Chengdu J-20
Chengdu J-20

Chengdu J-20


Chinese military fighter 5-generation of Western classification Chengdu J-20 is the latest combat aircraft China. Despite the fact that its production is still not fully completed, it is safe to say that the recent improvements are carried out in this regard, and most likely, as expected, the new combat fighter in the Air Force will arrive in China already 2017 year.



It is worth noting that the PRC authorities do not at all hide the fact that they are engaged in developments in this area, especially since the first photographs of the new aircraft appeared back in 2010.

Developments fighters Chengdu J-20 or as it is referred to as "Black Eagle" began in 2002 year. In 2010 year held its first flight tests of the new combat air vehicle, but according to some media reports, the government was not fully satisfied with the quality and characteristics of the fighters Chengdu J-20, and thus gave time for revision. In the year 2012 60 occurred about test flights, which showed that the plane really very effective in flight and did not cause any difficulties in their management.

It is learned that the Chinese fighter aircraft 5-generation Russian aircraft engines are used, but if the project to establish a Russian military aircraft MiG 1.44 they came, for the Chinese military aircraft have become almost family.



There is also information and that Chinese combat fighter 5-generation Chengdu J-20 be unobtrusive for radar systems, what resembles its shape, similar to the shape of the US military fighter F-22. The authorities have also reported that their new aircraft will be more efficient than the US F-22, however, in terms of its cost it will be 15-20 percent cheaper.

Most of the data to create a Chinese fighter 5-generation is classified, and currently there is no information about the arming of the new aircraft.

Chengdu J-20

The Chinese government is currently actively embarked on improving the combat power of the army. First of all, they want to achieve this through the creation of new, higher-quality vehicles for the Air Force. That aircraft is the fifth-generation strike fighter under the name J-20. This project is currently in the final stages of research. Designers brought to full readiness of all systems and are working to resolve the problems. Due to this, it is not known exactly when this car will go into service in the army of China.


Design features fighter J-20


Fighter J-20 equipped with high-wing with a trapezoidal shape. The total wingspan 12,8 meters, moreover, the wings are offset to the rear of the machine. To control the flight of the rear of the wing is equipped with ailerons and flaps. A feature of 20-th model is the lack of a tail stabilizer, their function is performed by the canard horizontal form. This plumage is located on the fuselage of the machine for the air intakes. The tail fin mounted to the outer two off-axis.

Chengdu J-20

The hull of the aircraft has a modern, classical layout, which allows achieving high flight performance. The front part of the device is equipped with modern radio-electronic equipment, here is also equipped the cockpit. The middle part of the J-20 fighter is designed primarily for armament. Here there are holders for rockets, bombs and other types of aircraft weapons. The internal location of the main mass of impact power has allowed to reduce the visibility of the machine and increase aerodynamic qualities. The weight of the empty aircraft reaches 17,6 tons, and the take-off weight reaches 35 tons, at the moment there is no exact data on the maximum weight at take-off.


The whole process of separation and flight provides a powerful power plant, which includes two turbojet engines. The first prototypes were equipped with engines of the AL-31F class, which were delivered to China from Russia. Serial models in full-scale construction will be equipped with engines such as Xian WS-15, over which the designers of China are working. By all accounts, such engines in the afterburner mode will be able to provide thrust in 150 kN. Previously, it was said that J-20 can climb to an altitude of 16 kilometers and have a maximum speed of 2100 km / h, in addition, talked about the maximum range of flight in 3,4 thousands of kilometers. But in connection with the change in engines in the power plant, these parameters can significantly change.

Chengdu J-20

The system chassis has a classic tricycle scheme, during the flight of all the racks are placed in a niche of the fuselage. In all racks installed on one wheel, the nose wheel has a smaller diameter.


As for electronic equipment, its composition and quality have not been disclosed because of the high degree of secrecy. Yet it is known that J-20 has a new control system that has multiple redundant. In addition, the new fighter has the most modern sighting and navigation system.


At the moment, the Chinese have 4 5 generation fighter with the designation J-20. The latter prototype is significantly different from its predecessors due to the layout and location of some nodes. There are also changes in the fuselage, namely, it is significantly narrowed near the landing gear. The distance between the engines of the apparatus was increased. The chassis doors were also modified. 

Chengdu J-20 cabin


Specifications Chengdu J-20

  • Fighter crew: 1 person

  • Plane length: 20,3 m

  • Wingspan: 12,88 m

  • Plane height: 4,45 m

  • Maximum takeoff weight: 36300 kg

  • Fuel weight on board: 11100 kg

  • Engine: 2 turbojet engines 180 kN thrust with the possibility of afterburner

  • Maximum flight range: 5500 km

  • Combat radius: 2000 km

  • Absolute ceiling: 20000 m


Military aviation