One of the first and well-known manufacturers of Canada, which began to manufacture unmanned aerial vehicles, is the company Bombardier. Initially, the Canadair company, which later became part of a large aviation corporation Bombardier, developed the reconnaissance UAV model CL-89. Since 1959, this project has been sponsored by the governments of England and Canada. The German government also joined the development of the project in 1965.

The first order of unmanned machines such as the Bombardier CL-89 was 282 units. The device included a high-quality camera for reconnaissance of the ZeissKRb 8 / 24C model, the Vinten Type 201 IRLS system was used for reconnaissance operations at night, and it had lighting flares.

Start unmanned vehicle models CL-89 carried out using rocket boosters, installed on the machine, these boosters attached great traction in 22.24 kN. The launch was carried out from a special platform. The most active military purposes UAV was used by the army of Great Britain during operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield, which were held in the Persian Gulf. Besides Britain, BombardierCL-89 used by the armies of France, Canada, Italy and Germany. There were manufactured 500 such machines.

The car could carry out high-quality reconnaissance and take-off with a maximum mass of 156 kilogram, while the speed ceiling was equal to 740 km / h. On board could be attached to 20 kilogram payload. The range of the unmanned aerial vehicle was 60 kilometers.

CL-89. Characteristics:

Modification CL-89
Wingspan, m 0.94
Aircraft Length m 2.60
Diameter, m 0.33
Weight, kg
empty 78.2
maximum take-off 108
maximum takeoff with accelerator 156
engine's type 1 TRD Williams WR2-6
Thrust, kN X 1 0.56
Maximum speed km / h 741
Radius of action, km
normal 60
with additional tank 70
Practical ceiling, m 3050
Payload: 17-20 kg of various equipment

Other UAVs