Ilyushin Il-16


Sturmovik IL-16 is a further development of the known IL-10. The most noticeable difference between these machines is that the new car is shorter than its predecessor by one meter. The plane was designed in the year 1945 forces Ilyushin Design Bureau. The power plant of the aircraft consisted of two types of engines AM 43NV. These motors can develop capacity of 2,3 thousand horsepower. The machine was adopted, similar to the aircraft IL-2. The maximum speed of the machine becomes 576 km / h. In spite of all, she did not get into mass manufacturing. Basically it could be explained by constant technical problems. The biggest problems were related to the screw-motor system. Serial production was canceled because of the uselessness of the aircraft, as the war was finished.

Design features of the Il-16

The aircraft model Il-10 was the standard Soviet attack aircraft of World War II, which is why a new device was developed based on it, which is to achieve even better flight characteristics. Upon completion of state tests Il-10 was begun designing a new IL-16.


For the new aircraft, a more powerful engine was made in the design bureau of A. Mikulina. According to the design and aerodynamic parameters, the IL-16 was very similar to the original machine. The difference was a smaller mass and some geometric parameters. Due to all this, the attack aircraft was to reach a speed of up to 625 km / h. In addition, a sturdy construction and a great deal of tyagovoruzhnostnost should have allowed to perform even the most complex figures of aerobatics. The aircraft had a reservation that repeated all the forms of the previous model, the difference was the thickness of the armor itself. On the IL-16 armor was thinner, it allowed to reduce the overall weight of the structure. At the same time, the area of ​​the aircraft was increased, which did not have armor.

IL-16 video

The armament was represented by two large-caliber guns of the type NS-23. These settings could produce 280 volleys. Two types of SHKAS machine guns were included in the armament, with which ammunition in 1400 cartridges was installed. All weapons are placed on the detachable parts of the wings. The maximum bomb load of the machine was 400 kilograms. Bombs were placed in the inner compartment of the aircraft. In addition, the bomb could be strengthened on an external suspension. With further modifications of the device, the bomb load was increased to 500 kilograms. The tail part of the car was protected by a gun of the type UB-20, which had an ammunition in 150 cartridges. To protect from the enemy on board the IL-16 were aviation grenades class AG-2.


Despite the fact that the new and old weapons attack aircraft were identical, IL-16 has many advantages due to its speed and maneuverability. At the time, it was such a device does not have enough at the front. After that, the project began to prepare for serial production.

The first full-fledged Il-16 was created at the beginning of 45 year at the serial plant. At the first departure the car was operated by an experienced test-tester V.K. The Kokkinaki. This flight showed that at a high power and relatively short fuselage the car is difficult to hold in a horizontal flight. To solve this problem, the designers extended the tail part by half a meter and increased the total plumage area, trim tabs were added to the steering controls. With improved aerodynamics, the aircraft also needed to refine the power plant. In the end, the car did not finish working, as the project was closed in the middle of summer 1946.

IL-16 characteristics:

Modification   IL-16
Wingspan, m   12.50
Length m   10.69
Height, m   3.60
Wing area, m2   24.00
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   4315
  normal takeoff   5780
engine's type   1 PD Mikulin AM-43HV
Power, hp  
  nominal   X 1 2000
  takeoff   X 1 2300
Maximum speed km / h  
  near the ground   529
  on high   576
Practical range, km   800
Rate of climb, m / min   658
Practical ceiling, m   7600
Crew   2
Armament:   Two 23-mm guns ВЯ-23 or НС-23 (mounted on the wing) and 12.7 machine gun UBS with rear
 up to 8 PC-82 or PC-132
 bomb load - normal version - 400 kg



On the creation of a new aircraft Ilyushin IL 16 pushed high flight tactical opportunities the Il 10, the ability of the aircraft to conduct an active dogfight with enemy fighters. Taking as a base the design basis IL 10, CB Ilyushin start work on the creation of more high-speed and maneuverable attack aircraft IL 16 facilitated type that unfolded in 1944 year, almost immediately after the IL 10 tests.
IL16 designed for the new, more powerful engine (2300l.s.), Created in OKB Mikulin. According to his scheme and basic design decisions IL 16 was virtually identical to the IL 10, but was slightly lower with it dimensions and weight, which in combination with a more powerful engine allowed to reach a maximum speed of 625km / h. Durability IL 16 design allowed him to safely perform all the stunts.
Aircraft armament consisted of 2 23 guns and machine guns IS2 ShKAS. As the aircraft was able to carry a bomb stockpile until 400 kg, and in the process of finalizing this value was increased to 500 kg.
As regards the protection system, IL16 reservation scheme remained the same as in the IL 10, but the armor thickness of some elements has been reduced.
Thus, according to their design data IL16 I had almost the same with IL10 power of offensive and defensive weapons, but far superior to its predecessor in technical characteristics. Accordingly, the combat effectiveness of the new plane was higher. Front desperately needed in this attack aircraft, so even before the flight test pilot IL16 began preparations for its mass production.
The prototype was built by the beginning of the year 1945, and began flight tests, during which revealed some design flaws. The main problem was the engine, which had certain deficiencies and required improvements.
Work on the final design of the aircraft have been completed, it has become more stable and manageable in the air, but as expected the engine MD43NV failed to bring to the desired state, the summer of 1946 years of work on the aircraft IL16 were discontinued.