Space aviation
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Space aviation

Space aviation

 

 

Dreaming, as they say, it is not harmful, and sometimes even useful. Flying on the wings of space there and back - is an area where dream and reality touch so close that sometimes are born truly amazing projects.

Ideas for creating kosmpolanov emerged long before the flight of Yuri Gagarin. Remote hint of the spacecraft can be considered an American test aircraft Bell X-1, equipped with a rocket engine, which is the world's first to break the sound barrier. This is another step closer to his goal of man. It is on the supersonic aircraft is pinning its hopes space aviation.

In the USSR, creating air space plane began in 60-s of the last century. Thus was born the project "Spiral", which involves the construction of a two-stage system.

Space Aviation 4545

Space aviation

The second stage of the complex "Spiral" - the orbital plane. The design assumed that it will work on fluoro-amiachnom fuel, which would allow the aircraft to change flight angle, depending on the task. But the project "Spiral" was covered. The Soviet leadership decided to switch to an analogue of the American space shuttle, called the "Buran": Unfortunately, nothing good is not over.

The US Defense Department is now working on an experimental space drone, whose first flight is scheduled for the year 2017. XS-1 (letter X in the name of American vessels flying indicates that the project is connected with the space aircraft) must be capable of independent flight, as well as the withdrawal of satellites in Earth orbit.

Another representative of the US space, so to speak, aviation in the project is a small environmental research plane, abbreviated as ARES (from Aerial Regional-Scale Environment Surveyor). True, it is not quite cosmic, but it is the most distant of all. With him, the Americans are going to fly far beyond the orbital limits. ARES is aimed, as it relies (with such a name) on Mars. There he, of course, delivered to help in the study of the red planet. According to scientists, a small aircraft of this type is needed for many tasks that the rovers cannot perform yet. 

Space Aviation 4545

Space aviation

Edge of space beckons and private amateur pilots. Not surprising: Experimental Aviation Today is available to all who have the time, the means and, most importantly, the enthusiasm. Then projects like Perlan II are born. The idea of ​​the former NASA test pilot is to raise the glider to a record height of 27 kilometers, almost to the border with open space. The confidence of the founders is based on the vast experience of studying vertical stratospheric flows that form over mountainous terrain. It is with their help that the Perlan II team is going to lift their ship. Suddenly, the project turned its attention to the company Airbus, which decided to provide him with financial and technical assistance.  

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