Bomber aviation is one of the types of Frontline Aviation of the air force of the armed forces of the state, designed to destroy ground (surface), including small and mobile, objects in the tactical and immediate operational depth of enemy defense using nuclear and conventional weapons

Appointment bombers and its tasks

Appointment bombers - Action for terrestrial troops in close cooperation with them and perform independent combat missions.

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Bombers 1

Easy bombers normally included in military aviation, the front and the high command. It is charged with the task, both operational and tactical significance.

Easy bombers used in conjunction with other types of aircraft, independently and in cooperation with the ground forces on the battlefield.

Used it for action on the following objectives:

  • a) concentration of troops;
  • b) the enemy defenses;
  • c) controls the troops - headquarters and communication centers;
  • g) databases of supply;
  • d) level and rail and underground waterways;
  • e) enemy aircraft, located on the ground.

In addition, light bombers could be tasked to provide air counter enemy invasion.

Average bombers for use closer to severe, but sometimes it can be used on the battlefield.

Bombers 3

Heavy bombers is the means of the high command and the command of the front. Basically designed to carry out strategic and operational objectives of the front scale and only in some cases may be temporarily required to perform military tasks.

Heavy bomber aviation, according to the views of bourgeois military specialists, can be used particularly fully in the initial period of the war. Its main tasks will be the destruction of the enemy's means, which enable him to wage war, and the disorganization of the entire political and economic life of the enemy country. From these basic tasks follows the need to use heavy bomber aircraft for the entire possible range of its operations, seeking to cover the enemy's deep rear, with simultaneous impact on the sea and land routes connecting it by other states.


Hence the object of the action likely heavy bombers will be:

  • a) large military, administrative and political centers;
  • b) economic centers and facilities in the main regions of the mining and manufacturing industries;
  • c) rail, sea and air transport;
  • d) warehouses of various kinds of supplies, mainly located in the deep rear and being the main sources of food for the troops and population of the country;
  • e) fortified areas, fortresses, naval bases and aviation centers;
  • f) manpower representing strategic reserves.

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Application bombers in different conditions

Strategic use of bombers in the interests of the front and the high command. When applying strategic bombers objectives it will:

  • a) prohibiting the transfer of large strategic reserves of the enemy from the depths of the enemy country to the front and from one front to another, with the destruction of railway junctions and sections of both direct and bypass, and sometimes sea ports;
  • b) the conquest of operational air supremacy by striking at aviation centers, factories, bases and airfields located both directly in the front line and at great depths in the enemy's position;
  • c) disorganization of its rear and the destruction of combat stocks and other sources of power for troops to weaken the enemy's resistance, with an attack on its front lines of communication and stockpiles concentrated on them, as well as communication and command centers;
  • d) the destruction of the navy at its bases and in the areas of operations, both independently and in cooperation with naval forces. "

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Operational use of bombers in the interests of the army. Bombers used for the benefit of the army or her subordinates, performs the tasks:

  • a) to ensure air superiority (supremacy) in the interests of the operation;
  • b) to isolate for a certain period of time enemy troops operating at the front of the army from their rear so that they cannot be reinforced with reserves, reinforcements and use the combat reserves being advanced to them;
  • c) on the impact on operational reserves moving to the front of the army by unpaved routes or located in areas of concentration;
  • d) to support the flank of the army, to which the enemy's motorized equipment or cavalry are being advanced;
  • e) to disorganize the command and control apparatus;
  • f) to counter the landing of amphibious assault forces.

Maintenance of light and heavy bombers

In the first case, the objects of bombing aviation will be aircraft plants, aviation warehouses, aviation training centers, airfield units and separate airfields, permanent and field, with the latter being destroyed by the material part, the personnel, and in exceptional cases the flying fields will become useless. In the second case, the railway junctions, stations and depots of stocks located on them, and in the rear of the rear, and the railroads, the amount of destruction will differ depending on the goals (complete or partial destruction, determined by the time at which the object is destroyed).

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When the bombardment of railway junctions and stations will be the destruction of objects: Turnout streets on the tracks locomotive depot and water lifting vodoemnye building; Office of the arrows; rolling on the tracks. When bombardment spans applied to the destruction of several spans, and possibly more locations on each stretch.


The third and fourth cases, the object of the action bombers are infantry with reinforcements, and the horsemen motomehchasta both located on-site and are in motion; In the fifth case - a radio station, and administrative units of the railway connection and its separate lines, large military headquarters, and so on. etc .; In six cases - sea transport and combat fleet at the moment of approaching the landing area and during the landing.

Using bombers in cooperation with ground forces.

As the experience of modern warfare, the use of bombers on the battlefield in conjunction with ground-based "forces provides the most positive results. Therefore, we must assume that directly over the battlefield and tactical rear of the enemy will be used as light and medium bombers. It is possible to use directions decisive blow sometimes heavy bombers.

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When the attack on the defending enemy bombers to be responsible for:

  • a) impact on the entire enemy defense system before ground forces enter the battle in order to interfere with the production of engineering work and (to partially destroy the already completed work;
  • b) strengthening the artillery preparation of the offensive by bombarding both the front edge of the defense and individual nodes of enemy resistance;
  • c) bombardment of the discovered enemy reserves and his artillery and tanks;
  • d) disruption of the work of the rear and management;
  • e) impact on the enemy's rear line of defense with the same goals as in the first case;
  • f) prohibiting the approach of enemy reserves.

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During a meeting engagement, the use of bombers expressed:

  • a) in attacks on columns of enemy troops, both in oncoming traffic and out on the flanks of their troops;
  • b) in attacks on enemy troops located in concentrated formations (on vacation, at crossings, etc.);
  • c) in attacks on enemy artillery in its firing positions and tanks in wait-and-see positions;
  • d) in violation of the work of the enemy's rear.

In a defensive battle bombers used to increase the power of artillery counter and to attack enemy troops in their approach to the defensive zone. In the case of the breakthrough infantry and mechanized units of the enemy bombers assists counterattack, eliminating the broken through part. It can be used to cut off the enemy's echelons directed into the resulting break, as well as to influence the enemy's artillery and airborne troops, landed in the rear.

When the persecution during the battle out of the bombers used for the same objects as ground attack aircraft.


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