Scout is a tactical reconnaissance drone created by the Israeli company IAI. The drone is denoted as Zahavan (in Hebrew). It was created in 1970's to compete with the Tadiran Mastiff UAV. The layout of the Scout is similar to the layout of the Mastiff drone - on the central gondola there is a two-beam scheme with a pushing screw, a gyro-stabilized turreted installation and a three-axle non-retractable landing gear.     

Scout was first unveiled in 1979 year's Paris Air Show. Its primary goal - exploration of the battlefield. In addition, it can be used for targeting, monitoring and fighting as an artillery gunner.

To perform these tasks the UAV was equipped with a TV camera Tamam with transmission systems for GCS in real time and telephoto lenses. In addition, it is set panoramic camera and an infrared sensor. Intelligence complex consists of eight UAVs, conveyor, ground station navigation and twelve staff. The unit is part of CB weapons and the Israeli Air Force, the South African Air Force, the Air Force of Singapore and NE Switzerland.

Scout was used in military operations against Lebanon and Syria, including an operation in 1982 called Peace for Galilee. At that time, anti-aircraft missile systems, which were located in the Bekaa Valley (Eastern Lebanon), were in the priority for the Israeli air force. All twenty-eight positions the Israeli military managed to destroy largely due to the use of unmanned Sampson targets and, of course, thanks to the information that was obtained through the Mastiff and Scout UAVs. The successful experience of combat use of drones was highly appreciated in the world and, first of all, in the USA. Somewhat later, the US acquainted personally with this technique during its own intervention in Lebanon.

The company "Malat" supply the market the UAV Mastiff and Scout with different target hardware over 10 years. Typically, UAVs Scout with fixed landing gear was run off the road and airfield. Landing short mileage was possible thanks to the rope arresting gear, I was allowed to take off the catapult (on Loader) and landing using delaying network. UAV remained in service with the Israeli army before 90-s, when it was replaced by a more modern UAV IAI Searcher.

IAI SCOUT. Characteristics:

Modification   Scout
Wingspan, m   4.96
Length m   3.68
Height, m   0.94
Weight, kg  
  empty   96
  payload   38
  Fuel   25
  maximum take-off   159
engine's type   1 AP
Power, hp   X 1 22
Maximum speed km / h   176
Cruising speed, km / h   102
Range, km   100
Flight duration, h   7
ceiling   4575


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