QC-1 - Caproni-Campini, the first jet
QC-1 - Caproni-Campini, the first jet

QC-1 - Caproni-Campini, the first jet


The first jet aircraft to fly were the Italian Caproni Campini (KK-1 and KK-2). They took off back in 1940. These flights became a kind of beacon in achieving the great goal of world aviation, since a positive result was achieved.


QC-1 - Caproni-Campini


The plane "Caproni campaign" (CC-1) made its first flight in August 28 1940 With a starting weight of 3196 kg, it has a top speed of flight 375 km / h.

As the power plant used two engines: the piston, and the jet itself. The piston engine "Isotta Fraschini," had power 900 l. from. and used for rotating a compressor of a jet engine. Air from the high pressure compressor enters the combustion chamber where it was a process of mixing the fuel and ignition.

QC-1 - Caproni-Campini 2



Expiration of gas going through the nozzle. Thus, the role of the turbine of the turbojet engine, rotating on the same shaft with a compressor in this case is carried out separately ny piston engine. Regardless of the design features of the aircraft, "Caproni-Campini" are reactive in nature and by definition and without any reservations was the first jet aircraft in the world, committed a steady and fairly long flight.

The development of jet aircraft went mainly towards the establishment and improvement of basic rational layout schemes. A huge experience gained in the creation of aircraft with piston engines, of course, been used fully, but the new direction of development of aviation technology required unconventional solutions.


kk-1 _-_ kaproni-kampini


In this connection there was a necessity in addressing groups of issues related to the aerodynamics of high subsonic and supersonic speed, especially handling the aircraft at such speeds, the creation of special heat-resistant and high-temperature alloys for jet engine parts, the development of regulatory systems, methods of gas dynamics, simulation, fabrication of thin airfoils (wings, rudders, keels, stabilizer), new technology and so on. d.


Caproni-Campini characteristics:

  Caproni-Campini N.1
Wingspan, m
Length m
Height, m
Wing area, m2
Weight, kg of empty aircraft
Weight, kg maximum takeoff
engine's type
  1 PD Isotta Fraschini L.121 / RC. Xnumx
Thrust, kgf
  1 x 900
Maximum speed km / h
Practical range, km
Practical ceiling, m



Quanta desinformação. O Caproni nunca foi um jato e sim Termo jato. Em 1937, a indústria alemã já havia desenvolvido o motor a jato (o Heinkel HeS 1). Após uma série de ajustes, o propulsor foi aplicado no protótipo Heinkel He 178, o primeiro avião a jato que voou. A primeira decolagem do aparelho aconteceu no dia 27 de agosto de 1939, quatro dia antes de Hitler ordenar a invasão da Polônia, que foi o estopim da Segunda Guerra Mundial.


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