Plane Crash in the mountains
Plane Crash in the mountains

Plane crash in the mountains.


            Plane Crash in the mountains happened on December 20, 1995. Flight 965 was preparing to depart from Miami airport. Its destination was the city of Cali in Colombia. The flight was delayed a bit due to the long passenger check. They were allowed to take off half an hour late. But the difficulties did not end there. Due to the high workload of the aircraft Airport detained for another two hours.


            The captain of the aircraft was 57 old Nicholas Tafuri. It was one of the most experienced pilots of the company.American Airlines". By the time he flew over 13000 hours. Also, he had a good flight experience on Boeing 757... The co-pilot was Don Williams. It was the beginning of the Christmas break season and the passengers were getting ready to welcome the holiday. Most of them flew home to their relatives.


Passenger: I flew to Cali with my family. We want to quickly get out there and meet with relatives.


Plane Crash in the mountains            In 2: 45 nights the plane flew at an altitude of 11 kilometers. Then, at a signal from Cali Airport, he began to decline. Boeing 757 was a high-tech aircraft, equipped with an onboard computer. Thanks to a special program, the computer can control the flight of the aircraft during the entire flight. But it is the confidence of pilots computer and turned to flight 965 disaster. It was a moonless night. Visibility did not exceed 10 kilometers. The plane was about 100 kilometers from Kali. Its city airport is located at the end of a large gorge. On both sides of the gorge are mountains. To get on the landing course, the aircraft had to consistently go through a chain of navigation points. These were radio beacons indicating the route. According to the program, the on-board computer had to receive signals and change the direction of the aircraft. The 965 flight was approaching the radio beacon in Tulua. After Tulu it was necessary to begin the reduction to the radio beacon in the city of Roseau. And only then make a landing at the airport of Cali.


            Cali airport air traffic controller watched the approaching aircraft. But suddenly there was a problem. Government opponents to the government of Colombia rebels blew aviaradar. Managers have lost the ability to track aircraft. In the absence of the radar controller was forced to rely on readings in the cockpit.


            The dispatcher allowed the landing at Cali and told the plane to go down to a height of 5000 feet. He also asked to inform when the plane will pass the radio beacon in Tulua. Captain Tafuri thought he was being given a landing in Cali with a beacon in Tulua. However, the dispatcher requested only to inform him about the passage of this place. This was the main mistake.


Manager: I thought that the words of Captain "straight" means that the flight was going to Cali without any delay. However, I asked the captain to announce the passage of the aircraft beacon, because of a failure of our radar.


            Sorry, but the captain of the aircraft began to enter the modified data into the computer. As a result, an intermediate radio beacon in Tulua was removed from the route map to Cali, which was approached by an aircraft. 


Passenger: I remember the flight attendants asked us to fasten your seat belts and lift the back seat. It became clear that he would soon be landing. All the passengers were very satisfied.


            11 minutes remained until the estimated arrival time. The dispatcher asked if the plane was ready to enter the 1-9 lane. Initially planned landing on the strip 1-0. But it was even better. The plane did not need to circle for a long time over the city. The pilots were pleased. They began to decline towards the strip. This made the catastrophe inevitable. The dispatcher requested confirmation of the passage of Tulua and Roseau radio beacons. The pilots were confused. How could they miss the Tulua drive? Further events unfolded very rapidly. The crew had to enter into the computer new information about the position of the aircraft. The captain asked the dispatcher if they could fly directly to Rose Drive. He allowed the flight, but once again asked the pilots for the passage of the Tulua drive. Without radar, the dispatcher could not see where the plane was.


The plane crashed in the mountains.

The plane crashed in the mountains.


            The next moment, Captain Tafuri made another fatal decision. The computer, when you select a beacon Roseau, he introduced the letter "P" in the search bar. The database showed 10 navigation points starting with that letter. Beacon Roseau had to be at the beginning of the list. But there was a failure, and the captain changed course on a completely different point of navigation. In 520 speed in km / h, decreasing by 400 meters per minute, the plane began to dramatically change the direction of flight. Later the plane crashed in the mountains near Cali.


Manager: I and had no idea that they have deviated from the route. I did not have the data from the radar.


            As a result, the pilots have completely lost control of the situation. They relied on data from the instrument, while the plane gone from the desired course. Less than one minute airplane turned toward the mountains. Pilots began to realize that they do not fly through the course. Two minutes later, the captain realized that they can not themselves return to the old route and decided to go directly to the airport, bypassing the aircraft drive. They did not know that between them and Kali already towered rock.


            Suddenly, the emergency warning system about the dangerous proximity of the earth worked. The pilots immediately began to climb.


Passenger: I felt the plane suddenly went up. It felt as if we tossed in the high waves.


The plane crashed into the mountain

The plane crashed into a mountain.


            All efforts of the pilots failed. Nose up, aircraft at great speed vrezalsyav uphill. The estimated time of 965 board did not come out to the runway. Also with him was lost connection. He seemed to be disappeared. On monitors in the waiting rooms there was an announcement that the flight was delayed. But soon, the locals of the town Bug reported hearing a loud explosion. It became clear that the plane crashed.


            To the rocky massif, where the plane crashed, the first ambulances began to arrive. 6 hours after the disaster, in the area of ​​one of the mountains, the first wreckage of the aircraft was discovered. There were no roads at all. It was an area cut off from civilization. It was very difficult to get there. But there were still real people in the fallen plane.


Passenger: I remember when I woke up the next morning. The sun shone brightly. I could not understand how I get here.


            At dawn, a Colombian air force helicopter began to survey the disaster area. But every minute of delay could cost someone their lives. The victims could not get out from under the rubble. Besides, it was very cold, and the survivors could just freeze. Finally, after some time, one of the helicopters managed to find the crash site.


Passenger: When I saw the helicopter, then began waving a blanket hoping that we notice.


            After spending 10 hours in the cold mountains, the surviving passengers of the 965 flight were finally rescued.


Passenger: When the helicopter arrived, he threw him a rope, and it began to descend the people. Then I was absolutely happy.


            Rescuers started searching for survivors. The rescue operation lasted 13 hours and was greatly complicated by the strong wind and clouds. From 163 965 flight passengers survived only 4.


            In the meantime, experts took up the rubble. They needed to figure out how one of the most advanced airliners could lose their course and crash.


Expert: The investigation found that the plane crashed in the eastern part of the mountainside. This happened after the crew decided to make a U-turn.


            The main part of the wreckage was located on a small highland plateau. Many people were shocked by the disaster. It was a modern aircraft. It belonged to one of the best airlines in the world. No one could understand how this could happen. All the attention of investigators focused on the actions of flight personnel. Fortunately, the black boxes were quickly discovered. It was they who could uncover the mystery of the death of the 965 board.


Investigator: The fact that one pilot admitted the error still can not be the cause of the accident. There must be a lot of mistakes.


            When the plane flew up to Cali, the dispatcher accurately indicated to the pilots the landing site. The fact of changing the runway made pilots make hasty decisions. The flight crew had to hastily review the route map and re-program the on-board computer.


Investigator: In any case, when a man in a hurry, he accidentally can prevent a fatal mistake. The map was marked drive Roseau. Therefore, the captain, as a key entered the letter "P". This automatically means a change of route to the corresponding beacon. But the failure occurred in the program. As a result, the aircraft flew a completely different course.


Plane Crash in the mountains 1            On the map, which is located on the dashboard of the pilot, indicated the selected course of motion. According to him, the plane began to go left. Unfortunately, the co-pilot did not pay attention to the error of the captain. He was too busy preparing the aircraft for landing. As a result, the pilots sent the plane to the place of death. They lost control of the situation. The plane flew on autopilot, according to the program incorporated in it. Only a few minutes later the pilots decided to return to the previous course. However, instead of gaining a safe height, they continued to decline. When the signal of dangerous proximity of the earth was heard, the co-pilot managed to turn off the autopilot. But the landing flaps remained released. According to experts, with the flaps retracted, the plane would have managed to gain a safe height and fly over the mountain.


            According to the classification, this accident falls into the category of controlled accidents. This means that at the time of the crash, the plane was fully operational and was monitored by the crew that actually sent it up the hill. Both pilots were high-class pilots, but they were faced with problems that they simply did not have enough time to solve.


            In accordance with the decision of the court, the responsibility for the crash was placed on pilots who made a number of mistakes during the approach. The accident served as a serious lesson for all pilots. She also reminded that it is important to count every step, when in your hands the lives of others.


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