Ilyushin Il-20


IL-20 - aircraft electronic intelligence and electronic warfare at based IL-18Equipped with infrared scanner, side-looking radar and other sensors.

The plane of complex photo reconnaissance, radio electronic reconnaissance and radio interception of Il-20 was created in 1968 on the basis of IL-18. It was used for reconnaissance along the border strip and the state border and is considered the first in the Soviet Union to be an reconnaissance aircraft. A radio-technical reconnaissance station and cameras for aerial photography are set up in front of the passenger cabin. The antenna of the radar station is located in the ventral gondola. Also on the Il-20 there is a station for detailed radio reconnaissance and radio intercept equipment. In the middle and front of the passenger cabin are seats for six operators of radio systems.


Head DBK (airborne reconnaissance complex) led the operating structure. The flight crew consists of five people. Lounge with simple dual passenger seats, wardrobe, cupboard and toilet equipped with the tail of the aircraft.

March 21 1968 of the first flight. SG Bliznyuk was the commander of the crew. In 1969 was completed test cycle.

IL-20 different from the original smaller aircraft flight weight, powerful engine and AI-20M increased to 5,4 thousand. Km flight range. Before 1974, the standard IL-20 (including modifications) produced at the Moscow Aviation aircraft plant "Banner of Labor." Part of the aircraft was rebuilt from IL-18D.


IL-20 not received any weapons on aircraft reconnaissance or other subdivisions of the Armed Forces of the USSR, but directly closed on the headquarters of the fleet or district, that is including in parts of the central government. Periodically perform reconnaissance planes took part in different exercises. Subsequently, as a result of physical and moral aging razvedapparatury aircraft remaining in service were converted for freight and passenger were used for transport of goods and personnel.

Modifications of IL-22 and IL-20Rt

Aircraft Il-20RT and IL-18RTL in 1980. Came into service and were created on the basis of IL-18D. They were based at the airfield of Krainy, which was on Baikonur. The flight crew consisted of six people plus an electrical engineer and five people who used an onboard measuring system: the operator of the SEV, the head of the SIP, the operator of the AFU, the engineer for the MA-9 MKTS and the engineer for the BRS-4S. Despite the fact that the aircraft were listed as VCS, they regularly performed the Navy or Strategic Missile Forces missions during the testing of cruise and ballistic missiles. Then the planes were transferred to the Navy, where they were used at the discretion of the command. The modification of 75 840 was sold and crashed in 2001. Only one aircraft was used for its intended purpose and was modernized.


On the basis of the Il-18D air command posts were created (or VzKP WCP) IL-22, equipped with closed code communication device. The crew of these aircraft include the officers command and control equipment and operators ASDs. On the right side of the luggage compartment hatch was the IL-18, which was used for the emergency evacuation of the airplane. All workstations were equipped with a cup under the parachute. The aircraft oxygen system is different.

IL and IL-22-20 often already been set up under the so-called standard Soviet "Aeroflot" and have a civil registration number. Also on the board next to the cabin, as well as in the passenger version of the aircraft, was the inscription "IL-18». Only a few cars were gray (Ball) color, such as IL-38.

Modifications of IL-20

  • · Il-18D "Igla" - an electronic reconnaissance aircraft, one aircraft was transformed.

  • · Il-20M - radio-technical reconnaissance aircraft. Twenty cars were produced.

  • Il-18RTL - aircraft measuring point designed for testing missile technology. One machine was re-equipped.

  • Il-20M1 - a vehicle with an improved electronic intelligence system.

  • Il-22 - an air command post with special communications. 14 aircraft were built. The Myasishchev Design Bureau underwent modernization.

  • · IL-20RT is an aircraft measuring point designed for testing missile technology. Four cars were manufactured.

  • Il-22M-11 - further modification of the VZKP. Produced 21 cars.

  • Il-22M-15 - the last modification of the VZKp. They released one plane, which went to Kazakhstan after the collapse of the USSR.


Nowadays JSC "IL" performs modernization and development of constructive work special purpose aircraft IL-22 and IL-20.

IL-20 characteristics:

Modification   IL-20
Wingspan, m   37.42
Aircraft Length m   35.90
Height, m   10.17
Wing area, m2   140.60
Weight, kg  
  empty aircraft   33760
  maximum take-off   64000
engine's type   4 HDD AI-20M
Power, hp   X 4 4250
Maximum speed km / h   675
Cruising speed, km / h   620
Practical range, km   6200
Practical ceiling, m   10000
Crew   13



OKB Ilyushin Aircraft

I watched a video on YouTube about how to behave in combat aircraft. Impressed! This is only the fuselage had some miserable-looking. In general, the plane like it, I would like to learn about it as much as possible.