Cessna 208 Caravan
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Cessna 208 Caravan

Cessna 208 Caravan. Photo. Video. Driving salon. Characteristics. Reviews.

 

 

Cessna 208 Caravan "Cessna 208" (Cessna 208ACaravan, 208BGrand Caravan, CaravanAmphibian) is a light American single-engine turboprop aircraft for general use with a landing gear that does not retract. It has been produced by the Cessna company in various modifications since 1984 (cargo-passenger, passenger, amphibious aircraft, cargo,). It is used on short duration air lines.

The crew of the aircraft includes a pilot (in the performance of commercial flights using instrument flight rules - two pilots), the base model carries nine passengers (up to thirteen passengers plus one pilot with permission FAA).

 

Design

 

The design of a turboprop aircraft for general aviation applications began in 1980. The prototype Cessna 208 Caravan took off on 08.08.1982/1984/XNUMX, after which certification and testing work was carried out for two years. The first aircraft launched into series appeared in XNUMX, at the same time the Federal Aviation Administration issued a certificate of airworthiness for the aircraft.

 

Cessna 208 Caravan 321

 

Back in 1983, during the process of working on the aircraft, an order was received for a cargo version from a major air carrier - Federal Express. A variation called "Cargomaster" was developed on the basis of Cessna208, 40 units were delivered to the customer. The collaboration continued with a second order from Federal Express. An expanded aircraft, the Super Cargomaster, was designed, and its airworthiness tests began on 03.03.1986. We received a certificate of airworthiness in 1988, and delivered 260 aircraft under contracts. This aircraft was produced in passenger execution in 1990, a variation was named Grand Caravan.

 

Production

 

 More than 1989 Cessna370 aircraft were delivered to customers by the end of 208. The threshold of a thousand devices was crossed in 1998. More than sixty percent of this number were sold to other countries.

The aircraft can operate in various conditions of use, in various climatic zones. Variations are made on different chassis with which the Cessna208 airframe is equipped. In addition to the usual chassis made of wheels, there are converted versions for snow conditions on skis, a version with large tires for non-equipped airfields and a version with floats for the CaravanAmphibian amphibian.

 

Cessna 208 Caravan Salon

Cessna 208 Caravan Salon

 

The fuselage can be equipped with a cargo compartment or passenger seats. The passenger seats are arranged in four rows of three or two. Such a modification allows, if necessary, to take on board up to thirteen passengers. The ratio between the number of passengers and the number of cargo can be different: you can remove any number of seats, freeing for cargo and luggage space or leaving a free space. The use of podnishchevym cargo holdings significantly increases the aircraft's capabilities. With the help of them, you can make a large cargo capacity, or put additional seats for passengers by moving the passengers' luggage from the passenger compartment to these compartments.

Work on ensuring flight safety, compliance with modern requirements and pilot comfort continues: 28.04.2008/1000/XNUMX Cessna announced that the Garmin GXNUMX navigation system will be installed in the cockpit. It has computerized graphic displays as standard equipment on all modern Caravan aircraft.

 

variations

 

In addition to the two tasks assigned to the project - the transportation of goods and passengers, military variations of the aircraft were also made.

Transportation of passengers

1984 Cessna208. Caravan I. Basic initial version

1986 Cessna208. GrandCaravan. A longer version with a capacity of up to thirteen passengers

1990 Cessna208B. GrandCaravan. A longer version with a capacity of up to thirteen passengers. Later, we began to put a more powerful engine PT6A114A

1997 Cessna 208675. Installed over thirteen

1997 CaravanAmphibian. Replaced wheel chassis on the floats (consisting of floats there are also wheels)

1997 SoloyPathfinder21. Soloy sets on the plane two motors PT6D114A, which rotate a propeller.

2013 Cessna208B. GrandCaravanEX. A more powerful PT6A140 motor is installed.

Transportation of goods

1984 Cessna208A. Cargomaster. Added all-weather airborne equipment fuselage windowless ventral container.

1998 Cessna 208B SuperCargomaster. Compared to the Cessna208A Cargomaster, the fuselage is 1.2 meters longer.

 

Sandartnogo scheme salon

Cessna 208 Caravan scheme salon

 

The main operators:

 

 Kazakhstan

Sky Service.

 Russia

PANH;

Ak Bars Aero.

 Colombia

Patagonia Airlines.

 Brazil

SETELinhas Aéreas.

 Paraguay

ConcretMix SA

 Panama

Aeroperlas; Air Panama.

France

Air Caraïbes; Finist'air.

 Chile

Aerocivil (regulator).

  USA

Castle Aviation; Federal Express; Kenmore Air; Mokulele Airlines; NewMexico Airlines; PacificWings Airlines; PriorityAir Charter.

 

Characteristics of the Cessna Caravan aircraft:

 

Length: 12,67m.

Height: 4,52m.

Empty weight: 2050kg.

Wingspan: 15,88m.

Wing area: 25,96sqm

Maximum speed: 352km / h..

Cruising speed: 341km / h..

Ceiling: 4200m.

Range with maximum load: 1200km.

Engines: 1hTVD PrattWhitney Canada PT6A114A.

Link: 1h503KVt.

Crew: 1-2cheloveka.

Number of seats: 9-13mest.

Cargo capacity in the cargo version: 1315kg.

Weight Fuel 1009t.

Maximum takeoff weight: 3969t.

the run length: 585m.

 

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