 m.

Cruising speed: 450 km / h..

Ceiling: 7600 m.

Practical range: 2250 km.

Engines: 2 TVD Rolls Royce Dart RDa.7Mk. 536-2

Crew: 2-3 people

Number of passengers: up to 58 places

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