Hamburg Aviation Plant
Hamburg Aviation Plant

Hamburg Aviation Plant



The plant itself is located on the banks of the river Elbe near Hamburg. In addition to the assembly hangar in the vast territory also has the body design and engineering bureau. Total factory in Hamburg 19 thousand people.

Of the thirty-six airplanes and thirty-three-thirty-four gather in Hamburg, of them 1,8 A380 copies per month. In Hamburg in December 2009 year produced a record number of aircraft - sixty-two.

Angara, where finally collected A380 currently closed to visitors. Passing from one shed to another may view all the main aircraft manufacturing stages: from a structural framework to brilliant glare of the airliner, which may have to inspect the customer.

On the territory of the plant is strictly forbidden to take pictures.

So what is the process of final assembly of the aircraft?

Hamburg Aviation Plant 1


The main part of the cabin is produced in different countries:

 in Germany, the tail - (Hamburg, Bremen);

in Spain - the nose ” 

 in Germany and France - elements of the fuselage itself;

in the UK - the wings. 

then Airbus A300, one of the largest transport and cargo planes in the world, also known as the Beluga, the components of the cockpit are transported to the Hamburg Aviation Plant. ... In total, five such aircraft have been produced in the world, one of them is used in commercial cargo aviation, that is, transferred to the foreign market, and four are working to satisfy the needs of their own production, for Airbus plants. Each working plane makes up to three to five flights between Airbus enterprises during a working day. Boeing has used a similar DreamLifter transport aircraft for the past five years, previously using railroad transportation.

Airbus A300 Beluga can easily accommodate any components from aircraft of the type A330, A320, A340.

Loading and unloading of items held in an orderly and smoothly:

Now a little about the activities of individual departments.

Shop number 1.

Is the assembly shop to interconnect parts of the fuselage:

Shop number 2. 

It is a room in which the filling of the cabin electronics and other systems takes place. All operations are performed manually only! There are no robots or conveyors like in car factories. In each hangar there are demonstration stands, monitors with short videos about what is happening here. Everywhere there is perfect cleanliness and order, impressive cranes, equipment and tractors. Almost everywhere you can get very close and see the process in detail. It's one thing to just fly on an airplane, but it is quite different to see such a variety of different hoses, wires, connectors that go almost everywhere on the plane.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 2


There is also a stand, which clearly shows the quality of the assembly. Each nut or screw is marked with a specialized strip of paint, which allows you to see when adjusting whether the connection has not been unscrewed. In the same place, in a hanging position, there is a fragment of an electrical harness - it is very neatly assembled and pulled with clamps just a centimeter, which guarantees resistance to vibrations. Separately, they talk about the huge list of tests and quality control performed and which the aircraft goes through at each stage of construction. It is the excellent build quality that is an assurance that the aircraft will serve its operational life, which is often at least twenty-five years.


Shop number 3.

Here comes the cockpit and the fuselage with wings joint. The tail in this shop already painted in the colors of the customer, the airline that is still in the early stages of production already used an individual approach, for example, applied decals. And here are the constituent elements of these different shades of green that determine the country of manufacture of a composite element (Spain, Germany, France, England).


Shop number 4.

And finally, the last stage of direct installation is the installation of motors. Engines come from different manufacturers depending on the specific model and the customer's wishes (Snecma CFM, IAE, Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, General Electric).


Shop number 5.

In the last hangar there is a complete painting of all parts of the aircraft, it is closed to the public. On site Nearby are ready for delivery and final inspection by the customer ready planes. It is interesting to note the wide variety of liveries of airlines from around the world.

At the moment, the Airbus family of aircraft, the most popular in the world, is the A320. Now almost 4500 copies have already been made. At the moment, the entire order is 6700 What kind of crisis for the Airbus manufacturer can we talk about ?! :)

An interesting fact is that China has bought more than 1200 A320 type aircraft.

The development and design of A380 took about ten years, as a result of the cost of the program was about 12 billion euros. Airbus argues that in order to return the money spent on the development and construction of A380 necessary to realize 420 aircraft, although other estimates of independent analysts, not working on the Airbus figure could be much higher. In terms of a passenger A380 Fuel consumption 17 percent less than the "Boeing-747". It should be in every plane pave astronomical figure 530 kilometers of wiring: 100 000 separate current-carrying wires and 40 300 connecting them. The cost of the aircraft 430 million. dollars.

Hamburg Aviation Plant 3


The rear and forward fuselage sections are lowered horizontally onto Airbus' Ville de Bordeaux in Hamburg, Northern Germany, from where they are sent to the UK. The wing consoles, produced in Bravtin, a town located in North Wales and Filton, a town in Bristol, were then delivered by barge to Mastin where, along with the existing Ville de Bordeaux sections, they loaded them aboard the ship. Then the ship called for some more sections in Saint-Nazaire, a town located in Western France, and then the ship is unloaded in Bordeaux.

Then the boat takes on board your tail section and the lower part of the fuselage in Cadiz, a town located in southern Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux. From there, the constituent elements A380 transported by barge to Langon, the town is located in the Gironde, and then overland transport to the assembly hall in Toulouse. new barges and canals built to transport the individual elements A380 roads were widened. After all this, the planes are sent to Hamburg, where oboruduyutsyai painted.

A380 able to make non-stop flights on distance to 15 200 kilometers. Pasaazhirovmestimost - 525 people in three classes of cabin, 853 passenger in a single-class configuration. In single-class layout already made two copies of the aircraft.

That's the way going A380 Airbus assembly process.

Overall - this is a stunner: the ability to live to see the process, go through the assembly hangar, where a breathtaking scale by all that is happening.


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