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IOSA - audit of Operators' activities


Program IOSA (IATA Operational Safety Audit Programme) aims to audits of operators on the basis of standardized requirements for their activities (IOSA Standards and Recommended Practices - ISARPs). ISARPs specially designed IATA in 2001-2003gg. They contain relevant guidelines and guidance documents for the evaluation of the operational management and control (Operational Management and Control Systems) of operators. ISARPs based on a synthesis of international best practices of operators used SARPs ICAO and agreed principles of quality management of operators, who have passed the practical test and peer review a broad group of experts in this field.

Audits carried out by the Programme IOSA audit team included in the special, t. E. In relation to the Programme IOSA, IATA accredited organization (Audit Organization - JSC) 1. Positive results of the audit The operator receives IOSA Operator status (IOSA Operator) 2, which provided confirmation of re-test in two years (this does not rule out random audits). Based on the results of audits formed the corresponding database (IOSA Database), which is supposed to be used for monitoring.

IOSA program can be considered as one of the components of the system of international monitoring of aviation activity. By its undeniable advantages include: focus on sufficiently complex and significant object of regulation - of operators, which have the primary (primary) responsible for the airworthiness of the aircraft; the use of common methods and means of evaluation (ISARPs) virtually all aspects of the air carriers.

This Program reflects the desire of the IATA to internationally standardize the requirements for Operators' activities in the states, that is, the harmonization of the relevant parts of the systems of national Aviation Regulations. However, the issue of the mandatory nature of such audits for all Operators has not yet been resolved (currently, audit is mandatory only for IATA Operators), and there is not sufficient evidence for the possibility of conducting comparative assessments of the activities of air carriers of various states on the basis of ISARPs, which leads to uncertainty in use Its results for regulatory purposes.

With regard to the level of state regulation of HA implemented monitoring is mandatory and is included in the system of mandatory Guidelines and Documentation (Manuals and Documentation System). It provides the following functions with respect to the status of objects of regulation (regulatory system): collection (check measurement) data mode with a controlled acquisition, processing and analysis of data (in particular, the background to the appearance of the display changes) on the characteristics of the objects of regulation;

the use of standardized assessment criteria or indicators that are considered (for example, based on research findings) as an adequately defines the object of regulation and adequately interpreted (observability and indicative) structuring of data collected, providing the opportunity to identify the state, and the interaction of objects of regulation with a view to assessing and monitoring their continued compliance with applicable requirements and causes of non-compliance (identifiability and traceability).

Examples of mandatory monitoring in relation, for example, the system of state regulation of LH are:

at the state level:

  • a) data obtained during registration, certification and supervision (including audits) for each type of regulated subject;
  • b) data of mandatory reporting (notifications) for each type of regulated objects;
  • c) data from the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents;

Object-level regulation:

  • a) data of accounting for the presence and movement of AT by stages of the life cycle and stages within each stage;
  • b) accounting data of operating time, results of monitoring and diagnosing the state of AT, including data from recorders (accumulators) of information and on-board automated control systems (BASK);
  • c) accounting data for the application of control actions (for example, when implementing appropriate maintenance programs).

For the current stage of development of the air transport sphere characterized by dynamic pace of quantitative and qualitative changes. Therefore, the duties and obligations of States under the Chicago Convention requires an adequate level of control and increase the efficiency of systems of state regulation of civil aviation by improving the efficiency of the monitoring system, which should be associated with the use of modern information technology.

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