roll aircraft
roll aircraft

Roll the aircraft. Video. Photo. The allowable limit.



Airplane roll (from fr. carène - keel, underwater part of the ship or from the English. kren-gen - put the ship on its side) - rotation of an object (ship, aircraft, foundation, etc.) around its longitudinal axis. Roll is one of Euler's three angles.

device showing roll ...  If we designate the longitudinal axis Y, then it corresponds to the angle α ((or the angle of precession). The aircraft roll is carried out by turning the steering wheel to the left or to the right (mainly), in the presence of only an RSS, by deflecting it to the right or left, in the presence of a joystick in the same way. using ailerons or any other parts that perform the functions of ailerons. In calculations it is considered to be positive roll counterclockwise. In practice, the expressions are used: "right roll", "left roll".

An important flight characteristic is the angle of heel at which there is no slip or loss (gain) of height. Calculated by the formula: alfa = arctan (V ^ 2 / g * R), where V is the speed of the aircraft (in m / s), g is the acceleration of gravity (9,81 m / s 2), R is the turning radius (in m). 

Turn the airplane upside down - make a turn around the longitudinal axis of the vessel on 180 degrees (capsizing).

Limitation - 67 degrees.

25 - Margin indicator in the flight.

30 - Allowed for when traversing pripyatstvy

In critical situations, pilots are allowed to exceed the maximum angles of heel, pursuing the goal - to preserve the lives of passengers. 
There is a limit for each aircraft and is calculated based on the design, strength, aerodynamics and speed. According to the ICAO regulatory documents. 
For example, military and acrobatic aircraft the maximum angle of heel is not defined, so for Su-27 Roll can be 90, and in straight flight. Some planes can so quickly change the angle of heel that transhipment will exceed 9g, such cases have been seen, for example, MiG-21.

Therefore, the pilots who flew the MiG-21 have an expression: "Iron can withstand, but a man ...


The sharp roll of the aircraft



Testing roll in 60 degree


Landing with a roll


What's Drift?

What pitch?

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