Lockheed Electra. Characteristics. A photo
Lockheed Electra. Characteristics. A photo

Lockheed Electra. Characteristics. A photo

Lockheed Electra \ Lockheed Model 10 Electra - twin-engine multi-purpose aircraft, manufactured by the American aircraft manufacturer Lockheed Aircraft Corporation to 1935 years.

Photo Lockheed Electra

The development and subsequent production of Lockheed Electra aircraft were conducted in order to create competitive capacity aircraft that could compete in their flight-technical qualities of the airplane with another US aircraft manufacturers - Boeing 247. Given the fact that the creation of Lockheed Electra was conducted from the ground, a number of parameters of the aircraft still managed to bypass the model Boeing 247, however, a large production run and because the airliner was not.

Lockheed Electra photo

Unlike previous models of aircraft manufactured by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, the Lockheed Electra aircraft was completely made of metal, which increased the carrying capacity of the fuselage design and made it more reliable in operating conditions. However, this factor has led to the fact that the cost of the aircraft, compared with preliminary calculations, has seriously increased, which, according to experts, has resulted from the refusal to continue the production of such aircraft.

To improve the aerodynamics of the aircraft, as well as to improve the agility and controllability of the aircraft tail section was bifurcated, which is one of the very characteristic differences of this model.

Lockheed Electra

The power plant of the aircraft is represented by two piston screw engines Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior SB, capable of developing power in 450 hp. each, and carry out air travel at speeds around 325 km / h (maximum flight speed).

On board the Lockheed Electra aircraft can accommodate up to ten passengers, with, if necessary, the salon can be quite quickly converted into a cargo bay, which allows the aircraft to operate as a transport aircraft.

cockpit Lockheed Electra

In 1937 year, aeronautical engineer from Lockheed Aircraft Corporation presented a model Lockheed Electra 10-A, available in several different versions, including for military purposes, for civilian passenger and cargo traffic. The distinguishing feature of this version were only minor improvements, in particular, reinforced fuselage, a new arrangement of the passenger compartment, the new seat, etc. The current modification of the aircraft has become popular of all lineup - 101 plane was built in a short production cycle.

Modification Lockheed Electra 10-B was introduced in 1939 year, and its main distinguishing feature is the new engines Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind, able to develop a total capacity of 880 hp, and an updated control panel. The model was produced for civilian purposes, maybe, for the Air Force United States.

scheme Lockheed Electra

Version Lockheed Electra 10-C was introduced in 1941 year, and eight aircraft were built specifically for the US airline Pan American Airways. The aircraft was equipped with easy to maintain, and highly reliable in operation engines Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp SC1, each of which provides power in 450 hp

In 1942 year, the American aircraft manufacturers specifically for the US Air Force, developed a model of Lockheed Electra 10-D, which is a transport aircraft, calculated as the carriage of goods and for the transportation of troops. However, the model has not been put into production.

The Lockheed Electra 10-E model was introduced in the 1937 year, while the aircraft was equipped with Pratt & Whitney R-1340 Wasp S3H1 improved screw engines, each of which had an 600 HP power The model was produced in conjunction with the version of Electra 10-A, and it was this modification that was used by Amelia Earhart for the first round-the-world flight performed by a woman.

The Lockheed XC-35 is an experimental version based on the base model, featuring a pressurized cabin and Pratt & Whitney XR-1340-43 turbocharged engines, the total power of the 1100 hp.

Model Lockheed KXL1 - a special version of the identity of the aircraft, designed for the Japanese Navy,

At the moment, airplanes Lockheed Electra still continue to operate, but in a very limited number - according to official figures, at the end of the year 2014, in the whole world has been used only 5 aircraft of this model.

Specifications Lockheed Electra.

  • Crew: 2 person;
  • Passenger: 10 people;
  • aircraft Length: 11,8 m .;
  • Wingspan: 16,8 m .;
  • Plane Height: 3,1 m .;
  • Weight of empty aircraft: 2930 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Payload: 1830 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum takeoff weight: 4760 kg. (Depending on version);
  • Cruising speed: 306 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight speed: 325 km \ h. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight distance: 1150 km. (Depending on version);
  • Maximum flight height: 5910 m (depending on version).
  • aircraft engine type: a piston;
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney R-985 Wasp Junior SB (depending on version);
  • Power: 2 × 450 hp (Depending on version).

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