Frontal Aviation of Russia and the USSR
Frontal Aviation of Russia and the USSR

Frontal Aviation of Russia and the USSR


Frontal Aviation (FA) was born before World War I (WWI), at the same time and had the first experience. Before the start of the Second World War (WWII) in the Soviet Union FA was represented by Intelligence divisions, bomber and fighter aircraft. After the war, the FA was widely used in local conflicts and wars. In 70-ies of XX century began to expand its capacity due to the emergence of various purpose helicopters, aircraft and UAVs.

Frontal Aviation of the USSR was a kind Air Force aircraft of the Soviet Union, the main purpose of which was to destroy nuclear missiles enemy aircraft, reserves and strategically important facilities, land and naval forces, as well as the implementation of the cover and the support of their own land and air forces.


To perform this kind of operation was divided into FA kind: assault, fighter, bomber, fighter-bomber, reconnaissance, transport and special aviation.

Russian Air Force are presented as a separate type of the Armed Forces to 1998 years. Russian FA is formed of air defense and air force. The main purpose:

  • Reflection attacks in the air and space spheres.
  • Protection from air strikes objects senior military and state the type of management, administrative and political centers, the main points of the infrastructure and economy of the country, the industrial and economic areas, the main groups of military forces.
  • Implementation of the forces and defeat enemy targets using conventional, high precision, and the type of nuclear weapons.
  • Implementation of air support troop operations of all types of aircraft.

In the Air Force include:

  • Aviation.
  • Anti-aircraft missile and radar troops.
  • Special communications troops, intelligence, radio, NBC, Surveying, engineering, aeronautical and logistic.
  • Protection unit VU and medical organizations.

Air Force aircraft structure consists of long-distance, tactical, military transport and military aviation. Their composition can be fighter, bomber, reconnaissance, transport and special aviation.


The history of Russian and Soviet tactical aviation


Before WWI and before the Soviet Union as the sun was Imperial air force. It existed between 1910 1917 years on, though with a little story, WWF Russian Empire was considered one of the best in the world. WWF was divided into squadrons, which included aircraft from the amount of up to 6 10. Together, they were united in the air group. There were a few.

In 1904, Zhukovsky took direct part in the creation of the first Aerodynamic Institute in Kutchino, near Moscow. In 1910, the head of the state purchased in France planes. In 1913, Sikorsky built the four-engine biplane "Russian Vityaz" and bomber "Ilya Muromets". The first Arctic flights Russian aviators were committed in 1914 year. At the beginning of WWI, Russia was the largest air fleet - 263 aircraft. For the period October 1917 years as part of the WWF there 700 aircraft. Superiority in the amount was given to other countries.

The period of the USSR


The Soviet Air Force founded in 1918 year. They were called - the Workers' and Peasants Red Air Fleet. By the end of the 30-ies, mass production of bombers TB-1 and TB-3 and I-15 and I-16 fighters began. Great development began in the middle of 30-ies. The number of aircraft in the period from 29 to 37-th year increased almost eight times. Also, the total number of preparatory and educational institutions of the Air Force began to grow, and the quality of education improved. For the period of 1937, 23 counted thousands of cadets. At the end of 1937, there were 3007 aircraft of various classes on the bases of training flying schools. The first serious test and experience of the Air Force of the Red Army received in the Civil War in Spain.

In 1939, the Air Force took part in the Soviet-Finnish war. For all time of the campaign of the USSR lost 627 aircraft. In comparison with the Finnish air force, which was much weaker Soviet Air Force suffered heavy losses.


By June, the industry 1941 17745 combat aircraft of different classes have been prepared. Of these, 706 were completely new. During the war the Soviet Union prepared a pilot 44093, 27600 of them were killed in battle.

After the victory in the WWII Soviet Air Force has been seriously upgraded. To develop a new technique. By the end of 80-ies among the Air Force, there were 10000 aircraft. By this time, I began to organize bomber, fighter-bomber, reconnaissance, fighter and sanitary aviation. In the Air Force during 60 - 80-ies formed a front-line, long-distance, and military transport aircraft. Soviet air defense troops were separate sun views, which included their own air force.


At the end of 80-ies started the development of fifth generation fighter aircraft - MiG 1.44 and 37-C. Projects and nebyli brought to an end due to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the economic crisis.

Formation of Russian tactical aviation after the collapse of the USSR


In December 91-year legacy of Soviet aviation was divided between the 15-yu countries. As a result of the division of Russia received about 65% of personnel and equipment 40% Air Force staff. During the two Chechen campaigns (94 - 96-th and 99 - 02-th year), the Russian Air Force took an active part.

The degradation of the country's air force spread very quickly in the 90s. There was a massive decline in the number of personnel and aircraft. Decreased funding. By the beginning of 2009, the process of overhaul and modernization began. Development continued over fifth-generation fighters - the PAK FA. At the end of January 2010, the first flight of such an aircraft occurred.