Classification and approach to the study of factors pilot error

Classification and approaches

research pilot error factors



The functions of the human brain, as the only channel of information, have natural limits. Information overloads occur in flight practice much more often than is commonly believed. For many decades, the share of "human factors" has been estimated at 55 to 80 percent of the total number of causes of accidents. Moreover, this figure applies only to certified flight personnel. Taking into account the flights of the educational process of departmental, private aviation, the share of the Black Sea Fleet on average increases by four percent. With the addition of "human reasons" from the air traffic controller, maintenance, the total share of Black Sea Fleets is equal to about 87% under traditional classifications and methodologies.

Probabilistic approach. The probabilistic approach all human errors are divided into two classes: deterministic and stochastic. Deterministic errors are considered to be the result of inadequate knowledge and skills.

Stochastic errors can be reduced by using a set of special rules for the design and operation of the aircraft:

  • (1) redundant systems;
  • (2) decrease in the number of functions and their simplification;
  • (3) providing early, subcritical detection situation.


In parallel, the management strategy being built in the airline:

  • a) each person must learn the skills with the understanding that he had received, when, where, and why he has to use them;
  • b) set clear delegation of responsibilities within the organization;
  • c) each has a responsibility, in the fewest possible reasonable limits. In fact, the entire set of probabilistic approach is embodied in the rules of practice in the airline standardization procedures.


The approach of empirical classifications. This is the most common way of dividing the errors of an incident into "obvious from the point of view of experience, common sense (empiricism) with the help of verbal formulations:" landing gear "," lack of fuel "and the like. Despite the external credibility, empirical statements have not led to visible success for many years, since the indicated "mistakes" themselves are only a consequence of others, eluded by the researcher of many factors. Below is an example of how the systemic categories are mixed in empirical classifications. Here, in addition, we continue our earlier study of the modeling of safety classification.

behaviorist evaluation. The behavior of the pilot in the cockpit remains a field of close study of the researchers. The main difficulty is the fact that human behavior is largely determined by unconscious Ucs, our knowledge of which is still very small. According to Freud, mistakes are usually accompanied by unconscious intent. The intention may be the result of repressed desires, impulses to overcome the chain of life stressful situations. Stress is not in the situation, but in how we perceive the situation. If you try to make a general concept of researching the behavior of the pilot, it will look like it is shown in the diagram. Moreover, the signs of an effective pilot, as a rule, are less explored and known. Most of the research is aimed at identifying signs ineffective the pilot, sometimes referred to as the “erroneous aviator (or pilot) syndrome”. The table provides the author's expert assessment of the motivation of pilots working in different conditions. 


Useful links: