Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress



Boeing B-52 Stratofortress - The US strategic bomber replaced the Boeing B-29. The B-52 aircraft entered service in 1951 and since then has been one of the main bombers. Its exceptional longevity is due to the fact that when it was created, it was possible to carry out modernization. This concerned primarily the replacement of onboard equipment and weapons with more modern ones. The combat capabilities of a strategic bomber are very high, as evidenced by the results of the participation of this aircraft in almost all the hostilities that the United States fought in the second half of the XNUMXth century.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

The aircraft Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, or as it is called, "Stratospheric fortress" is a heavy strategic bomber for intercontinental flights with bomb load on board. This machine was designed by American designers for the Air Force in 1955 year.

The main objective in the design was the replacement of less-efficient old bomber type B-36. The new machine could carry out flights at altitudes in 15 kilometers while carrying powerful weapons, which could go and nuclear. Yet the main task of the unit was delivering thermonuclear bombs on Soviet territory. This machine is a record of all combat aircraft for the flight range, but the Soviet Union had its counterweight in the form of the Tu-95. In addition, in-52 used for military purposes more than 50 years.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

Despite the fact that this machine was designed during the Cold War, and today she is still in service and will be used to 2040 years. In use, the aircraft will undergo constant upgrades. Thus, according to the latest figures, the US government plans to spend on upgrading about 12 billion.

A brief history of the creation and use of aircraft Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

After the development of the aircraft in-52 it was prepared by three flying prototypes. The first aircraft of this type took off in August 1954 years. Mass production of these machines are quite active as to the 62 744, it was ready to such apparatus and its various modifications. The best-known modifications are models GB-52G and OB 52R that used primarily for pilot training. It was also established model NB-52, whose main focus was the launch of a new generation of hypersonic aircraft with the designation X-15.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

The aircraft is the holder of many world records, they are mainly concerned range. So, with the help of the flight it was carried out without landing around the Americas. Conducted flights over the pole, and the car made its way into the 27 thousand kilometers. In winter, the link 57 three aircraft in-52 made a round the world flight, the distance which was almost 40 thousand kilometers. For this purpose machines needed 45 hours at 850 velocity in km / h. Combat missions with the discharge of the hydrogen bomb was made 21 May 56 years.

These planes made constant vigil on the strategic US bases and were ready to make a departure from nuclear weapons on board. But 88, the number of databases with data bombers dropped to 12 pieces. In the early 90-ies on constant alert was about 40 machines of this type. Due to the fact that the car was designed to fly at high altitudes and release powerful bombs, the system run, by and large, it was not necessary, yet the designers have equipped the machine with an optical sight.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress cabin

Comparing the new aircraft with the previous B-29 bomber, it can be concluded that the new machine had a significantly higher horizontal flight speed and at the same time could rise to greater heights. This means that the designers of B-52 have achieved the tasks assigned to them. In addition, these indicators increased the survivability of the apparatus during combat operations. The creators of this project spent a lot of time to ensure that this machine could easily go to low altitudes and perform more complex maneuvers. For this purpose, a number of hull systems were strengthened. Nevertheless, it should be noted that the B-52 reacted strongly to the change in the flow of winds. This was due to the large mass of the structure and sufficiently large wings, which had insufficient rigidity.

Design features bomber Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

The machine is made in the normal aerodynamic scheme in which the wings are located high. In order to ensure separation from the runway and rather high horizontal velocity of the vehicle has been equipped with 8 engines that were attached to the paired nacelle mounted on the wings. The aircraft was equipped with a powerful system of bicycle landing gear. Various modifications of the bomber had different resource exploitation. Thus, model B-52D was calculated 6 thousand hours of flight, and the model in-52 G / H can be used for 12,5 thousand hours.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

As for the wings, they have been made in decompression scheme using two beam side members of metal. They had an arrow-shaped, with a sweep angle reached 37 degrees on the leading edge. The fuselage of the machine wings were attached at an angle of 8 °.

The fuselage of the machine is built as a monocoque structure and has an oval cross-section, with the flat side walls. The nose compartment device installed cockpit. It should be noted that control this unit should 6 crew members. The cabin was low, which does not allow pilots to move in full growth. As mentioned earlier, the case has been strengthened by the installation of the septum, which connected the tail and the central compartment of the bomber. It was thought a new, more powerful paneling.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress Photo

Despite the fact that designers have been developed, many modifications of the machine, in all cases the geometric dimensions remain unchanged, except for the length of the keel. In order to reduce the visibility of the ground-52 the lower portion stained white who defended the plane and powerful radiation from the explosion of a nuclear bomb.

For a more effective operation of the aircraft found a set of systems, among which were:

  • air conditioning system, which worked on the compressors mounted on motors;

  • system responsible for the management of mechanical wiring;

  • system to maintain normal microclimate in the cockpit to fly at high altitudes, oxygen tanks with a capacity 8 liters;

  • emergency power system with regulators and current transducers that allow the flight to continue effective;

  • heating system wings and the housing, which prevents their in-flight icing.

As regards navigation equipment, it was similar in all models in-52. All machines of this type have a powerful radar installations that were active, ie may cause radio interference and misinformed action. To protect against attacks on enemy aircraft set traps and infrared reflectors dipole type.

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress Photo 2

At this time, project-52 The aircraft continues to evolve and modernize because it is quite relevant and in demand in the US Air Force. To obtain the desired characteristics of the designers working on many programs. Basically, the machine is ready for military action by non-nuclear weapons on board. So, due to improvements in 80-ies on the wings were installed holders for the new generation of missiles. This greatly increased the combat power of the aircraft Boeing B-52 Stratofortress.


B-52 video



Boeing B-52 Stratofortress characteristics:

Modification   B-52G
Wingspan, m   56.39
Aircraft Length m   48.03
Height, m   12.40
Wing area, m2   371.60
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   76405
  normal takeoff   137272
  maximum take-off   221352
engine's type   8 turbojet engine Pratt & Whitney J57-P-43WВ
Link unforced, kgf  
  nominal   8 x 5080
  water injection   X 8 6240
Maximum speed km / h   1024
Cruising speed, km / h   842
Ferry range, km   12836
Combat range, km   6600
Max. climb, m / min   1661
Practical ceiling, m   14326
Crew   6
Armament:  four 12.7-mm machine gun M3
 Bomb load up to 22680 kg


Military aviation